Staffing Organizations Contemporary Practice and Theory, Third Edition / Edition 3

Staffing Organizations Contemporary Practice and Theory, Third Edition / Edition 3

by Robert E. Ployhart, Benjamin Schneider, Neal Schmitt
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0805855807

ISBN-13: 9780805855807

Pub. Date: 03/30/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Staffing Organizations: Contemporary Practice and Theory, the new 3rd edition of a classic in the field, shows how organizations of all sizes can use effective staffing procedures as a source of sustained competitive advantage. Practically, the book shows how to choose, develop, and administer effective staffing procedures, including conducting job analyses, defining

Overview

Staffing Organizations: Contemporary Practice and Theory, the new 3rd edition of a classic in the field, shows how organizations of all sizes can use effective staffing procedures as a source of sustained competitive advantage. Practically, the book shows how to choose, develop, and administer effective staffing procedures, including conducting job analyses, defining and measuring job performance, identifying predictors of performance that are both valid and legally defensible, and using this information to make sound hiring decisions. All three authors are active practitioners and recommendations based on their experiences are interwoven throughout the chapters. The authors are also grounded in a scientific, conceptual perspective that informs what they say and do in the staffing area. They review cutting-edge theory and research in diverse areas of importance to the practice of staffing, and identify scientific advances as well as areas that should be informed by additional research. Examples of such cutting-edge issues include: multilevel staffing models linking individual, group, and organizational levels, comprehensive consideration of diversity and cross-cultural challenges, the opportunities and challenges of the use of information technology in staffing, the legal, professional, and ethical challenges facing staffing practitioners, modern statistical approaches (e.g., structural equation modeling, item response theory, hierarchical linear modeling), integrated models of staffing predictors and frameworks for understanding predictor and criterion spaces. Each chapter contains real-world examples and illustrations, a discussion of best practices, practical recommendations, anddirections for future research. In doing so, Staffing Organizations: Contemporary Practice and Theory is a modern version of a genuine classic.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780805855807
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
03/30/2006
Series:
Applied Psychology Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
688
Sales rank:
436,683
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.40(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Series Foreword     xi
Preface     xv
Introduction     1
Aims of the Chapter     1
Staffing Organizations Defined     1
A Focus on the Changing Nature of Work     2
A Focus on Individual Differences     9
A Focus on the Work and Work Environment     16
A Focus on How Staffing Contributes to Organizational Effectiveness     23
A Focus on the Influence of Federal Employment Legislation and Court Cases     25
Summary     28
Measurement Concepts and Data Analytic Tools     33
Background     33
Aims of the Chapter     35
Nature of Measurement     37
Manifest and Latent Variables     42
Summarizing Measurements of Individual Differences     43
Covariation     49
The Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient (r)     54
Predictions Based on Correlation     61
Predictions Using Multiple Predictors     66
Reliability     71
Validity     77
Moderated Regression     78
Structural Equation Modeling     81
Hierarchical Linear Modeling     87
Item Response Theory     90
Summary     97
Job Analysis     100
Aims of the Chapter     100
Job Analysis is the Foundation of Staffing     104
The Larger Environment     106
Historical Perspectives on Job Analysis     113
Modern Perspectives on Jobs and Job Specifications     119
Current Challenges for Job Analysis     131
Summary     147
Performance and Criterion Development     151
Aims of the Chapter     151
The Importance of Organizational Context and Goals     153
Criteria Defined     156
Models of the Job Performance Domain     160
Desirable Aspects of Criteria     165
Objective Criterion Measures     170
Judgmental Criterion Measures     178
A Comparison of Objective and Judgmental Criteria     194
Criterion Measurement Considerations     195
Current Challenges for Performance and Criterion Development     205
Summary     224
Recruitment: Retention and Attraction     237
Aims of the Chapter     237
Internal Recruitment     239
External Recruitment     261
Current Challenges for Internal and External Recruitment      288
Summary     293
Validation Strategies and Utility     300
Aims of the Chapter     300
Approaches to Validation     302
Validity Based on Test Content     313
Validity Based on the Theoretical Meaningfulness of Tests     319
Validity Based on the Consequences of Testing     339
Test Utility     344
Summary     359
Hiring Procedures: An Overview     365
Aims of the Chapter     365
Predictors: A General Definition     366
A Model of the Predictor-Response Process     367
The Structure and Function of the Predictor Domain     370
Evaluating the Adequacy of Predictors     379
Use of Predictors in Staffing Practice     385
Current Issues in Predictor Development     389
Summary     397
Hiring Procedures I: Cognitive Ability and Certification Exams     402
Aims of the Chapter     402
Paper-and-Pencil Tests of General Ability     402
Racial Subgroup Differences and Cognitive Ability     416
Licensure and Certification Exams     426
Summary     429
Hiring Procedures II: Personality Tests, Affective Measures, Interests, and Biodata     434
Aims of the Chapter     434
Personality and Personality Tests     436
Interests and Interest Testing     469
Biographical Data     476
Summary     484
Hiring Procedures III: Interviews, Performance-Based Tests, Simulations, and Physical Ability     491
Aims of the Chapter     491
Interviews     492
Performance-Based and Simulation Testing     510
Physical Ability Testing     542
Summary     550
The Practice of Staffing: Legal, Professional, and Ethical Concerns     559
Aims of the Chapter     559
A Tripartite View of Staffing Practice     560
Legal Issues     562
Professional Standards     576
Ethical Considerations     581
Current Issues in Staffing Practice     582
Summary     590
Staffing Organizations: Review and Implications     592
Aims of the Chapter     592
Effective Staffing: Emphasizing Some Key Points     595
Recommendations for Practical Staffing Problems     596
Speculation on the Future Innovations in Staffing     610
Implications for the Job Seeker      614
Summary     619
Author Index     623
Subject Index     637

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