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"Most of the contributions strongly project the authors' perceptions of the role of race on their subjects, and essays should elicit lively discussions in the classroom."
Frederick Douglass liked to say of West Indian boxer Peter Jackson that "Peter is doing a great deal with his fists to solve the Negro question." His comment reflects the possibilities for social transformation that he saw in the emerging modern sports culture. Indeed, as the twentieth century developed, sports have become an important cultural terrain over which various racial groups have contested, defined, and represented their racial, national, and inter-ethnic identities.
Sports Matters brings critical attention to the centrality of race within the politics and pleasures of the massive sports culture that developed in the U.S. during the past century and a half. The contributors collected here address such issues as popular representations of blacks in sports. They consider baseball—from Nisei players in Oregon to Mexican-Americans in Los Angeles. And they look at the use of warrior imagery in representations of Native American athletes and the evolution of black expressive style within basketball.
Sports Matters challenges our presumptions about sports, illuminating in the process the complexities of race and gender as they relate to popular culture.
Contributors include Amy Bass, John Bloom, Annie Gilbert Coleman, Gena Caponi, Montye Fuse, Randy Hanson, Michiko Hase, George Lipsitz, Keith Miller, Sharon O'Brien, Connie Razza, Sam Regalado, Greg Rodriguez, Julio Rodriguez, Michael Willard, and Henry Yu.
|Introduction: Out of Bounds and between the Lines: Race in Twentieth-Century American Sport||1|
|I||Sports in the Era of Segregation||11|
|1||Duke Kahanamoku's Body: Biography of Hawai'i||13|
|2||Jump for Joy: Jump Blues, Dance, and Basketball in 1930s African America||39|
|3||Baseball along the Columbia: The Nisei, Their Community, Their Sport in Northern Oregon||75|
|4||Mexican American Baseball: Masculinity, Racial Struggle, and Labor Politics in Southern California, 1930-1950||86|
|II||Sports in the Era of the Civil Rights Movement||117|
|5||Jazzing the Basepaths: Jackie Robinson and African American Aesthetics||119|
|6||The Unbearable Whiteness of Skiing||141|
|7||"We Want a Pennant, Not a White Team": How Boston's Ethnic and Racial History Shaped the Red Sox||169|
|8||Whose Broad Stripes and Bright Stars? Race, Nation, and Power at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics||185|
|9||Documenting Myth: Racial Representation in Leon Gast's When We Were Kings||209|
|III||Sports and Race in the Post-Cold War Era||223|
|10||The Silence of the Rams: How St. Louis School Children Subsidize the Super Bowl Champs||225|
|11||Warriors and Thieves: Appropriations of the Warrior Motif in Representations of Native American Athletes||246|
|12||Running with Her Head Down: Oprah Winfrey and Middle-Class Black Women's Discourses of Fitness||264|
|13||Saving Face, Place, and Race: Oscar De La Hoya and the "All-American" Dreams of U.S. Boxing||279|
|14||Race in Soccer as a Global Sport||299|
|15||Tiger Woods at the Center of History: Looking Back at the Twentieth Century through the Lenses of Race, Sports, and Mass Consumption||320|
|About the Contributors||355|