Statisticians of the Centuries / Edition 1

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Overview

Written by leading statisticians and probabilists, this volume consists of 104 biographical articles on eminent contributors to statistical and probabilistic ideas born prior to the 20th Century. Among the statisticians covered are Fermat, Pascal, Huygens, Neumann, Bernoulli, Bayes, Laplace, Legendre, Gauss, Poisson, Pareto, Markov, Bachelier, Borel, and many more.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

This interesting and informative book summarizes developments in statistics. Concerned only with contributions by researchers born prior to the 20th century, articles are presented chronologically by date of birth of the statistician. More than 100 researchers are represented, and 75 authors from all over the globe contributed biographies. This volume arose through the initiative of the International Statistical Institute (an international organization founded in 1885 with statisticians from all nationalities and walks of life as its members) whose primary concern is to further the cause of statistics and to make the public aware of the role and contributions of statistics in all aspects of life. The book is organized chronologically; all developments and contributions through the 16th century are followed by material from the 17th through 20th centuries. Some of the salient features of this volume are the alphabetical listing of statisticians, chapter bibliographies, useful index, and an indicator pointing to an internal linkage between chapters. An excellent resource on the historical development of statistics, this book will appeal to all those interested in the historical development of statistical techniques and concepts. Recommended for all academic libraries. Upper-division undergraduate and graduate students."
CHOICE, May 2002

"This book arose out of an International Statistical Institute initiative. Its objective is stated to be to demonstrate the achievement of statistics to a broad audience and to commemorate the work of celebrated statisticians. This demanding objective has been outstandingly well met. The choice of individuals for inclusion, taken from those born before 31 December 1900. ... Most entries have a photograph, a very short abstract and typically a four or five page essay, followed by a short bibliography. The essays are lucid, informative, sympathetic to their subject and most contain a pleasing mixture of technical and personal detail. The editroial team and the contributors are to be congratulated on an important and enjoyable contribution to the general literature on our subject."
ISI Short Book Reviews, April 2002

This is an important book. It provides a broad historical introduction to one of the most important strands of mathematical thought in the twentieth century, and it does so by highlighting the contributions of key players from many disciplines. It's also a book that should be in the library of any institutions that wants its students to have well-researched and well-referenced alternative to the random biographical information that a typical Internet search engine will find out on the world wide web. But the tone and content of the book will make it interesting primarily to professional historians and statisticians looking to find their roots." (Andrew Leahy, The Mathematical Association of America, MAA Online)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780387953298
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 8/24/2001
  • Edition description: 2001
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 500
  • Product dimensions: 1.19 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 9.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Alphabetical Listing of Statisticians
16th Century
Probability Prior to Pascal 3
17th Century
Pierre de Fermat 11
John Graunt 14
Blaise Pascal 17
Christiaan Huygens 23
Caspar Neumann 29
Jackob Bernoulli 33
John Arbuthnot 39
18th Century
Abraham De Moivre 45
Pierre Remond de Montmort 52
Nicolaus Bernoulli 55
Daniel Bernoulli 64
Thomas Bayes 68
Johann Peter Sussmilch 72
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon 77
Rogerius Josephous Boscovich 82
D'Alembert 86
Marquis de Condorcet 90
19th Century
Pierre-Simon Marquis de Laplace 95
Adrien-Marie Legendre 101
William Playfair 105
Thomas Robert Malthus 111
Sir Frederick Morton Eden 115
Carl Friedrich Gauss 119
Simeon-Denis Poisson 123
Adolphe Quetelet 127
Irenee-Jules Bienayme 132
Stefano Franscini 137
Gustav Theodor Fechner 142
Anton Meyer 148
Antoine Augustin Cournot 152
Augustus De Morgan 157
William Farr 163
George Boole 167
Florence Nightingale 171
Pafnutii Lvovich Chebyshev (or Tchebichef) 176
Francis Galton 181
Joseph Bertrand 185
Johann Gregor Mendel 190
John Venn 194
Simon Newcomb 197
William Stanley Jevons 200
Wilhelm Lexis 204
Anders Nicolai Kiaer 208
Thorvald Nicolai Thiele 212
Francis Amasa Walker 216
Georg von Mayr 219
Pyotr Dimitrievich En'ko 223
Francis Ysidro Edgeworth 227
Vilferdo Federigo Samaso Pareto 232
20th Century
Fedor Andreevich Shcherbina 239
Andrei Andreevich Markov 243
Karl Pearson 248
George Handley Knibbs 257
Walter Frank Raphael Weldon 261
Walter Francis Willcox 265
Irving Fisher 268
Ladislaus von Bortkiewicz 273
Arthur Lyon Bowley 278
Louis Bachelier 283
Emile Borel 287
George Udny Yule 292
Karoly Jordan 295
Marian Smoluchowski 299
Aleksander Aleksandrovich Chuprov (or Tschuprow) 303
Ernest Filip Oskar Lundberg 308
William Sealy Gosset 312
Jarl Waldemar Lindeberg 318
Anderson Gray McKendrick 323
Agner Krarup Erlang 328
Maurice Frechet 331
Harold Edwin Hurst 335
Sergei Natanovich Bernstein 339
Evgenii Evgenievich Slutsky (or Slutskii) 343
George Waddel Snedecor 346
Richard von Mises 352
John Maynard Keynes 358
Carrado Gini 364
Wilhelm Winkler 369
Egon Sharpe Pearson 373
Oskar Anderson 377
Georges Darmois 382
Stuart Arthur Rice 386
Ronald Aylmer Fisher 389
Walter Andrew Shewhart 398
Harold Jeffreys 402
Emil Julius Gumbel 406
Carlo Emilo Bonferroni 411
Octav Onicescu 415
Frank Wilcoxon 420
Mikhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk (or Krawtchouk) 425
Felix Pollaczek 429
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis 434
Harald Cramer 439
Jerzy Neyman 444
Ragnar Frisch 449
Harold Hotelling 454
Robert Charles Geary 459
Austin Bradford Hill 464
Edwin James George Pitman 468
Joseph Oscar Irwin 472
Gertrude Mary Cox 475
William John Youden 479
W. Edwards Deming 485
Index 491
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