Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives / Edition 1

Spiritual Titanism: Indian, Chinese, and Western Perspectives / Edition 1

by Nicholas F. Gier
     
 

ISBN-10: 0791445283

ISBN-13: 9780791445280

Pub. Date: 03/28/2000

Publisher: State University of New York Press

This work in comparative philosophy uses the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives. The author finds the most explicit forms of spiritual Titanism in the Jaina, Samkhya, and Yoga traditions, where yogis claim powers…  See more details below

Overview

This work in comparative philosophy uses the concept of Titanism to critique certain trends in both Eastern and Western philosophy. Titanism is an extreme form of humanism in which human beings take on divine attributes and prerogatives. The author finds the most explicit forms of spiritual Titanism in the Jaina, Samkhya, and Yoga traditions, where yogis claim powers and knowledge that in the West are only attributed to God. These philosophies are also radically dualistic, and liberation involves a complete transcendence of the body, society, and nature. Five types of spiritual Titanism are identified; and, in addition to this typology, a heuristic based on Nietzsche's three metamorphoses of camel, lion, and child is offered. The book determines that answers to spiritual Titanism begin not only with the Hindu Goddess religion, but also are found in Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism, especially Zen Buddhism and Confucianism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791445280
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
03/28/2000
Series:
SUNY series in Constructive Postmodern Thought Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxvii
Introduction1
The Titans: Superhuman and Superdivine2
Uttaravada versus Avataravada9
Summaries of the Chapters12
Nietzsche's Ubermensch Not a Titan17
Chapter 1Titanism in the West23
Introduction23
Humanism and Superhumanism24
Existentialism and Titanism27
Christian Titanism and the Incarnation29
Western Answers to Titanism33
Chapter 2The Self and Constructive Postmodernism39
Introduction39
Premodernism, Modernism, and Postmodernism40
Hebraic and Buddhist Skandhas45
Problems with Indian Dualisms48
A Critique of Advaita Vedanta51
A Buddhist Dialectic of Reconstruction54
Conclusions56
Chapter 3Prometheus East: Greek and Hindu Titans59
Introduction59
Asura Titanism60
Human Titans in the Puranas67
Titans and Olympians72
Conclusions76
Chapter 4Jaina Superhumanism and Gnostic Titanism79
Introduction79
Jaina Colossi and the Cosmic Man80
The Status of the Jaina Gods82
Man Is God and Homo Mensura83
Omniscience: Mahavira and the Buddha85
Anekantavada and Gnostic Titanism90
Panzooism, Mind-Body, and Process Philosophy92
Conclusions97
Chapter 5Hindu Titanism99
Introduction99
Types of Indian Titanism100
Yoga Titanism102
The Purusa Hymn and its Legacy104
The Purusa as Cosmic Yogi108
Monism, Ecology, and Titanism109
Chapter 6The Yogi and the Goddess113
Prologue: The Dancing Goddess113
Introduction114
The Material Principle: East and West114
The Goddess in Indian Philosophy117
Puranic Expressions of the Goddess120
Kurtz's Psychoanalytic Interpretation127
Does the Goddess Speak with a Woman's Voice?130
Conclusions134
Epilogue: The Triumph of the Goddess136
Chapter 7Neo-Vedanta and Aurobindo's Superman139
Introduction139
Ramakrishna: Kali's Child140
Vivekananda's "Manly" Neo-Vedanta145
Supermind, Superman, and Supernature148
Conclusions155
Chapter 8Buddhism, Humanism, and Titanism157
Introduction157
Buddhist Humanism158
The Buddha Is Just the Buddha161
The Buddha as Mahapurisa163
The Cosmological Buddha of Mahayana164
The Siddhas: Buddha's Lions167
Zen, the Body, and Society171
Conclusions176
Chapter 9On the Deification of Confucius177
Introduction177
A History of Confucius' Elevation178
Is the Sage God?184
The Sage as a Great Person189
Chapter 10Xunzi and Neo-Confucianism191
Introduction191
Xunzi, Tian, and the Cosmic Triad192
Is Xunzi a Technological Titan?195
Machle: Xunzi Not a Titan199
Neo-Confucianism and Titanism201
Self, Body, and Society205
Chapter 11Laozi, Zhuangzi, and Nietzsche207
Introduction207
Purusa and Panku208
Immortality and the Immortals212
Zhuangzi and Postmodernism215
Zhuangzi and the Perfect Person221
Zhuangzi and Nietzsche226
The Triumph of the Confucian Sage233
Notes237
Selected Bibliography283
Index297

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