The State of the European Union Volume 8: Making History

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Fifty years ago, the leaders of six European states signed the Treaty of Rome, creating the European Economic Community and launching the process of European integration. From that starting point evolved today's European Union (EU), the most successful example of institutionalized political cooperation in history. The EU now encompasses a much broader array of responsibilities than originally planned, its membership has widened to 27 countries, and its legislation and jurisprudence has come to supersede national law. Contestation has accompanied success, however, and the intense debate in many European countries over the EU Constitution throughout the course of 2005 revealed deep divisions between and within European countries around issues such as EU institutions, the elusive European identity, a European economic malaise, and the role of the EU as a world power. Was the constitutional crisis a turning point for European integration? This volume argues that the EU today may be at a crossroads-not because of the failed referenda but rather because of the unresolved tensions in European governance not banished with the referenda's defeat. Meunier and McNamara's collection is the first to comprehensively examine these challenging issues using the tools of historical institutionalism to analyze the past and future political and institutional trajectory of the European Union across a wide variety of policy areas. Together, the volume's authors provide a remarkably coherent theoretical approach to the key questions facing Europe, drawing a portrait of the EU today that reveals a robust, but not invulnerable, set of institutions and practices.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199218684
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 7/19/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Sophie Meunier is a Research Scholar in Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. She is the author of Trading Voices: The European Union in International Commercial Negotiations (Princeton University Press, August 2005) and The French Challenge: Adapting to Globalization .htm (with Philip Gordon, Brookings Institution Press, December 2001), winner of the 2002 France-Ameriques book award Meunier has published many articles on the European Union, the politics of international trade, globalization, and French politics. Her current research focuses on anti-Americanism in France, the complex links between Europeanization and globalization, and the nesting/overlapping of international institutions.
Kathleen McNamara is Associate Professor of Government and International Affairs at Georgetown University. She is the author of The Currency of Ideas: Monetary Politics in the European Union (Cornell University Press, 1998) and articles on the social embeddedness of the economy, central banking, and globalization. Her current research compares the creation of political authority in the European Union to the historical experience of nation-states. Dr. McNamara previously taught at Princeton University, has been a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation, a German Marshall Fund Fellow, a Fulbright Fellow, and a Visiting Professor at Sciences Po (Paris).

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Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

List of Tables x

List of Abbreviations xi

List of Contributors xiii

1 Making History: European Integration and Institutional Change at Fifty Sophie Meunier Kathleen R. McNamara 1

I The Past and Future of European Institutional Integration

2 The European Constitutional Settlement Andrew Moravcsik 23

3 Built to Last? The Durability of EU Federalism R. Daniel Kelemen 51

4 Informal Decision-Making in the Council: The Secret of the EU's Success? Dorothee Heisenberg 67

5 The Theory and Reality of the European Coal and Steel Community Karen J. Alter David Steinberg 89

6 Historical Institutionalism and the EU's Eastward Enlargement Milada Anna Vachudova 105

II The Politics of Markets

7 Protecting Privacy in Europe: Administrative Feedbacks and Regional Politics Abraham Newman 123

8 Financial Transformation in the European Union Elliot Posner 139

9 The European Company Statute and the Governance Dilemma Orfeo Fioretos 157

10 The Politics of Competition and Institutional Change in European Union: The First Fifty Years Tim Buthe 175

11 A Historical Institutionalist Analysis of the Road to Economic and Monetary Union: A Journey with Many Crossroads Amy Verdun 195

III Law and Society

12 The Constitutionalization of the European Union: Explaining the Parliamentarization and Institutionalization of Human Rights Berthold Rittberger Frank Schimmelfennig 213

13 The Evolution of EU Citizenship Willem Maas 231

14 EU Social Policy, or, How Far Up Do You Like Your Safety Net? Ailish Johnson 247

IV The EU as a Sovereign State in World Politics

15 Understanding the European Union as a Global Political Actor: Theory,Practice, and Impact Roy H. Ginsberg Michael E. Smith 267

16 Trade and Transatlantic Relations: Old Dogs and New Tricks John Peterson Alasdair R. Young 283

17 From EU Model to External Policy? Promoting Regional Integration in the Rest of the World Mary Farrell 299

Bibliography 317

Index 355

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