SPSS For Dummies

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Overview

Stymied by SPSS? This friendly, plain-English guide gets you up and running with the latest version of the software so that you can start performing calculations right away. It then covers all key analysis topics step by step - from cross tabulation and descriptive ratios to linear regression, hierarchical analysis, and more. You'll export data flawlessly and with flair! Discover how to: Install and run the software, Get data into and out of SPSS, Create striking charts and graphs, Execute analyses-from ...
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Overview

Stymied by SPSS? This friendly, plain-English guide gets you up and running with the latest version of the software so that you can start performing calculations right away. It then covers all key analysis topics step by step - from cross tabulation and descriptive ratios to linear regression, hierarchical analysis, and more. You'll export data flawlessly and with flair! Discover how to: Install and run the software, Get data into and out of SPSS, Create striking charts and graphs, Execute analyses-from correlations to linear models, Display data in a variety of graphs.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470113448
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 3/19/2007
  • Series: For Dummies Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Arthur Griffith is a former computer consultant for the U.S. Department of Defense. After working for 25 years as a programmer and software development project manager, he became a writer of computer books and has now written 14 of them.

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Table of Contents


Introduction     1
About This Book     1
About the Data     2
Who This Book Is For     2
How This Book Is Organized     2
The Fundamental Mechanics of SPSS     3
Getting Data into and out of SPSS     3
Graphing Data     3
Analysis     3
Programming SPSS with Command Syntax     4
Programming SPSS with Python and Scripts     4
The Part of Tens     4
Icons Used in This Book     4
Where to Go from Here     5
The fundamental Mechanics of SPSS     7
Introducing SPSS     9
Garbage In, Garbage Out     9
From Whence SPSS?     10
The Four Ways to Talk to SPSS     11
The Things You Can and Cannot Do with SPSS     12
How SPSS Works     12
All the Strange Words     14
All Those Files     14
Where to Get Help When You Need It     15
Your Most Valuable Possession     16
You Can Dive As Deep As You Want to Go     16
Installing and Running the Software     17
Getting SPSS into Your Computer     17
The things you need     18
Cranking up the installer     18
The SPSS installation sequence     19
Registration     25
Starting SPSS     26
The Default Settings and What They Can Become     27
General options     28
Viewer options     29
Draft viewer options     31
Labeling output     32
Chart options     33
Interactive chart options     34
Pivot table options     35
A few data-handling options     36
Currency formats     37
Scripts options     39
A Simple Statistical Analysis Example     41
When the Tanana at Nenana Thaws     41
Entering the Data     42
The data definitions     42
The actual data     46
The Most Likely Hour     49
Transforming Data     51
The Two Kinds of Numbers     54
The Day It Is Most Likely to Happen     56
Getting Data into and out of SPSS     59
Entering Data from the Keyboard     61
The Variable View is for Entering Variable Definitions     61
Name     62
Type     63
Width      66
Decimals     66
Label     66
Value     67
Missing     68
Columns     69
Align     69
Measure     69
The Data View Is for Entering and Viewing Data Items     71
Filling In Missed Categorical Values     72
Reading and Writing Files     75
The SPSS File Format     75
Formatting a Text File for Input into SPSS     76
Reading Simple Data from a Text File     76
Transferring Data from Another Program     84
Reading from an unknown program type     85
Reading an Excel file     85
Reading from a known program type     87
Saving Data and Images     88
Data and Data Types     91
Dates and Times     91
Time Schedule     94
Creating a Multiple Response Set     96
Copying Data Properties     99
Messing with the Data After It's in There     103
Sorting Cases     103
Using an ID to Identify Cases     106
Counting Case Occurrences     107
Recoding Variables     111
Same-variable recoding      111
Different variable recoding     113
Automatic recoding     115
Binning     117
Getting Data out of SPSS     123
Printing     123
Exporting to a Database     124
Using SPSS Viewer     124
Creating an HTML Web page file     126
Creating a text file     127
Creating an Excel file     129
Creating a Word document file     130
Creating a PowerPoint slide document     132
Creating a PDF document     133
Graphing Data     137
Fundamentals of Graphing     139
Building Graphs the Easy Way     140
Gallery tab     140
Basic Elements tab     142
Groups/Point ID tab     145
Titles and footnotes tab     146
Element Properties dialog box     146
Options     151
Building Graphs the Fast Way     152
Building Graphs the Old-Fashioned Way     153
Editing a Graph     154
Some Types of Graphs     157
Line Chart     157
Simple line chart     158
A chart with multiple lines     159
Scatterplots      160
A simple scatterplot     160
Scatterplot showing multiple variables     162
Three-dimensional scatterplot     163
Dot plot     164
Scatterplot matrix     165
Drop-line chart     165
Bar Graphs     167
Simple bar graph     167
Clustered bar chart     168
Stacked bar chart     169
Three-dimensional bar chart     171
Error bars     172
More Types of Graphs     175
Histograms     175
Simple histogram     176
Stacked histogram     177
Frequency polygon     178
Population pyramid     179
Area Graphs     180
Simple area graph     181
Stacked area chart     182
Pie Charts     183
Boxplots     184
Simple boxplot     184
Clustered boxplot     185
One-dimensional boxplot     186
High-Low Graphs     188
High-low close     188
Simple range bar     188
Differenced area     190
Dual-Axis Graphs     191
Dual Y-axes with categorical X-axis      191
Dual Y-axes with scale X-axis     192
Maps     195
Relating Geography and Data     195
Range of Values     198
Dot Density     200
Graduated Symbol     202
Individual Values     205
Bar Charts     207
Multiple Themes     209
Analysis     211
Executing an Analysis     213
Report Generation     213
Processing summaries     214
Case summaries     214
Summaries in rows     217
Summaries in columns     221
OLAP cubes     223
Pivot Tables     226
Some Analysis Examples     229
Comparison of Means     229
Simple mean compare     230
One-sample T test     231
Independent-samples T test     232
Paired-samples T test     233
One-way ANOVA     233
Linear model     234
One variable     234
More than one variable     235
Correlation     237
Bivariate     237
Partial correlation     238
Regression      239
Linear     239
Curve estimation     240
Log Linear     242
Programming SPSS with Command Syntax     215
The Command Syntax Language     247
Commands     247
Keywords     248
Variables and Constants     248
Data Declaration     249
Comments     250
The Execution of Commands     251
Flow Control and Conditional Execution     252
IF     252
DO IF     254
SELECT IF     254
DO REPEAT     254
LOOP     255
BREAK     256
Files     256
GET     257
IMPORT     257
SAVE     258
EXPORT     258
Command Syntax Language Examples     259
Writing a Syntax Command Program     259
Saving and Restoring Programs     261
Adding a Syntax Program to the Menu     261
Doing Several Things at Once     265
Graphing P-P and Q-Q Plots     266
Splitting Cases     267
Examining Data     269
Programming SPSS with Python and Scripts     271
The Python Programming Language     273
You Type It In and Python Does It     273
The Way Python Does Arithmetic     274
The Way Python Handles Words     276
The Way Python Handles Lists     280
Making Functions     281
Asking Questions with if     283
Doing It Over Again with for and while     285
Python inside SPSS     289
Installing Python for SPSS     289
A Language inside a Language     294
Finding out about modules     295
Installing more modules     296
Multiple Commands with One Submit     296
Working with SPSS Variables     297
Accessing SPSS from Outside     298
Scripts     299
Picking Up BASIC     299
Scripting Fundamentals     300
Software classes, objects, and references     300
The classes of SPSS     301
Properties and methods     302
Creating a New Script     304
Global Procedures     305
Automatic Scripts     305
The Part of Tens     301
Ten Modules You Can Add to SPSS     309
Geoset Manager     309
Amos      310
Missing Value Analysis     310
Regression Models     311
Advanced Multivariate Models     311
Exact Tests     312
SPSS Categories     312
SPSS Trends     313
SPSS Map     313
SPSS Complex Samples     314
Ten Useful Things You Can Find on the Internet     315
SPSS Humor     316
The SPSS Home Page     316
SPSS Developer Center     316
User Groups     317
Mailing Lists and News Groups     317
Python Programming     318
Script and Syntax Programming     319
Tutorials for SPSS and Statistics     319
SPSS Wiki     321
PSPP, a Free SPSS     321
Glossary     323
Index     331
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