Standards Policy for Information Infrastructure

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Although there are many competing visions of information infrastructure,there is universal agreement that standards will play a critical role. The history of OSI, the Internet, and industry consortia shows that standards development has become a rich, multifaceted process, critically linked to market strategy and major issues of public policy.The thirty-three contributions to this book present a comprehensive picture of the state of the art in standards development for information technology and the options for federal policy. The book includes both independent analysis and the perspectives of major stakeholders and other interested parties — such as AT&T, the American National Standards Institute, the European Commission, and the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.A Publication of the Information Infrastructure Project at Harvard University

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Brian Kahin is Senior Fellow at the Computer & Communications Industry Association in Washington, DC. He is also Research Investigator and Adjunct Professor at the University of Michigan School of Information and a special advisor to the Provost's Office. He is a coeditor of Transforming Enterprise (MIT Press, 2004) and many other books.

Janet Abbate is Associate Professor of Science, Technology, and Society at Virginia Tech and the author of Inventing the Internet (MIT Press, 1999).

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Table of Contents

Standards Processes and Objectives for the National Information Infrastructure 3
Standards: The Rough Road to the Common Byte 35
A Five-Segment Model for Standardization 79
Information Infrastructure Meta-Architecture and Cross-Industry Standardization 100
Compatibility Standards and Interoperability: Lessons from the Internet 121
Information Infrastructure Standards in Heterogeneous Sectors: Lessons from the Worldwide Air Cargo Community 148
Open Systems Standards in Manufacturing: Implications for the National Information Infrastructure 178
Standards Development for Information Technology: Best Practices for the United States 198
Improving the Standardization Process: Working with Bulldogs and Turtles 220
When Are Standards Too Much of a Good Thing? Will They Provide Interoperability for the National Information Infrastructure? 253
The Government's Role in the HDTV Standards Process: Model or Aberration? 276
Financing the Standards Development Process 289
Consortia and the Role of the Government in Standard Setting 321
Competing Definitions of "Openness" on the NII 351
Arguments for Weaker Intellectual Property Protection in Network Industries 368
Telecommunications Standardization and Intellectual Property Rights: A Fundamental Dilemma? 378
Interoperability and Intellectual Property 405
The Standards Development Process and the NII: A View From the Trenches 410
The Current Debate on IT Standardization Policy in the European Union 421
Excerpts from Realizing the Information Future: The Internet and Beyond 430
Multimedia Standards Development Issues 440
Intellectual Property Rights and High Technology Standards 450
Information Technology Standardization and Users: International Challenges Move the Process Forward 455
The Global Standards Process: A Balance of the Old and the New 466
Standards and the Information Infrastructure 487
Standards for the Information Infrastructure: Barriers and Obstacles 502
The Role of ANSI in Standards Development for the Information Infrastructure 516
The Role of Standards in the Defense Information Infrastructure 531
Standardization and Conformity Assessment in Telecommunications and Information Technology 556
Do We Need a New Standards System? 564
Defining the U.S. Telecommunications Network of the Future 579
Today's Cooperative Competitive Standards Environment and the Internet Standards-Making Model 594
Interoperability and Standards in the NII: The Infrastructure's "Infrastructure" 601
OMG: Building Industry Consensus 610
Glossary of Acronyms 617
Contributors 625
Index 631
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