State, Labor, and the Transition to a Market Economy: Egypt, Poland, Mexico, and the Czech Republic

State, Labor, and the Transition to a Market Economy: Egypt, Poland, Mexico, and the Czech Republic

by Agnieszka Paczynska
     
 

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ISBN-10: 027103436X

ISBN-13: 9780271034362

Pub. Date: 04/01/2009

Publisher: Penn State University Press

In response to mounting debt crises and macroeconomic instability in the 1980s, many countries in the developing world adopted neoliberal policies promoting the unfettered play of market forces and deregulation of the economy and attempted large-scale structural adjustment, including the privatization of public-sector industries. How much influence did various

Overview

In response to mounting debt crises and macroeconomic instability in the 1980s, many countries in the developing world adopted neoliberal policies promoting the unfettered play of market forces and deregulation of the economy and attempted large-scale structural adjustment, including the privatization of public-sector industries. How much influence did various societal groups have on this transition to a market economy, and what explains the variances in interest-group influence across countries?

In this book, Agnieszka Paczyńska explores these questions by studying the role of organized labor in the transition process in four countries in different regions—the Czech Republic and Poland in eastern Europe, Egypt in the Middle East, and Mexico in Latin America. In Egypt and Poland, she shows, labor had substantial influence on the process, whereas in the Czech Republic and Mexico it did not. Her explanation highlights the complex relationship between institutional structures and the “critical junctures” provided by economic crises, revealing that the ability of groups like organized labor to wield influence on reform efforts depends to a great extent on not only their current resources (such as financial autonomy and legal prerogatives) but also the historical legacies of their past ties to the state.

This new edition features an epilogue that analyzes the role of organized labor uprisings in 2011, the protests in Egypt, the overthrow of Mubarak, and the post-Mubarak regime.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780271034362
Publisher:
Penn State University Press
Publication date:
04/01/2009
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Tables

Acknowledgments

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

1 Parties, Unions, and Economic Reforms

2 Ruling Parties, Organized Labor, and Transitions to Democracy: Poland and Czechoslovakia

3 Ruling Parties, Organized Labor, and Continued Authoritarianism: Egypt and Mexico

4 Labor and Privatization in Poland

5 Labor and Privatization in Egypt

6 Labor and Privatization in the Czech Republic and Mexico

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

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