STEP Project Management: Guide for Science, Technology, and Engineering Projects

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Overview

While the project management body of knowledge is embraced by disciplines ranging from manufacturing and business to social services and healthcare, the application of efficient project management is of particularly high value in science, technology, and engineering undertakings. STEP Project Management: Guide for Science, Technology, and Engineering Projects presents an integrated, step-by-step approach to managing projects in these complex areas, using the time-tested concepts, tools, and techniques of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®).

STEP is an acronym for Science, Technology, and Engineering Projects, and also serves as a mnemonic reference to the step-by-step approach of the book.

This volume takes an approach that combines managerial, organizational, and quantitative techniques into a logical sequence of project implementation steps. The book begins by exploring the special methodology imperative for managing these types of sophisticated projects. It then delineates the major steps involved in project integration. The author discusses the management of scope, time, cost, quality, human resources, communications, risk, and procurement. Then, using a compelling case study that profiles the errors leading to the 1986 Challenger disaster, the book examines how flaws in decision-making, failure to consider all factors, lack of communication, and inappropriate priorities can lead to catastrophe.

In today’s fast-changing IT-based, competitive global market, success can be even more elusive and hard won. Effective project management in all facets of operations can give an enterprise the advantage it seeks. In this book, the author’s direct writing style, designed to appeal to busy professionals, conveys the complex concepts of high-stakes project management in a simple, efficient manner. He provides a general framework that shows what needs to be done to manage complex projects, using steps that are flexible, expandable, and modifiable.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420072358
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 4/21/2009
  • Series: Industrial Innovation Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 421
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Adedeji B. Badiru is a professor at the Air Force Institute of Technology in Dayton, Ohio.

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Table of Contents

Science, Technology, and Engineering

Project Methodology

Introduction to STEP Methodology

Importance of General Project Management Knowledge

Systems Engineering and Program Management

Systems Architecture for Project Management

Guide to Using This Book

Building Blocks for STEP Methodology

Engineering Challenges for Twenty-First Century

STEM Initiatives and Project Conceptions

Emergence of Project Management for STEP

Project Definitions

Project Management Knowledge Areas

Components of the Knowledge Areas

Project Management Processes

Projects and Operations

Factors of STEP Success or Failure

Work Breakdown Structure

Project Organization Structures

Traditional Formal Organization Structures

Projectized Organization

Elements of a Project Plan

General Applicability of Project Management

Documenting Project Lessons Learned

Marvels of STEPs

Advancement of Society on the Back of STE

Levels of Project Execution

Categories of Project Outputs

Unique Aspects of STEPs

Integrated Systems Approach to STEPs

STEP Management Steps

Managing Project Requirements

STEP Integration

Project Integration: Step-by-Step Implementation

Application of CMMI and Carpé Futurum

Project OPR

Project Sustainability

STEP Scope Management

Scope Definitions

Scope Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

Use of DMAIC for Scope Management

Use of SIPOC Diagram for Scope Management

Scope Feasibility Analysis

Dimensions of Scope Feasibility

Industry Conversion for Project Scoping

Assessment of Local Resources and Work Force

Developing Scope-Based Project Proposal

Proposal Preparation Scope

Scope Budget Planning

Project Scoping with WBS

STEP Time Management

Time Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

CPM Network Scheduling

Working with Activity Precedence Relationships

Example of CPM Analysis

CPM Forward Pass

CPM Backward Pass

Determination of Critical Activities

Subcritical Paths

Schedule Templates

Gantt Charts

Project Crashing

Critical Chain Analysis

STEP Cost Management

Cost Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

STEP Portfolio Management

Project Cost Elements

Project Cost Estimation

Project Balance Technique

STEP Quality Management

Quality Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

Six Sigma and Quality Management

Taguchi Loss Function

Identification and Elimination of Sources of Defects

Roles and Responsibilities for Six Sigma

Statistical Techniques for Six Sigma

Lean Principles and Applications

Applying Kaizen to a Process

Lean Task Value Rating System

Lean–Six Sigma within Project Management

STEP Human Resource Management

Aging Workforce in Science, Technology, and Engineering

Knowledge Workers in STE Work Environment

Elements of Human Resource Management

Managing Human Resource Performance

Quantitative Modeling of Worker Assignment

Resource Work Rate Analysis

Model for Technical Human Resource Training

A Conceptual Approach

Extended Training Model

STEP Communications Management

Communications Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

Complexity of Multiperson Communication

Communicating through Triple C Model

Typical Triple C Questions

Triple C Communication

SMART Communication

Triple C Cooperation

Triple C Coordination

Conflict Resolution Using Triple C Approach

Application of Triple C to STEPS

DMAIC and Triple C

STEP Risk Management

Risk Definition

Risk Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

Project Decisions under Risk and Uncertainty

Cost Uncertainties

Schedule Uncertainties

Performance Uncertainties

Risk and Decision Trees

STEP Procurement Management

Procurement Management: Step-by-Step Implementation

Completion and Term Contracts

Procurement Management Plan

Contractor Statement of Work

Organization Process Assets

Contract Feasibility Analysis

Contents of Project Proposal

Contract Teamwork and Cooperation

Vendor Rating System

Rating Procedure

Multicriteria Vendor Selection Technique

Goal Programming

Compromise Programming

Inventory Analysis and Procurement

Economic Order Quantity Model

Quantity Discount

Calculation of Total Relevant Cost

Evaluation of the Discount Option

Sensitivity Analysis

STEP Case Study: Space Shuttle Challenger

Case Background

Foundation for Lessons Learned

Space Shuttle Mission Background and Authorization

Space Shuttle Design Decisions

Shuttle Development Process

Chronology of Developments

The Challenger Mission

Testimonies

Presidential Commission Findings

Management Decision Ambiguities

Additional Commission Findings

Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster

Technical and Organizational Issues

Shuttle Flight Risk Management

Concluding Remarks

Satellite Project Failure: Another STEP Case Example

Death of a Spy Satellite

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Index

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