Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives / Edition 1

Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives / Edition 1

by Nicholas F. Gier
     
 

ISBN-10: 0791445283

ISBN-13: 9780791445280

Pub. Date: 03/28/2000

Publisher: State University of New York Press

A comparative philosophical consideration of the extremes of humanism, or "Titanism," this book critiques trends in Eastern and Western philosophy and examines solutions to them.

This work in comparative philosophy uses the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which

Overview

A comparative philosophical consideration of the extremes of humanism, or "Titanism," this book critiques trends in Eastern and Western philosophy and examines solutions to them.

This work in comparative philosophy uses the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives. The author finds the most explicit forms of spiritual Titanism in the Jaina, Samkhya, and Yoga traditions, where yogis claim powers and knowledge that in the West are only attributed to God. These philosophies are also radically dualistic, and liberation involves a complete transcendence of the body, society, and nature. Five types of spiritual Titanism are identified; and, in addition to this typology, a heuristic based on Nietzsche's three metamorphoses of camel, lion, and child is offered. The book determines that answers to spiritual Titanism begin not only with the Hindu Goddess religion, but also are found in Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism, especially Zen Buddhism and Confucianism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791445280
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
03/28/2000
Series:
SUNY series in Constructive Postmodern Thought Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

Introduction
The Titans: Superhuman and Superdivine
Uttaravada versus Avataravada
Summaries of the Chapters
Nietzsche's Übermensch Not a Titan

1. TITANISM IN THE WEST

Introduction
Humanism and Superhumanism
Existentialism and Titanism
Christian Titanism and the Incarnation
Western Answers to Titanism

2. THE SELF AND CONSTRUCTIVE POSTMODERNISM

Introduction
Premodernism, Modernism, and Postmodernism
Hebraic and Buddhist Skandhas
Problems with Indian Dualisms
ACritique of Advaita Vedanta
ABuddhist Dialectic of Reconstruction
Conclusions

3. PROMETHEUS EAST: GREEK AND HINDU TITANS

Introduction
Asura Titanism
Human Titans in the Puranas
Titans and Olympians
Conclusions

4. JAINA SUPERHUMANISM AND GNOSTIC TITANISM

Introduction
Jaina Colossi and the Cosmic Man
The Status of the Jaina Gods
Man Is God and Homo Mensura
Omniscience: Mahavira and the Buddha
Anekantavada and Gnostic Titanism
Panzooism, Mind-Body, and Process Philosophy
Conclusions

5. HINDU TITANISM

Introduction
Types of Indian Titanism
Yoga Titanism
The Purusa Hymn and its Legacy
The Purusa as Cosmic Yogi
Monism, Ecology, and Titanism

6. THE YOGI AND THE GODDESS

Prologue: The Dancing Goddess
Introduction
The Material Principle: East and West
The Goddess in Indian Philosophy
Puranic Expressions of the Goddess
Kurtz’s Psychoanalytic Interpretation
Does the Goddess Speak with a Woman's Voice?
Conclusions
Epilogue: The Triumph of the Goddess

7. NEO-VEDANTA AND AUROBINDOS SUPERMAN

Introduction
Ramakrishna: Kali's Child
Vivekananda's "Manly" Neo-Vedanta
Supermind, Superman, and Supernature
Conclusions

8. BUDDHISM, HUMANISM, AND TITANISM

Introduction
Buddhist Humanism
The Buddha Is Just the Buddha
The Buddha as Mahapurisa
The Cosmological Buddha of Mahayana
The Siddhas: Buddha's Lions
Zen, the Body, and Society
Conclusions

9. ON THE DEIFICATION OF CONFUCIUS

Introduction
A History of Confucius' Elevation
Is the Sage God?
The Sage as a Great Person

10. XUNZI AND NEO-CONFUCIANISM

Introduction
Xunzi, Tian, and the Cosmic Triad
Is Xunzi a Technological Titan?
Machle: Xunzi Not a Titan
Neo-Confucianism and Titanism
Self, Body, and Society

11. LAOZI, ZHUANGZI, AND NIETZSCHE

Introduction
Purusa and Panku
Immortality and the Immortals
Zhuangzi and Postmodernism
Zhuangzi and the Perfect Person
Zhuangzi and Nietzsche
The Triumph of the Confucian Sage

NOTES

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

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