State and Local Politics: Government by the People / Edition 12

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Updated in a new 15th edition, State and Local Politics: Government by the People, is the most authoritative book for state and local politics. It continually sets the standards for other state and local politics books by anticipating readers' needs. Known for its esteemed author team who treat each new edition as a fresh challenge, State and Local Politics: Government by the People is the perfect text for understanding how America's state and local political systems work.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131992313
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 2/7/2006
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 12
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 7.04 (w) x 9.16 (h) x 0.38 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface     viii
State and Local Politics     1
Who Has the Power?     2
The Stakes in the Political Struggle     4
The Changing Face of American Politics: The Growing Diversity of State Populations     8
Participation Patterns in Small and Medium-Sized Cities     8
History Makers: De Witt Clinton     11
Challenges for State and Local Governments     12
Summary     14
Further Reading     14
Key Terms     14
American Federalism     15
Defining Federalism     17
The Constitutional Structure of American Federalism     21
The Changing Face of American Politics: Immigrants and Federal, State, and Local Responses     22
The Role of the Federal Courts: Umpires of Federalism     29
How Other Nations Govern: Different Visions of Federalism     30
Regulatory Federalism: Grants, Mandates, and New Techniques of Control     34
History Makers: Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist     35
The Politics of Federalism     38
The Future of Federalism     40
Summary     41
Further Reading     42
Key Terms     42
State Constitutions     43
The Roots of State Constitutions     44
Amending State Constitutions     48
The Changing Face of American Politics: Affirmative Action in the 2006 Congressional Elections     49
History Makers: John Adams     52
The Politics of Constitutional Revision     53
The Future for State Constitutions     56
Summary     57
Further Reading     57
Key Terms     58
Parties and Elections in the States     59
Electoral Politics in the States and Localities     60
The Changing Face of American Politics: A Demographic Profile of Local Government Officials     61
The Role of Political Parties     62
Party Balance and Imbalance     71
Elections at the State and Local Levels     72
The Future of Grassroots Democracy     77
History Makers: Hiram Johnson and Direct Legislation     78
Summary     79
Further Reading     80
Key Terms     80
State Legislatures     81
The Legislative Branch     82
The Changing Face of American Politics: Women in the Statehouse     87
History Makers: Jesse Unruh     90
Modernization and Reform      95
The Politics of Drawing Legislative District Lines     97
Direct Legislation: Policy Making by the People?     100
The Debate Over Direct Democracy     103
Summary     105
Further Reading     106
Key Terms     107
State Governors     108
Rising Expectations for Governors     109
Becoming and Remaining Governor     109
The Changing Face of American Politics: Women Governors     110
A Governor's Formal Powers     113
Managing the State     122
Other Statewide Elected Officials     124
History Makers: George Wallace     127
The Rewards of Being a Governor     128
Summary     128
Further Reading     129
Key Terms     130
Judges and Justice in the States     131
The Structure of State Courts     132
History Makers: Judith S. Kaye     134
How Judges Are Chosen     135
The Changing Face of American Politics: Women and Minorities on State Supreme Courts     139
The Judicial Reform Movement     141
The Justice System     142
Courts in Crisis     148
Summary      148
Further Reading     149
Key Terms     150
Local Governments and Metropolitics     151
The Nature of State and Local Relations     152
Counties in the United States     153
Towns and Suburbs     156
City Government Today     158
The Changing Face of American Politics: City Councils Are Becoming More Diverse     162
The Role of the Mayor     163
History Makers: Harold Washington     164
Who Influences Local Policy Making?     165
The Central City and Its Politics     166
Meeting the Challenges of Growth and Economic Development     168
The Politics of Metropolitan Reorganization     172
Summary     173
Further Reading     174
Key Terms     175
Making State and Local Policy     176
Public Education     176
The Changing Face of American Politics: Teachers in the Classroom     179
Higher Education     184
Social Services     185
History Makers: Jane Addams     187
Law Enforcement     191
Planning the Urban Community     192
Regulation     197
The Importance of State and Local Policy     200
Summary     200
Further Reading     202
Key Terms     202
Staffing and Financing State and Local Governments     203
The Role of Public Employees     204
The Changing Face of American Politics: The State and Local Workforce     205
Paying for State and Local Government     208
History Makers: Robert Moses     215
Intergovernmental Competition     219
Assessing State and Local Performance     220
Summary     221
Further Reading     222
Key Terms     222
Glossary     223
Notes     227
Index     251
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