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Written in entertaining, accessible prose and illustrated with dozens of images, "Sports: The First Five Millennia" traces this evolution across continents, cultures, and historical epochs to present a single comprehensive narrative of the world's sports. Beginning with a discussion of what constitutes a sport—and what does not—he explores the vast variety of sports played by the preliterate peoples of the Americas and Africa, by the Greeks and Romans of antiquity, and in premodern China and Japan as well as in Islamic Asia and medieval Europe. These traditional sports include everything from Cherokee stickball and Chinese kite-flying to Persian wrestling and English bear-baiting.
Guttmann then turns his attention to modern sports, an invention of eighteenth-century England that spread throughout the world during the nineteenth century and became institutionalized during the twentieth. Marked by an adherence to codified rules and increasingly governed by international organizations such as the Fédération Internationale de Football Association and the International Olympic Committee, modern sports have all but displaced their traditional antecedents throughout the world. The book concludes with a look at how skateboarding, hang gliding, and other "postmodern" sports have resisted the transition from spontaneous play to institutionalized contest, only to succumb in the end to the lure of modernization.
"Allen Guttmann has consistently produced works that are at the forefront of investigations of 'sport' as an immensely significant social, cultural, and political phenomenon. 'Sports: The First Five Millennia' carries that tradition forward. With insight, thoroughness, and the remarkable range of knowledge for which he is well known, Guttmann has provided another excellent work. Of all the leading historians of sport in the world, I know of only one or two who might have come close to accomplishing what he has produced herein—and none who would have done so in such a readable manner."—Roberta J. Park, editor of "From 'Fair Sex' to Feminism: Sport and the Socialization of Women in the Industrial and Post-Industrial Eras"
Allen Guttmann teaches at Amherst College. Among his many books on the history of sports are "From Ritual to Record: The Nature of Modern Sports" (1978), "Women's Sports: A History" (1991), "Games and Empires" (1994), and "The Olympics: A History of the Modern Games"(2002).
|Introduction : rules of the game||1|
|2||Before the Greeks||12|
|3||Greek athletic festivals||17|
|5||Traditional Asian sports||39|
|6||European sports from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance||52|
|7||"Made in England" : the invention of modern sports||68|
|8||Cricket follows the flag||77|
|9||The institutionalization of modern sports in Great Britain||89|
|10||The institutionalization of modern sports in the United States||118|
|11||Latin America : the Ingleses versus the Norteamericanos||167|
|12||Continental Europe : imports and exports||180|
|14||Modern sports in Asia||206|
|15||"Our former colonial masters" : African sports||239|
|17||The modern Olympic games||259|
|18||Resistance to modern sports||273|
|19||The survival of traditional sports||285|
|21||Modern sports as a global phenomenon||307|
|Coda : postmodernism and Les Sports Californiens||323|