Sport and the Color Line: Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth-Century America / Edition 1

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The year 2003 marks the one-hundredth anniversary of W.E.B. Du Bois' Souls of Black Folk, in which he declared that "the color line" would be the problem of the twentieth century. Half a century later, Jackie Robinson would display his remarkable athletic skills in "baseball's great experiment." Now, Sport and the Color Line takes a look at the last century through the lens of sports and race, drawing together articles by many of the leading figures in Sport Studies to address the African American experience and the history of race relations. The history of African Americans in sport is not simple, and it certainly did not begin in 1947 when Jackie Robinson first donned a Brooklyn Dodgers uniform. The essays presented here examine the complexity of black American sports culture, from the organization of semi-pro baseball and athletic programs at historically black colleges and universities, to the careers of individual stars such as Jack Johnson and Joe Louis, to the challenges faced by black women in sports. What are today's black athletes doing in the aftermath of desegregation, or with the legacy of Muhammad Ali's political stance? The essays gathered here engage such issues, as well as the paradoxes of corporate sport and the persistence of scientific racism in the athletic realm.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415946117
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 11/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Patrick B. Miller is Professor of History at Northeastern Illinois University in Chicago. David K. Wiggins is Professor of Sport History at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia.

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Table of Contents

1 Sport and Black Pittsburgh, 1900-1930 3
2 Black Entrepreneurship in the National Pastime: The Rise of Semiprofessional Baseball in Black Chicago, 1890-1915 25
3 Year of the Comet: Jack Johnson versus Jim Jeffries, July 4, 1910 45
4 "A General Understanding": Organized Baseball and Black Professional Baseball, 1900-1930 63
5 "We were Ladies, we Just Played Like Boys": African-American Womanhood and Competitive Basketball at Bennett College, 1928-1942 83
6 A Special Type of Discipline: Manhood and Community in Africa-American Institutions, 1923-1957 101
7 Joe Louis: American Folk Hero 127
8 "End Jim Crow in Sports": The Leonard Bates Controversy and Protest at New York University, 1940-1941 147
9 Jackie Robins: "A Long Negro" in Major League Baseball 167
10 More than a Game: The Political Meaning of High School Basketball in Indianapolis 191
11 "Cinderellas" of Sport: Black Women in Track and Field 211
12 Jim Crow in the Gymnasium: The Integration of College Basketball in the American South 233
13 Civil Rights on the Gridiron: The Kennedy Administration and the Desegregation of the Washington Redskins 251
14 Edwin Bancroft Henderson, African-American Athletes, and the Writing of Sport History 271
15 The Greatest: Muhammad Ali's Confounding Character 289
16 The Sports Spectacle, Michael Jordan, and Nike 305
17 The Anatomy of Scientific Racism: Racialist Responses to Black Athletic Achievement 327
18 Crisis of Black Athletes at the Outset of the Twenty-First Century 345
Further Reading 351
Contributors 363
Permissions Acknowledgments 367
Index 369
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