Sport Nutrition - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

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Overview

The new edition of Sport Nutrition: An Introduction to Energy Production and Performance presents the principles, background, and rationale for current nutrition guidelines specifically for athletes. Using a physiological basis, this text provides an in-depth look at the science behind sport nutrition. Students will come away with a comprehensive understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport and the influence of nutrition on exercise performance, training, and recovery.

The chapters and the material within each chapter are sequenced in a logical order that will help instructors deliver a better course and spend less time in preparing lectures and tutorials. Instructors will also enjoy the completely new ancillaries with this edition, including an online instructor guide, test package, PowerPoint presentation package, and image bank. This text contains updated and expanded information to keep students current on the latest findings in sport nutrition:

•    A new chapter on training adaptations, including effects of nutrition on overtraining

•    New information on weight management and body composition for athletes

•    New research on carbohydrate and new recommendations for carbohydrate intake during training

•    An expanded discussion on the role of protein in strength and endurance exercise training

•    The latest information on exercise, nutrition, and immune function

The new content complements the strong foundational information that the authors provided in the previous edition, including fuel sources for muscle and exercise metabolism, energy requirements for various sports, and a complete grounding in the macronutrients (carbohydrate, fat, and protein) and the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). With more than 200 illustrations, new highlight boxes, and tables and sidebars throughout the text, students will be able to more easily grasp the scientific concepts presented in this text. Each chapter also includes learning objectives, key terms, and key points to help readers retain the information. The text presents not only nutrition principles but also the exercise biochemistry involved and the energy needs of athletes. Readers will better understand how supplements may be used in an athlete’s diet, and they will learn how to separate fact from fallacy regarding the claims of the numerous nutritional supplements available today.

More than a simple prescription of recommendations, this second edition of Sport Nutrition features a unique presentation that facilitates readers’ understanding of the science supporting the nutrition recommendations. As a result, students will be prepared for advanced study and future careers, and professionals will gain the knowledge and confidence to provide sound advice to athletes. 

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Erik H VanIterson, M.S., M.Bio(University of Minnesota School of Kinesiology)
Description: The objectives of the first edition of this book were to provide readers a basic scientific understanding of the physiology of nutrition and its applicability to sport. This second edition stays true to those objectives while providing updates well supported by current scientific research.
Purpose: The purpose is to introduce the basic principles and fundamentals of nutrition and how they relate to sport and performance. The book is intended to help readers focus their understanding of this area on peer-reviewed scientific, research-based findings to eliminate the confusion caused by claims made by sports marketing products and sports nutritional supplement manufacturers. The authors have identified a problem in sports nutrition science and have successfully addressed it with a book supported by peer-reviewed literature and experts in the field.
Audience: The primary audience is undergraduate students interested in learning the fundamentals of sport nutrition science. However, the book is written in such a way to be useful for other allied health professionals such as coaches, personal trainers, athletes, and others interested in the science behind sports nutrition.
Features: The book is thoughtfully organized into 16 descriptive chapters, each of which successfully builds upon the preceding chapter. It introduces the basic concepts of sports nutrition and sequentially guides readers in how to apply the science to sport performance in real life. The illustrations and figures are a particularly strong addition, helping readers visualize and understand concepts.
Assessment: This is an excellent update. The expansion of the book and the addition of new information based on the latest scientific research in sports nutrition help make this book highly credible and authoritative for use as a primary learning tool in this field. The clarity of the writing and cohesiveness between text and illustrations make this an excellent choice for students, teachers, and allied health professionals.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736079624
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/31/2009
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 488
  • Sales rank: 660,326
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Asker Jeukendrup, PhD, is a professor of exercise metabolism in the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Birmingham in Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. He is an active researcher credited with many of the new findings in sport nutrition in the past decade. He is a registered sport and exercise nutritionist, having worked with many elite athletes and clubs, including the professional cycling team Rabobank, the Chelsea Football Club, UK Athletics, the British Olympic Association, African runners, and several Olympic and world champions.

Jeukendrup has published extensively in sport nutrition and was an invited delegate to the IOC Consensus Conference on Sports Nutrition in Lausanne in 2003. He is a fellow of the AmericanCollege of Sports Medicine and the EuropeanCollege of Sport Sciences, the Physiological Society, the Nutrition Society, BASES, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the American Diabetic Association. He is also the editor of the European Journal of Sport Sciences. In his leisure time, he enjoys running, cycling, and competing in triathlons. He has completed more than 17 Ironman-distance races, including the Ironman Hawaii four times.

Michael Gleeson, PhD, is a professor of exercise biochemistry in the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at LoughboroughUniversity in Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK. Gleeson is an active researcher in sport nutrition and has worked with numerous world-class athletes and professional football clubs. He has taught sport nutrition at the university level and has published extensively in scientific and medical journals. He also was an invited delegate to the IOC Consensus Conference on Sports Nutrition in Lausanne in 2003. He has a particular interest and expertise in the effects of exercise, training, and nutrition on immune function and has been both vice president and president of the International Society of Exercise and Immunology.

Gleeson is also a fellow of the EuropeanCollege of Sport Sciences and a member of the AmericanCollege of Sports Medicine, the Physiological Society, and the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. He enjoys playing tennis, hill walking, and watching football and films.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Nutrients

Function of Nutrients

Carbohydrate

Fat

Protein

Water

Vitamins, Minerals, and Trace Elements

Phytonutrients

Chapter 2. Nutrients and Recommended Intakes

Essential Nutrients

Development of Recommended Intakes

Current Recommended Intakes

Practical Guidelines for a Balanced Healthy Diet

Food Labels

Analyzing Dietary Intake

Chapter 3. Fuel Sources for Muscle and Exercise Metabolism

Subcellular Skeletal Muscle Structure

Force Generation in Skeletal Muscle

Fiber Types

Energy for Muscle Force Generation

Fuel Stores in Skeletal Muscle

Regulation of Energy Metabolism

Metabolic Responses to Exercise

Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise Training

Chapter 4. Energy

Energetic Efficiency

Measuring the Energy Content of Food

Measuring Energy Expenditure

Components of Energy Expenditure

Energy Balance

Chapter 5. Gastric Emptying, Digestion, and Absorption

Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Regulation of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Digestion

Absorption

Function of Bacteria in the Colon

Regulation of Gastric Emptying

Gastrointestinal Problems During and After Exercise

Chapter 6. Carbohydrate

History

Role of Carbohydrate

Recommendations for Carbohydrate Intake

Carbohydrate Intake Days Before Competition

Carbohydrate Intake Hours Before Exercise

Carbohydrate Intake 30 to 60 Minutes Before Exercise

Carbohydrate During Exercise

Carbohydrate After Exercise

Chapter 7. Fat

Fat Metabolism During Exercise

Limits to Fat Oxidation

Fat as a Fuel During Exercise

Regulation of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism

Fat Supplementation and Exercise

Effect of Diet on Fat Metabolism and Performance

Chapter 8. Protein and Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Techniques to Study Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism

Protein Requirements for Exercise

Training and Protein Metabolism

Effect of Protein Intake on Protein Synthesis

Amino Acids as Ergogenic Aids

Protein Intake and Health Risks

Chapter 9. Water Requirements and Fluid Balance

Thermoregulation and Exercise in the Heat

Effects of Dehydration on Exercise Performance

Mechanisms of Heat Illness

Effects of Fluid Intake on Exercise Performance

Daily Water Balance

Fluid Requirements for Athletes

Chapter 10. Vitamins and Minerals

Water-Soluble and Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Recommended Intakes of Vitamins

Macrominerals and Microminerals

Recommended Intakes of Minerals

Critical Micronutrient Functions

Assessing Micronutrient Status

Exercise and Micronutrient Requirements

Ergogenic Effect of Micronutrient Supplementation

Recommendations for Micronutrient Intake in Athletes

Chapter 11. Nutrition Supplements

Nonregulation of Nutrition Supplements

Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Supplements Studies

Androstenedione

Bee Pollen

Beta Alanine and Carnosine

Beta-Hydroxy Beta Methylbutyrate

Boron

Caffeine

L-Carnitine

Choline

Chromium

Coenzyme Q10

Creatine

Dehydroepiandrosterone

Fish Oil

Ginseng

Glycerol

Inosine

Lactate Salts and Polylactate

Lecithin

Medium-Chain Triacylglycerol

Pangamic Acid

Phosphatidylserine

Phosphorus

Pyruvate (and Dihydroxyacetone)

Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Citrate

Vanadium

Wheat Germ Oil

Contamination of Nutrition Supplements

Chapter 12. Nutrition and Training Adaptations

Training Adaptations

Signal Transduction Pathways

Starting a Signaling Cascade

Secondary Signals

Nutrition Effects on Training Adaptations

Overtraining

Chapter 13. Body Composition

Optimal Body Weight and Composition

Body Composition Models

NormalRangesof Body Weight and Body Fat

Chapter 14. Weight Management

Body Weight and Composition in Different Sports

Genetics

Energy and Macronutrient Intake

Regulation of Appetite

Effect of Exercise on Appetite

Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure

Dietary Weight-Loss Methods

Exercise for Weight Loss

Decreased Resting Metabolic Rate With Weight Loss

Weight Cycling

Gender Differences in Weight Loss

Practicalities of Weight Loss for Athletes

Defining the Strategy

Chapter 15. Eating Disorders in Athletes

Types of Eating Disorders

Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Athletes

Risk Factors

Effects of Eating Disorders on Sports Performance

Effects of Eating Disorders on the Athlete’s Health

Treatment and Prevention of Eating Disorders

Chapter 16. Nutrition and Immune Function in Athletes

Functions of the Immune System and Its Cellular Components

General Mechanism of the Immune Response

Effects of Exercise on the Immune System

Nutritional Manipulations to Decrease Immunodepression in Athletes

Mechanisms of Nutritional Influences on Immune Function in Athletes

Conclusions and Recommendations

Appendix A. Key Concepts in Biological Chemistry Relevant to Sport Nutrition

Appendix B. Unit Conversion Tables

Appendix C. Recommended Daily Allowances for North America

Appendix D. Reference Nutrient Intakes for the United Kingdom

Appendix E. Recommended Dietary Intakes for Australia

Glossary

References

Index

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