Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play with PowerWeb


This book challenges you to consider ethical dilemmas in sport and find out where you stand. Featuring a strong background in the philosophy, history, and sociology of sport, it offers new perspectives on the ethical issues facing athletes today -- in youth sports, intercollegiate athletics, the Olympics, and professional sports. With its thought-provoking questions and real-life situations, this book focuses on the theme of moral reasoning and the issues of what winning really ...
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This book challenges you to consider ethical dilemmas in sport and find out where you stand. Featuring a strong background in the philosophy, history, and sociology of sport, it offers new perspectives on the ethical issues facing athletes today -- in youth sports, intercollegiate athletics, the Olympics, and professional sports. With its thought-provoking questions and real-life situations, this book focuses on the theme of moral reasoning and the issues of what winning really means.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780072506075
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
  • Publication date: 3/13/2001
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Product dimensions: 7.36 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.38 (d)

Meet the Author

Student learning is the focus of Angela Lumpkin's approach to teaching. She first seeks to learn who her students are and what they know so that she and her students can work together to determine what they need to know and be able to do. This instructional approach has enabled her to help students effectively explore the fields of physical education, exercise science, and sport studies through the variety of course she had taught from history and philosophy of physical education and sport to sport management. Dr. Lumpkin began her career at the University of North Carolina in 1974 where she advanced to become the first female in the Department of Physical Education to become a full professor. Her undergraduate degree is from the University of Arkansas and her Ph.D. in sport history is from The Ohio State University. Dr. Lumpkin also has an MBA from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is currently Dean of the School of Education at the University of Kansas. Dr. Lumpkin has held leadership positions in the North Carolina Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (NCAHPERD), the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, and many other professional organizations. She is the author of seven books including Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science and Sport Studies, fifth edition, and has written numerous refereed articles and made over 100 professional presentations.

Dr. Sharon Kay Stoll serves as the current Director of the Center for ETHICS* at the University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. Dr. Stoll is considered one of the leading authorities in competitive moral education intervention techniques for college age adults inAmerica. Professor of Physical Education and Director of the Center for ETHICS*, Dr. Stoll is a Distinguished Faculty Member and winner of a prestigious University Award for Teaching at the University of Idaho. A former public school teacher, coach, and athlete, Dr. Stoll holds a Ph.D. in sport philosophy from Kent State University, and is the creator and director of the first program in America to be directed toward moral education with competitive populations. The Idaho program includes a minor in sport ethics at the undergraduate level, a master’s degree in sport science, and a Ph.D. in Education. Dr. Stoll is well known for knowledge in teaching and methodology as applied to pedagogy in moral education and character development. In the twenty years Dr. Stoll has been a professor at the University of Idaho, she has published 63+ major journal articles, 20 plus refereed abstracts, 24+ referenced proceedings, authored 8 books and 45 chapters in books, presented over 106 national and international scholarly publications, and given over 100 workshops and clinics. She is consistently ranked in the top 1% in teaching evaluations within the College of Education as well. Her eight books include, “Who Says This IS Cheating”, and “Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play”.

Jennifer M. Beller is a Research and Measurement Specialist to the University of Idaho’s Center for ETHICS and the College of Education. Formerly an Associate Professor at Eastern Michigan University, she currently teaches master’s and doctoral classes in research, measurement and evaluation, moral reasoning and moral development, and character education. She holds a doctorate in Sport Ethics and Philosophy from the University of Idaho and is an Affiliate Faculty Member to the Graduate School. She is internationally known for her measurement and evaluation of moral reasoning, moral development, and moral education of competitive and general populations. She the principle author the Hahm-Beller Values Choice Inventory, the definitive moral reasoning instrument in use today for competitive populations that is both valid and reliable. She is a major contributing author/developer to the RSBH Values Judgment Inventory, a valid and reliable cognitive tool that examines an individual’s moral reasoning versus social reasoning. She regularly conducts research, writes, and presents in character education, moral development, and moral reasoning both nationally and internationally and has been features on such programs as Niteline, ESPN sports, Fox News, KREM 2 TV documentaries, the BBC TB in Manchester England, and various newspaper, and radio shows through out the country. She has written or co-authored: Seven books, can chapter in books, 42+ journal publications, 25 abstracts and proceedings, 70+ scholarly and invited talks throughout the world on character education, moral development and moral reasoning of general and competitive populations, developed 5 videos, and 1 interactive multi-media CDROM on performance enhancing drugs and the nature of character, plus presented 50+ character education workshops. She has consulted with: The United States Military Academy, The Unites States Air Force Academy, The US Central Intelligence Agency, the Idaho Supreme Court, The American Bar Association, Cobb county Schools, Marietta. Georgia, Nation Federation of High School Activity Associations, Michigan High School Athletic Association, Idaho High School Activity Association, National Collegiate Athletic Association, and National Coaches Association. She won the Eastern Michigan University Scholarly Recognition Award in 1995-1996 and was listed as one of the top scholars in the 150-year history of Eastern Michigan University. She, her husband and son live on the Mule’s End Ranch in the Hoo Doo Mountains of Idaho, where they raise horses and mules and enjoy the ranching life.

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Table of Contents

Preface v
Part I Theoretical Framework for Moral Reasoning 1
Chapter 1 The Process of Moral Reasoning 3
Everyday Ethical Problems in Sport 5
Is This a Scenario about Moral Values? Why? 7
A Certain Perspective 9
Impartiality 9
Consistency 10
Reflection 11
Summary 17
Issues and Dilemmas 17
Chapter 2 Values, Principles, and You 21
Making Choices 21
What Is an Ethical Dilemma? 21
Selecting Values 23
Moral Values 26
Selecting Four Values 27
Justice: Moral Value One 28
Honesty: Moral Value Two 29
Responsibility: Moral Value Three 29
Beneficence: Moral Value Four 29
Writing Principles 30
Justice: Principle One--Do Not Be Unfair 31
Honesty: Principle Two--Do Not Lie, Cheat, or Steal 31
Responsibility: Principle Three--Do Not Be Irresponsible 31
Beneficence: Principle Four--Do Not Be Uncivil 31
Questioning a Principle 31
Colliding Values in Everyday Life 33
The Problem with Principles--Never Tell a Lie 34
A Principle and Its Demands 35
A Scenario about Cheating 36
Summary 37
Issues and Dilemmas 39
Chapter 3 Application and Strategy: Thinking about the Game Plan 41
Steps in Thinking Through a Moral Problem 43
Step 1 Are Any Moral Principles Violated? 43
Step 2 Are Any Moral Rules Violated? 43
Step 3 Is This Case an Exception? 43
Step 4 Are the Rules Justified? 44
Step 5 How Can the Rules Be Changed? 45
Obstacles and Fallacies in Reasoning 46
Skepticism 46
Cultural and Relative Ethics 47
Dogmatism 47
False Obstruction of Theory and Practice 47
Other Obstacles: Fallacies in Reasoning 47
The Fallacy of Authority 47
Ad Hominem Arguments 47
Misplaced and Improperly Placed Authority 48
The Appeal to Force 48
The Appeal to Pity and Ridicule 48
Begging the Question 48
Equivocation 48
Psychological Obstacles 48
A Final Comment on Courage 48
Summary 49
Issues and Dilemmas 50
Part II Application of Moral Reasoning to Sport 53
Chapter 4 Intimidation, Competition, and Sportsmanship 55
Intimidation and Its Role in Competition 55
Defining Intimidation 55
Coaching Intimidation: Purposeful 56
Coaching Intimidation: Nonpurposeful 57
Intimidation from the Player's Point of View 57
Intimidation by the Athlete: Purposeful 59
Physical Intimidation: Purposeful 60
Nonpurposeful Psychological and Physiological Intimidation 61
Physical Intimidation: Nonpurposeful 62
External Forms of Intimidation 63
Summary 63
Issues and dilemmas 64
Chapter 5 Violence in Sport 67
Types and Purposes of Rules 68
Constitutive Rules 68
Proscriptive Rules 68
Sportsmanship Rules 69
Ethical Conduct or Not 70
Is Winning the Only Thing? 70
Categorical Imperatives 72
How Violence Affects Sport 72
Why Violence Exists 72
Why Violent Behavior Is Taught 73
Why Violence Is Condoned 74
Why and How Violence Is Rewarded 75
The Impact of Violence on Sport 75
Recommendations 76
Summary 78
Issues and Dilemmas 78
Chapter 6 Eligibility in Sport 85
Historical and Sociological Perspectives 85
Youth Sport 86
Interscholastic Sport 87
Intercollegiate Sport 89
Olympic Sport 95
Eligibility and Moral Reasoning 96
Ethical Dilemmas Regarding Eligibility 97
Summary 100
Issues and Dilemmas 101
Chapter 7 Sport Elimination 109
Competitive Athletics Are Not For Everyone 109
Factors Leading to Sport Dropout 111
Lack of Skills 111
Not Fun Anymore 115
Pressures to Win 118
Sport Burnout 121
Physical Burnout 121
Psychological Burnout 124
Social Burnout 126
Summary 127
Issues and Dilemmas 128
Chapter 8 Commercialized Sport 137
Sport for Public Relations and Promotions 139
Youth Sport 139
Interscholastic Sport 140
Intercollegiate Sport 141
Professional Sport 143
Commercialized Sport as a Business 144
Youth Sport and Interscholastic Sport 145
Intercollegiate Sport 145
Professional Sport 147
Sport as Entertainment 147
Youth and Interscholastic Sport 147
Intercollegiate Sport 148
Professional Sport 148
Sport as a Transmitter of Economic Values 150
Economic Concerns and Rule Violations 150
Youth Sport 150
Intercollegiate Sport 150
Ethical Dilemmas Relative to Commercialization 153
Summary 155
Issues and Dilemmas 156
Chapter 9 Racial Equity: African Americans in Sport 163
Historical Perspective of Racial Inequity in Sport 164
From Exclusion to Opportunities Limited by Economic Realities 164
School Segregation Gives Way to Integration 165
Integration of Intercollegiate Sport 165
Professional Sport 167
Societal Attitudes 167
Are Organizational Policies Affecting African Americans Disproportionately? 169
Role Models 169
Stacking and a Quota System 170
African American Athletes as Portrayed in the Media 171
Dispelling Myths 171
Recommendations 173
Summary 173
Issues and Dilemmas 175
Chapter 10 Gender Equity in Sport 183
Historical Perspectives 183
Gender Inequity in Sport 184
Limited Opportunities 185
Governing Organizations and Policies for Women's Intercollegiate Athletics 186
Title IX 186
Outcomes of Change 188
Interscholastic Sport Changes for Girls 188
Societal Attitudes 190
Continuing Questions 192
Moral Education 194
Summary 195
Issues and Dilemmas 196
Part III Application of Moral Reasoning in Other Physical Activity Settings 205
Chapter 11 Ergogenic Aids for Sport Performance 207
Use of Ergogenic Aids 208
Stimulants 208
Depressants 210
Anabolic Steroids 210
Human Growth Hormone 212
Blood Doping 213
Beta-Blockers 213
The Dilemmas of Drug Testing 214
Opposition to Drug Testing 214
Thwarting Drug Testing 215
Justifications for Drug Testing 215
Educating against Drug Use in Sport 215
Other Related Issues 216
Taking Ergogenic Aids that May Cause Health Problems 216
Using Ergogenic Aids for Weight Gain and Loss 217
Possible Changes in How Drugs Are Viewed in Sport 217
Summary 218
Issues and Dilemmas 219
Chapter 12 Ethical Considerations of Technology in Sport 227
A Sporting Challenge 229
An Alternative Argument 230
Direct Harm 231
Technology in a Bottle 232
Summary: The Fine Line 232
Issues and Dilemmas 234
Chapter 13 Sport Science, Physical Education, and Research 239
Professional Responsibility in the Workplace 239
Professional Responsibility as Part of Our Social and Ethical Responsibilities to Society 240
Understanding Professional Responsibility 241
Sport Science Example 241
Discussion 242
A Question of Professional Loyalty 243
Being a Professional and Its Relationship to Professional Ethics 244
Codes of Ethics 244
Codes of Ethics in Physical Education 246
Codes of Ethics in Sport Science and Research 246
Human Subjects Review Boards in Research 247
Informed Consent in Research 248
Summary 249
Issues and Dilemmas 250
Chapter 14 Epilogue: Morality in Sport 255
Moral Reasoning: A Review 255
Moral and Nonmoral Values: A Review 256
Moral Reasoning in Relation to Sport and Social Issues: A Review 257
Moral Reasoning In Relation to the Sport Science Discipline: A Review 258
Issues and Dilemmas 259
A Look to the Future 262
Glossary 265
Index 270
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