Steady Aircraft Flight and Performance [NOOK Book]

Overview

This undergraduate textbook offers a unique introduction to steady flight and performance for fixed-wing aircraft from a twenty-first-century flight systems perspective. Emphasizing the interplay between mathematics and engineering, it fully explains the fundamentals of aircraft flight and develops the basic algebraic equations needed to obtain the conditions for gliding flight, level flight, climbing and descending flight, and turning flight. It covers every aspect of flight performance, including maximum and ...

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Steady Aircraft Flight and Performance

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NOOK Book (eBook - Course Book)
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Overview

This undergraduate textbook offers a unique introduction to steady flight and performance for fixed-wing aircraft from a twenty-first-century flight systems perspective. Emphasizing the interplay between mathematics and engineering, it fully explains the fundamentals of aircraft flight and develops the basic algebraic equations needed to obtain the conditions for gliding flight, level flight, climbing and descending flight, and turning flight. It covers every aspect of flight performance, including maximum and minimum air speed, maximum climb rate, minimum turn radius, flight ceiling, maximum range, and maximum endurance.

Steady Aircraft Flight and Performance features in-depth case studies of an executive jet and a general aviation propeller-driven aircraft, and uses MATLAB to compute and illustrate numerous flight performance measures and flight envelopes for each. Requiring only sophomore-level calculus and physics, it also includes a section on translational flight dynamics that makes a clear connection between steady flight and flight dynamics, thereby providing a bridge to further study.

  • Offers the best introduction to steady aircraft flight and performance
  • Provides a comprehensive treatment of the full range of steady flight conditions
  • Covers steady flight performance and flight envelopes, including maximum and minimum air speed, maximum climb rate, minimum turn radius, and flight ceiling
  • Uses mathematics and engineering to explain aircraft flight
  • Features case studies of actual aircraft, illustrated using MATLAB
  • Seamlessly bridges steady flight and translational flight dynamics
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400839063
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 1/3/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Course Book
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 1,298,996
  • File size: 10 MB

Meet the Author

N. Harris McClamroch is professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Michigan. He has been an educator and researcher in flight dynamics and control for more than forty years.
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Table of Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS xi
LIST OF MATLAB M-FILES xv
PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xix

Chapter 1: Aircraft Components and Subsystems 1
1.1 Aircraft Subsystems for Conventional Fixed-Wing Aircraft 1
1.2 Aerodynamic Control Surfaces 2
1.3 Aircraft Propulsion Systems 3
1.4 Aircraft Structural Systems 4
1.5 Air Data and Flight Instrumentation 5
1.6 Guidance, Navigation, and Control 5
1.7 Flight Control Computers 6
1.8 Communication Systems 6
1.9 Aircraft Pilots 6
1.10 Autonomous Aircraft 7
1.11 Interconnection and Integration of Flight Systems 7

Chapter 2: Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics 9
2.1 Fundamental Properties of Air 9
2.2 Standard Atmosphere Model 10
2.3 Aerodynamics Fundamentals 15
2.4 Aerodynamics of Flow over a Wing 18
2.5 Wing Geometry 19
2.6 Problems 21

Chapter 3: Aircraft Translational Kinematics, Attitude, Aerodynamic Forces and Moments 24
3.1 Cartesian Frames 25
3.2 Aircraft Translational Kinematics 26
3.3 Aircraft Attitude and the Translational Kinematics 29
3.4 Translational Kinematics for Flight in a Fixed Vertical Plane 30
3.5 Translational Kinematics for Flight in a Fixed
Horizontal Plane 32
3.6 Small Angle Approximations 34
3.7 Coordinated Flight 34
3.8 Clarification of Bank Angles 35
3.9 Aerodynamic Forces 35
3.10 Aerodynamic Moments 39
3.11 Problems 41

Chapter 4: Propulsion Systems 47
4.1 Steady Thrust and Power Relations 47
4.2 Jet Engines 47
4.3 Propeller Driven by Internal Combustion Engine 50
4.4 Turboprop Engines 53
4.5 Throttle as a Pilot Input 53
4.6 Problems 53

Chapter 5: Prelude to Steady Flight Analysis 56
5.1 Aircraft Forces and Moments 57
5.2 Steady Flight Equations 58
5.3 Steady Longitudinal Flight 60
5.4 Steady Level Turning Flight 60
5.5 Flight Constraints 60
5.6 Aircraft Case Studies 61
5.7 Characteristics of an Executive Jet Aircraft 62
5.8 Characteristics of a Single Engine Propeller-Driven General Aviation Aircraft 63
5.9 Characteristics of an Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle (UAV) 64
5.10 Problems 66

Chapter 6: Aircraft Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight 69
6.1 Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight 69
6.2 Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight Analysis 71
6.3 Minimum Glide Angle 74
6.4 Minimum Descent Rate 74
6.5 Maximum Glide Angle 75
6.6 Maximum Descent Rate 75
6.7 Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight Envelopes 76
6.8 Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight: Executive Jet
Aircraft 76
6.9 Steady Gliding Longitudinal Flight: General Aviation
Aircraft 81
6.10 Conclusions 85
6.11 Problems 86

Chapter 7: Aircraft Cruise in Steady Level Longitudinal
Flight 90
7.1 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight 90
7.2 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight Analysis 94
7.3 Jet Aircraft Steady Level Longitudinal Flight
Performance 99
7.4 General Aviation Aircraft Steady Level Longitudinal
Flight Performance 100
7.5 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 102
7.6 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight Envelopes: Executive
Jet Aircraft 106
7.7 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight: General Aviation
Aircraft 109
7.8 Steady Level Longitudinal Flight Envelopes: General
Aviation Aircraft 113
7.9 Conclusions 116
7.10 Problems 116

Chapter 8: Aircraft Steady Longitudinal Flight 121
8.1 Steady Longitudinal Flight 121
8.2 Steady Longitudinal Flight Analysis 125
8.3 Jet Aircraft Steady Longitudinal Flight Performance 130
8.4 General Aviation Aircraft Steady Longitudinal Flight Performance 133
8.5 Steady Climbing Longitudinal Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 136
8.6 Steady Descending Longitudinal Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 143
8.7 Steady Longitudinal Flight Envelopes: Executive Jet Aircraft 149
8.8 Steady Climbing Longitudinal Flight: General Aviation
Aircraft 150
8.9 Steady Descending Longitudinal Flight: General
Aviation Aircraft 157
8.10 Steady longitudinal Flight Envelopes: General Aviation
Aircraft 162
8.11 Conclusions 164
8.12 Problems 165

Chapter 9: Aircraft Steady Level Turning Flight 171
9.1 Turns by Side-Slipping 171
9.2 Steady Level Banked Turning Flight 171
9.3 Steady Level Banked Turning Flight Analysis 175
9.4 Jet Aircraft Steady Level Turning Flight Performance 180
9.5 General Aviation Aircraft Steady Level Turning Flight Performance 183
9.6 Steady Level Turning Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 186
9.7 Steady Level Turning Flight Envelopes: Executive Jet Aircraft 195
9.8 Steady Level Turning Flight: General Aviation Aircraft 196
9.9 Steady Level Turning Flight Envelopes: General Aviation Aircraft 207
9.10 Conclusions 209
9.11 Problems 209

Chapter 10: Aircraft Steady Turning Flight 214
10.1 Steady Banked Turns 214
10.2 Steady Banked Turning Flight Analysis 218
10.3 Jet Aircraft Steady Turning Flight Performance 225
10.4 General Aviation Aircraft Steady Turning Flight Performance 229
10.5 Steady Climbing and Turning Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 233
10.6 Steady Descending and Turning Flight: Executive Jet Aircraft 244
10.7 Steady Turning Flight Envelopes: Executive Jet Aircraft 253
10.8 Steady Climbing and Turning Flight: General Aviation Aircraft 255
10.9 Steady Descending and Turning Flight: General
Aviation Aircraft 266
10.10 Steady Turning Flight Envelopes: General
Aviation Aircraft 276
10.11 Conclusions 278
10.12 Problems 279

Chapter 11: Aircraft Range and Endurance in
Steady Flight 285
11.1 Fuel Consumption 285
11.2 Steady Flight Background 286
11.3 Range and Endurance of a Jet Aircraft in Steady Level Longitudinal Flight 286
11.4 Range and Endurance of a General Aviation Aircraft in Steady Level Longitudinal Flight 291
11.5 Range and Endurance of a Jet Aircraft in a Steady Level Turn 297
11.6 Range and Endurance of a General Aviation Aircraft in a Steady Level Turn 298
11.7 Range and Endurance of a Jet Aircraft in a Steady Turn 299
11.8 Range and Endurance of a General Aviation Aircraft in a Steady Turn 300
11.9 Maximum Range and Maximum Endurance: Executive Jet Aircraft 301
11.10 Maximum Range and Maximum Endurance: General Aviation Aircraft 307
11.11 Conclusions 313
11.12 Problems 313

Chapter 12: Aircraft Maneuvers and Flight Planning 319
12.1 Static Flight Stability 319
12.2 Flight Maneuvers 321
12.3 Pilot Inputs That Achieve a Desired Flight Condition 324
12.4 Flight Plans Defined by a Sequence of Waypoints 325
12.5 A Flight Planning Problem: Executive Jet Aircraft 327
12.6 A Flight Planning Problem: General Aviation Aircraft 331
12.7 Conclusions 336
12.8 Problems 336

Chapter 13: From Steady Flight to Flight Dynamics 344
13.1 Flight Dynamics Assumptions 345
13.2 Differential Equations for the Translational Flight Dynamics 346
13.3 Including Engine Characteristics and Fuel Consumption 349
13.4 Differential Equations for Longitudinal Translational Flight Dynamics 351
13.5 Differential Equations for Takeoff and Landing 353
13.6 Steady Flight and the Translational Flight Dynamics 355
13.7 Dynamic Flight Stability 356
13.8 Computing Dynamic Flight Performance Measures and Flight Envelopes 357
13.9 Flight Simulations: Executive Jet Aircraft 359
13.10 Flight Simulations: General Aviation Aircraft 365
13.11 Conclusions 372
13.12 Problems 372

Appendix A The Standard Atmosphere Model 379
Appendix B End-of-Chapter Problems 382
B.1 Executive Jet Aircraft 382
B.2 Single Engine Propeller-Driven General Aviation Aircraft 383
B.3 Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle (UAV) 383

REFERENCES 385
INDEX 387

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