Statistical Science in the Courtroom / Edition 1

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Overview

Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially that of a probabilistic nature, has also occurred in England, Australia and in several European countries.

Statistical Science in the Courtroom is a collection of articles written by statisticians and legal scholars who have been concerned with problems arising in the use of statistical evidence. A number of articles describe DNA evidence and the difficulties of properly calculating the probability that a random individual's profile would "match" that of the evidence as well as the proper way to intrepret the result.

In addition to the technical issues, several authors tell about their experiences in court. A few have become disenchanted with their involvement and describe the events that led them to devote less time to this application. Other articles describe the role of statistical evidence in cases concerning discrimination against minorities, product liability, environmental regulation, the appropriateness and fairness of sentences and how being involved in legal statistics has raised interesting statistical problems requiring further research.

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Editorial Reviews

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TECHNOMETRICS

"Any statistician and probably most lawyers can pick this book up and find it both enjoyable and valuable to read. It is certainly the best available tool to support either group in the effective use of expert witness testimony from statisticians in the courtroom."

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Contributors
Interpretation of Evidence, and Sample Size Determination 1
Statistical Issues in the Application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines in Drug, Pornography, and Fraud Cases 25
Interpreting DNA evidence: Can Probability Theory Help? 51
Statistics, Litigation, and Conduct Unbecoming 71
The Consequences of Defending DNA Statistics 87
DNA Statistics Under Trial in the Australian Adversarial System 99
A Likelihood Approach to DNA Evidence 125
The Choice of Hypotheses in the Evaluation of DNA Profile Evidence 143
On the Evolution of Analytical Proof, Statistics, and the Use of Experts in EEO Litigation 161
A Connecticut Jury Array Challenge 195
Issues arising in the Use of Statistical Evidence in Discrimination Cases 227
Statistical Consulting in the Legal Environment 245
Epidemiological Causation in the Legal Context: Substance and Procedures 263
Judicial Review of Statistical Analyses in Environmental Rulemakings 281
Statistical Testimony on Damages in Minnesota v. Tobacco Industry 303
Statistical Issues in the Estimation of the Causal Effects of Smoking Due to the Conduct of the Tobacco Industry 321
Forensic Statistics and Multiparty Bayesianism 353
Warranty Contracts and Equilibrium Probabilities 363
Death and Deterrence: Notes on a Still Inchoate Judicial Inquiry 379
Introduction to Two Views on the Shonubi Case 393
The Shonubi Case as an Example of the Legal System's Failure to Appreciate Statistical Evidence 405
Assessing the Statistical Evidence in the Shonubi case 415
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