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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Randall W Dick, MS, FACSM (Health and Safety Sports Consultants, LLC)
Description: This is a comprehensive and high level venture into the world of methodology, study design, and statistical methods appropriate for sports injury research. Chapters are grouped into five main sections that highlight key issues and the four steps (defining the problem, establishing the etiology, developing an intervention, and evaluating the efficacy/effectiveness of the prevention) that define the sequence of injury prevention.
Purpose: The book is intended to provide a thorough epidemiological and methodological background for researchers and professionals in the field of sports medicine. These objectives are met in the breadth and detail of the information and the section organization reinforcing the injury prevention model. While much of the methodological information exists in various other resources, the value of this book is the consolidation of it all into one publication and the specific application to sports injury research.
Audience: The 16 chapters are authored by an all-star team of knowledgeable international experts primarily representing the U.S., Canada, the Netherlands, and Australia. This is not a beginner text. The authors tout it as a thorough methodological reference for researchers and professionals in sports medicine. With approximately 40 references per chapter, it easily meets that description.
Features: The material is fairly rigorous with chapters on study design and statistical methods in each of the five sections. Odds ratios and Kappa statistics share space with performing effective literature reviews and developing and evaluating injury prevention methods. The book is NOT a comprehensive or even cursory review of the literature on sports injuries. While many of the statistical analysis and study designs chapters are terse but pithy, the application to the specific nuances of sports injury research could be better emphasized. For example, there is a discussion of why bootstrapping is an option to use in sports injury data because of a lack of data independence. However, the discussion is imbedded in lengthy and visually monotonous text. I have no problem with the content, but I would have preferred a more prominent and consistent (across chapters) visual presentation of specific sports injury examples with an emphasis on why the specific methodology was appropriate for the highlighted example. Also lacking is a discussion of injury exposure and its value and challenges.
Assessment: This book is as described by the authors — a comprehensive contemporary text on methodology in sports injury research. There are relatively few recognized experts in this niche and most of them share their knowledge in this book. This is a valuable and unique resource, rich in content that should be the foundation for any researcher who has a serious interest in this topic.