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The television sponsor has become semi-mythical. He is remote and unseen, but omnipresent. Dramas, football games, and press conferences pause for a "word" from him. He "makes possible" concerts and public affairs broadcasts. His "underwriting grants" brings the viewer music festivals and classic films. Interviews with visiting statesmen are interrupted for him, to continue "in a moment."
Sponsorship is basic to American television. Even noncommercial television looks to it for survival. A vast industry has grown up around the needs and wishes of sponsors. Television's program formulas, business practices, and ratings have all evolved in ways to satisfy sponsor requirements. Indeed, he has become a potentate of our time.
The Sponsor is divided into three parts. In "Rise," Barnouw sketches the rise of the sponsor, in both radio and television, to his present state of eminence. In "Domain," the sponsor's pervasive impact on television programming is examined, with an emphasis on network television, the primary arena of the industry. And in "Prospect," Barnouw assesses what such dominance has meant for American society, mores, and institutions--and what it may mean for our future. This is a gripping volume about power, how it not only influences programming itself, but how it defines for the average person what is good, great, and desirable.
"I haven't read a more stimulating and enlightening book about television. My mind still burns under its influence."--Bill Moyers
"[The Sponsor] is the most incisive and well-written study to date of the economic structure and ideological impact of modern broadcasting."--The Nation
"The best critique of television since Newton Minow's wasteland' blast of the early 1960s."--Library Journal
Erik Barnouw (1908-2001) was professor of dramatic arts at Columbia University, and in 1978 was named chief of the Library of Congress's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division. Among his many books are Documentary: A History of the Non-Fiction Film and the award-winning three-volume History of Broadcasting in the United States.
Deirdre Boyle is core faculty in the Graduate Media Studies Program at New School University. A video historian, media critic, consultant, and psychotherapist, she is the author of Subject to Change: Guerilla Television Revisited.
|List of Illustrations|
|Preface to the Transaction Edition|
|But First, This Message ...||3|
|1||On the Eve of the Sponsor||9|
|2||The First 400||10|
|12||Changing the Guard||55|
|15||Do You Agree or Disagree ...?||74|
|1||The Inner Fortress - the "commercial"||79|
|2||The Outer Defenses - "entertainment"||101|
|3||The Satrapies - "public service"||123|
|4||Sphere of Influence - "culture"||149|
|2||The Medium and The Biosphere||156|
|3||The New Liberation||159|
|4||Genie from the Tube||161|