States' Rights and American Federalism: A Documentary History / Edition 1

States' Rights and American Federalism: A Documentary History / Edition 1

by Frederick D. Drake, Lynn Nelson

ISBN-10: 0313305730

ISBN-13: 9780313305733

Pub. Date: 12/15/1999

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

The debate over states' rights versus federalism in America is one that has raged since our country's founding. Arguments over the interpretation of the Constitution and the meaning of power and its distribution among the states' governments echoes in governmental chambers even today. Students can trace the history and development of issues surrounding this debate,

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The debate over states' rights versus federalism in America is one that has raged since our country's founding. Arguments over the interpretation of the Constitution and the meaning of power and its distribution among the states' governments echoes in governmental chambers even today. Students can trace the history and development of issues surrounding this debate, as well as the reactions to them, through this unique and comprehensive collection of over 65 primary documents. Court cases, opinion pieces, speeches and many other documents bring to life the controversies surrounding the debate. Explanatory introductions to documents aid users in understanding the various arguments put forth in deliberations over different governmental matters, while illuminating the significance of each document.

Drake and Nelson trace the origins and changes in the nature of states' rights and American federalism using carefully chosen documents to reflect the fact that the tension and interaction between the states' governments and the national government define the ideals and provide the means for realistic achievement of these ideals. Documents can be easily accessed through five different sections, each section exploring a specific period in history and contributing to the understanding of the debate. The introductory and explanatory text help readers understand the nature of the conflicts, the issues being contested, the social and cultural pressures that shaped each debate, and the manner in which the passions of individual government officials, justices, and our presidents affected the development of policies concerning states' rights and federalism.

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Product Details

ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
Primary Documents in American History and Contemporary Issues Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.63(d)
1410L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword
Chronology of Key Events in States' Rights and American Federalism
Pt. IStates' Rights and American Federalism in the American Founding Era, 1620-17891
Document 1The Mayflower Compact, 162012
Document 2The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 163913
Document 3Organization of the Government of Rhode Island, March 16-19, 164216
Document 4On Liberty, 164517
Document 5Penn's Plan of Union, 169719
Document 6Albany Plan of Union, 175421
Document 7Declarations of the Stamp Act Congress, October 2, 176523
Document 8From a Farmer in Pennsylvania to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, Letter II, 176724
Document 9Thoughts on Government, Letter of John Adams, January 177626
Document 10Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America, July 177631
Document 11In Defense of State Sovereignty, Thomas Burke, 177735
Document 12James Madison's "Vices of the Political System," April 178737
Document 13The Virginia Plan Presented to the Federal Convention, May 29, 178744
Document 14John Dickinson of Delaware on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention, June 7, 178746
Document 15The New Jersey Plan Presented to the Federal Convention, June 15, 178748
Document 16James Madison of Virginia Compares the Virginia and New Jersey Plans at the Constitutional Convention, June 19, 178750
Document 17James Wilson of Pennsylvania on Federalism at the Constitutional Convention, June 25, 178753
Document 18The Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 178755
Document 19Federalist Number 10, Publius and the Extended Republic, November 22, 178759
Document 20Agrippa Writes a Letter to the People in Opposition to an Extended Republic and the Constitution of the United States, December 3, 178765
Pt. IIFederalism and the Meaning of the Tenth Amendment, 1789-183567
Document 21George Mason's Objections to the Proposed Constitution, October 1, 178773
Document 22James Madison's Proposal to Congress for a Bill of Rights, June 8, 178974
Document 23The Sedition Act, July 14, 179879
Document 24The Kentucky Resolutions, November 16, 179881
Document 25United States v. Peters, 180986
Document 26Report and Resolutions of the Hartford Convention, January 181589
Document 27Barron v. Baltimore (1833)91
Pt. IIIStates' Rights in the Antebellum Period and the Civil War, 1828-186595
Document 28Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable, January 1830101
Document 29John C. Calhoun's Fort Hill Address, 1831104
Document 30John C. Calhoun against the Force Bill, February 15, 1833105
Document 31Andrew Jackson's Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1833107
Document 32Abraham Lincoln's Address before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois, January 27, 1838109
Document 33The Seventh of March Speech: Daniel Webster and the Compromise of 1850112
Document 34John C. Calhoun, the Compromise of 1850, and State Autonomy, First Session of Congress, 1850114
Document 35William H. Seward, the Compromise of 1850, and an Appeal to a Higher Law, First Session of Congress, 1850118
Document 36William H. Seward and the Declaration of Independence: An Appeal to Higher Law, 1856121
Document 37Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857): Roger B. Taney and States' Rights123
Document 38James Buchanan's Fourth Annual Message: States and Withdrawal from the Union, December 3, 1860125
Document 39Resolutions of Secession: Mississippi (January 11, 1861), South Carolina (December 20, 1860), and Virginia (April 17, 1861)127
Document 40Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861132
Document 41The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863135
Pt. IVChanges Involving States' Rights and Federalism from the Civil War to the New Deal, 1865-1940139
Document 42Women's Suffrage Petition to Congress, December 1871147
Document 43Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895149
Document 44An Episcopal Priest Challenges Enforcement of the Fourteenth Amendment, 1905151
Document 45Theodore Roosevelt on Lincoln and the Race Problem, February 13, 1905155
Document 46Elihu Root Calls for the Preservation of Local Self-Government of the States, December 12, 1906157
Document 47Wilson Rejects the Old Ideal of Limited Government, October 30, 1909159
Document 48Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom Changes the Old Order, 1913160
Document 49Kate Gordon's Letter to the Governors of the Southern States, 1913162
Document 50Petition from Women Voters, Anti-Suffrage Party of New York, 1917163
Document 51State of Tennessee Approves Nineteenth Amendment, August 1920164
Document 52President Calvin Coolidge on the Responsibilities of the States, May 30, 1925165
Document 53President Calvin Coolidge's Fourth Annual State of the Union Message, December 7, 1926166
Document 54Herbert C. Hoover's Fourth Annual State of the Union Message, December 6, 1932167
Document 55FDR's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933169
Pt. VStates' Rights and American Federalism from the New Deal to the Present, 1940-1999173
Document 56Governor Fielding Wright of Mississippi, Statement to Democratic Party Leaders, January 1948181
Document 57The Civil Rights Message of Harry S. Truman to the U.S. Congress, February 2, 1948185
Document 58Governor J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina Speaks to Southern Governors, February 7, 1948190
Document 59States' Rights Platform of 1948, Southern Democratic Convention, Birmingham, Alabama, July 17, 1948193
Document 60Eisenhower's First Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union, February 2, 1953196
Document 61President Eisenhower Writes South Carolina Governor James F. Byrnes, August 14, 1953197
Document 62Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)199
Document 63The Southern Manifesto, 1956203
Document 64President Johnson Urges Enactment of the Voting Rights Act of 1965205
Document 65U.S. Commissioner of Education Harold Howe II on the Relationship of the Federal Government to State and Local Education, December 17, 1966206
Document 66A Journalist Reports on the Effects of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, January 12, 1967207
Document 67Press Interview with George Wallace, 1968208
Document 68Reagan Resurrects States' Rights, January 1981211
Document 69Contract with America, 1994213
Document 70The Devolution Tortoise and the Centralization Hare: The Slow Process in Down-Sizing Big Government, 1998216
Document 71U.S. Supreme Court Expands States' Rights218
Document 72Minority Opinion Challenges State Immunity from Law Suit221
Pt. VIConclusion223

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