State And Society In The Dominican Republic / Edition 1

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Overview


This book offers an analysis of the formation of the Dominican state and explores the development of state-society relations since the late nineteenth century. Emelio Betances argues that the groundwork for the establishment of a modern state was laid during the regimes of Ulises Heureaux and Ramón Cáceres. The U.S. military government that followed later expanded and strengthened political and administrative centralization. Between 1886 and 1924, these administrations opened the sugar industry to foreign capital investment, integrated Dominican finance into the international credit system, and expanded the role of the military. State expansion, however, was not accompanied by a strengthening of the social and economic base of national elites. Betances suggests that the imbalance between a strong state and a weak civil society provided the structural framework for the emergence in 1930 of the long-lived Trujillo dictatorship.Examining the links between Trujillo and current caudillo Joaquín Balaguer, the author traces continuities and discontinuities in economic and political development through a study of import substitution programs, the reemergence of new economic groups, and the use of the military to counter threats to the status quo. Finally, he explores the impact of foreign intervention and socioeconomic change on the process of state and class formation since 1961.

"Cogent analysis of rulership in the Dominican Republic that offers historical backdrop of political rule, and examines the structural-functional aspects of governance, political economy of State power, and role of domestic and foreign actors in contemporary political development of the nation"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813386829
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/1995
  • Series: Latin American Perspectives Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 184
  • Lexile: 1370L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 0.42 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author


Emelio Betances is associate professor of sociology and Latin American studies at Gettysburg College.
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Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives 1
1 Nineteenth-Century Regionalism, Political Struggle, and State Formation 9
2 Capitalist Agriculture and Class-State Formation at the Turn of the Century 23
3 Merchants and the Integration of the State into the International Credit System 41
4 The Beginnings of the Modern Dominican State 57
5 State Formation and the U.S. Military Occupation 77
6 Class and State Formation Under Trujillo 95
7 Consolidation of the Modern State, Class Formation, and Capitalist Restructuring 113
8 State and Class Formation in the Dominican Republic: Some Conclusions 135
Bibliography 141
About the Book and Author 151
Index 153
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