The Splendid Blond Beast: Money, Law and Genocide in the Twentieth Century

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Overview

The most appalling crime in human affairs is certainly genocide. But perhaps even more shocking is the fact that those who organize and even those who commit mass murder are rarely punished for what they have done. Most, in fact, profit from their crimes. The Splendid Blond Beast is the latest investigation into this seamiest side of the twentieth century, from the author of the award-winning Blowback, the groundbreaking study of the U.S. government's recruitment of former Nazis. Christopher Simpson's new research reveals that CIA chief Allen Dulles organized the escape of the highest-ranking SS killer to survive World War II, along with a number of the officer's senior aides. Each of these Nazis had been personally responsible for the deportation of Jews to death camps and for mass executions of resistance fighters. Dulles also used U.S. government lists to help install former slave-labor specialists in key positions in postwar Germany. In addition to presenting this revelatory expose of government malfeasance, Simpson traces the roots of mass murder as an instrument of state power, from the Armenian genocide of World War I through Hitler's Holocaust. He shows how the existing structures of international law and commerce have at critical points actually encouraged mass murder and the escape of war criminals. Corporate looting and profiteering at the expense of innocents are often built into genocide, Simpson contends, and influence which killers are most likely to escape justice and who is predisposed to help them. The Splendid Blond Beast is a disturbing and often profound book about the roots of evil in our time.
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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
Citing newly uncovered archival sources, Simpson ( Blowback: America's Recruitment of Nazis and Its Effects on the Cold War ) first argues that Hitler emulated the Turkish government's 1915-1918 policy regarding the massacre of Armenians by offering economic incentives and other rewards to citizens willing to participate in the extermination of the Jews. He then examines the U.S. government's response to both genocidal campaigns. Of utmost interest here is the evidence he presents that President Eisenhower's secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, and Dulles's brother Allen, director of the CIA, deliberately stymied efforts to bring to justice many German bankers and industrialists involved in the Nazis' extermination-through-labor programs. The study leaves little doubt that many members of Germany's corporate elite not only were aware of the genocidal programs during the war but sponsored innumerable supplementary negelganger , or ``side camps,'' staffed by company employees. Simpson argues that while genocide is still widely practiced today, it is usually tolerated by those who benefit from it through the theft of land and natural resources. The cycle of genocide can be broken, he maintains, through relatively straightforward (though politically difficult) reforms of the international legal system. (Jan.)
Library Journal
In this intriguing combination of revisionist history and conspiracy theory that should interest many students of the Cold War, Simpson ( Blowback , Grove, 1988) asserts that genocide has been a common factor in the development of many Western nations, including the United States. He argues that genocide has recurred due to the willingness of monied classes to support amoral governments that work to further their commercial interests. By way of example, he cites both the Turkish slaughter of the Armenians during World War I and the Jewish Holocaust. He faults U.S. diplomats for their role in both tragedies, especially those who aided the escape of Nazi war criminals after World War II. Though well written, Simpson's work suffers from a lack of objectivity and a constant tone of accusation. Some conclusions regarding the origins of the Cold War are highly speculative and are likely to come under serious criticism by many historians. Recommended for libraries with large European history collections. Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 9/1/92.-- Joseph W. Constance Jr., St. Anselm Coll. Lib., Manchester, N.H.
Booknews
Examines how the social mechanisms of genocide encourage tacit international cooperation in the escape from justice of those who perpetrated the crime. Looks at the social underpinnings and day-to- day dynamics of two mass crimes: the Armenian Genocide of 1915-18 and Hitler's Holocaust of the Jews, as well as the US government's response to those tragedies. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Kirkus Reviews
A disturbing report on how US bankers, lawyers, and diplomats responded to the Armenian massacres of WW I and the Holocaust. Simpson (Blowback, 1988) has double expertise for this comparative study, since he's a member of the national advisory board of the Armenian Genocide Archive and also served as research director for Marcel Ophuls's documentary of Klaus Barbie, Hotel Terminus. During WW I, Simpson tells us, America and its European allies saw the recently drafted Hague and Geneva Conventions fail when the Turkish government killed one million Armenians—and when, at the Versailles peace conference, the victors allowed Turkey to escape punishment in hope of obtaining Middle Eastern oil. Hitler cited the Armenian genocide as the prototype of his own larger, more systematically organized crimes—although Simpson, by using newly released documents, suggests that the Nazis could not have conducted their hideous slaughter without Western bungling: in one case, through American concerns such as Ford Motor Co. and John Foster Dulles's Sullivan and Cromwell law firm, whose European trading partners looted Jewish businesses in the Nazi "Aryanization" program; and, in another case, through State Department bureaucrats who buried intelligence reports on the Final Solution. Further, Simpson shows how prominent Nazis, such as oil chief Karl Blessing and SS general Karl Wolff, escaped judgment at Nuremberg with the assistance of these State Department functionaries and of John Foster Dulles's brother Allen (then an OSS agent who helped clear German businessmen). The motive: to aid Nazi industrialists who had spied for the US during the war, or who might help rebuild Germany as ananti-Communist bulwark in Europe. Except for its simplistic conclusion (that the lax US war- crimes posture contributed to the souring of American-Soviet relations): revelatory and shocking investigative scholarship of a high order.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781567510621
  • Publisher: Common Courage Press
  • Publication date: 7/1/2002
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

1 The Splendid Blond Beast 3
2 "The Immediate Demands of Justice" 15
3 Young Turks 27
4 Bankers, Lawyers, and Linkage Groups 43
5 The Profits of Persecution 59
6 "Who Still Talks of the Armenians?" 75
7 No Action Required 99
8 Katyn 117
9 Silk Stocking Rebel 133
10 "The Present Ruling Class of Germany" 149
11 The Trials Begin 159
12 Morgenthau's Plan 171
13 "This Needs to Be Dragged Out Into the Open" 189
14 Sunrise 199
15 White Lists 217
16 Prisoner Transfers 233
17 Double-Think on Denazification 245
18 "It Would Be Undesirable if This Became Publicly Known" 255
19 The End of the War Crimes Commission 269
20 Money, Law, and Genocide 279
Appendix 289
Notes and Sources 311
Index 385
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