Stephen Crane

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Overview

Stephen Crane is widely recognized as a master and innovator of literary naturalism. Among his popular and commonly read works are the novels Maggie: A Girl of the Streets and The Red Badge of Courage and the short stories "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky," "The Blue Hotel," and "The Open Boat." The commentary gathered in this volume offers a wealth of critical analysis that speaks to Crane's relevance and the far-ranging influences of his work. Additional features, including a chronology, an index, and an ...

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Overview

Stephen Crane is widely recognized as a master and innovator of literary naturalism. Among his popular and commonly read works are the novels Maggie: A Girl of the Streets and The Red Badge of Courage and the short stories "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky," "The Blue Hotel," and "The Open Boat." The commentary gathered in this volume offers a wealth of critical analysis that speaks to Crane's relevance and the far-ranging influences of his work. Additional features, including a chronology, an index, and an introduction by esteemed series editor Harold Bloom, will aid students in their assessment of this major American writer.

Bloom's Classic Critical Views presents a selection of the most important enduring literary criticism on the authors most commonly read in high school and college classes today. The series attempts to place these great authors in the context of their time and to provide criticism that has proved over the years to be the most valuable to readers and writers. Selections range from reviews in popular magazines, which demonstrate how a work was received in its own era, to profound essays by some of the strongest critics in the British and American traditions. In addition, each volume contains contributions by a contemporary expert who introduces the most important critical selections, putting them in context and suggesting how they might be used by a student writer to influence his or her own writing.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781604134322
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/1/2009
  • Series: Bloom's Classic Critical Views Series
  • Pages: 220
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Harold Bloom
Harold Bloom
One of our most popular, respected, and controversial literary critics, Yale University professor Harold Bloom’s books – about, variously, Shakespeare, the Bible, and the classic literature – are as erudite as they are accessible.

Biography

"Authentic literature doesn't divide us," the scholar and literary critic Harold Bloom once said. "It addresses itself to the solitary individual or consciousness." Revered and sometimes reviled as a champion of the Western canon, Bloom insists on the importance of reading authors such as Shakespeare, Milton, and Chaucer -- not because they transmit certain approved cultural values, but because they transcend the limits of culture, and thus enlarge rather than constrict our sense of what it means to be human. As Bloom explained in an interview, "Shakespeare is the true multicultural author. He exists in all languages. He is put on the stage everywhere. Everyone feels that they are represented by him on the stage."

Bloom began his career by tackling the formidable legacy of T.S. Eliot, who had dismissed the English Romantic poets as undisciplined nature-worshippers. Bloom construed the Romantic poets' visions of immortality as rebellions against nature, and argued that an essentially Romantic imagination was still at work in the best modernist poets.

Having restored the Romantics to critical respectability, Bloom advanced a more general theory of poetry. His now-famous The Anxiety of Influence argued that any strong poem is a creative "misreading" of the poet's predecessor. The book raised, as the poet John Hollander wrote, "profound questions about... how the prior visions of other poems are, for a true poet, as powerful as his own dreams and as formative as his domestic childhood." In addition to developing this theory, Bloom wrote several books on sacred texts. In The Book of J, he suggested that some of the oldest parts of the Bible were written by a woman.

The Book of J was a bestseller, but it was the 1994 publication of The Western Canon that made the critic-scholar a household name. In it, Bloom decried what he called the "School of Resentment" and the use of political correctness as a basis for judging works of literature. His defense of the threatened canon formed, according to The New York Times, a "passionate demonstration of why some writers have triumphantly escaped the oblivion in which time buries almost all human effort."

Bloom placed Shakespeare along with Dante at the center of the Western canon, and he made another defense of Shakespeare's centrality with Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, an illuminating study of Shakespeare's plays. How to Read and Why (2000) revisited Shakespeare and other writers in the Bloom pantheon, and described the act of reading as both a spiritual exercise and an aesthetic pleasure.

Recently, Bloom took up another controversial stance when he attacked Harry Potter in an essay for The Wall Street Journal. His 2001 book Stories and Poems for Extremely Intelligent Children of All Ages advanced an alternative to contemporary children's lit, with a collection of classic works of literature "worthy of rereading" by people of all ages.

The poet and editor David Lehman said that "while there are some critics who are known for a certain subtlety and a certain judiciousness, there are other critics... who radiate ferocious passion." Harold Bloom is a ferociously passionate reader for whom literary criticism is, as he puts it, "the art of making what is implicit in the text as finely explicit as possible."

Good To Know

Bloom earned his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1955 and was hired as a Yale faculty member that same year. In 1965, at the age of 35, he became one of the youngest scholars in Yale history to be appointed full professor in the department of English. He is now Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale and Berg Visiting Professor of English at New York University.

Though some conservative commentators embraced Bloom's canon as a return to traditional moral values, Bloom, who once styled himself "a Truman Democrat," dismisses attempts by both left- and right-wingers to politicize literature. "To read in the service of any ideology is not, in my judgment, to read at all," he told a New York Times interviewer.

His great affinity for Shakespeare has put Bloom in the unlikely position of stage actor on occasion; he has played his "literary hero," port-loving raconteur Sir John Falstaff, in three productions.

Bloom is married to Jeanne, a retired school psychologist whom he met while a junior faculty member at Yale in the 1950s. They have two sons.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Harold Irving Bloom (full name)
    2. Hometown:
      New York, New York and New Haven, Connecticut
    1. Date of Birth:
      July 11, 1930
    2. Place of Birth:
      New York, New York
    1. Education:
      B.A., Cornell University, 1951; Ph.D., Yale University, 1955

Table of Contents

Series Introduction ix

Introduction Harold Bloom xi

Biography xiii

Personal 3

Clarence Loomis Peaslee "Stephen Crane's College Days" (1896) 7

Richard Harding Davis "Our War Correspondents in Cuba and Puerto Rico" (1899) 11

Robert Barr "Literary Notes" (1900) 12

Willa Cather "When I Knew Stephen Crane" (1900) 15

Hamlin Garland "Stephen Crane: A Soldier of Fortune" (1900) 21

Edward Marshall "Exciting Life Scenes of Stephen Crane, Journalist" (1900) 28

Elbert Hubbard (1900) 29

William Dean Howells "Hints from the Mailbag: Mr. Howells and Stephen Crane" (1900) 32

R.G. Vosburgh "The Darkest Hour in the Life of Stephen Crane" (1901) 34

Corwin Knapp Linson "Little Stories of 'Steve' Crane" (1903) 37

Ford Madox Hueffer [Ford] "Henry James, Stephen Crane and the Main Stream" (1921) 43

General 49

Harry Thurston Peck "Stephen Crane" (1895) 53

Unsigned (1896) 55

H.D. Traill "The New Realism" (1897) 57

Stephen Gwynn "Novels of American Life" (1898) 61

Edward Garnett "Mr. Stephen Crane: An Appreciation" (1898) 64

Edward Garnett "Stephen Crane" (1900) 67

William L. Alden "London Literary Letter" (1900) 69

John Northern Hilliard "Stephen Crane: Letters to a Friend about His Ambition, His Art, and His Views of Life" (1900) 70

H.G. Wells "Stephen Crane: From an English Standpoint" (1900) 74

William Dean Howells "Frank Norris" (1902) 81

Hamlin Garland "Stephen Crane as I Knew Him" (1914) 83

Joseph Conrad "Stephen Crane: A Note without Dates" (1919) 85

Vincent Starrett "Stephen Crane: An Estimate" (1920) 88

Edward Garnett "Stephen Crane" (1922) 92

Works 99

Maggie: A Girl of the Streets 103

Hamlin Garland "AnAmbitious French Novel and a Modest American Study" (1893) 103

Rupert Hughes (1895) 104

N.H.B. [Nancy Huston Banks] "The Novels of Two Journalists" (1895) 105

William Dean Howells "An Appreciation" (1896) 106

Edward Bright (1896) 108

H.G. Wells (1896) 109

The Black Riders and Other Lines 110

Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1895) 110

Mark Antony de Wolfe Howe (1896) 113

Elbert Hubbard (1896) 115

Josephine Dodge Daskam "The Distinction of Our Poetry" (1901) 119

The Red Badge of Courage 121

Unsigned (1895) 121

Unsigned "The Latest Fiction" (1895) 122

William Dean Howells (1895) 126

Attributed to Sydney Brooks (1896) 127

Harold Frederic "Kaiser Worries Britons" (1896) 130

Harold Frederic "Stephen Crane's Triumph" (1896) 131

George Wyndham "A Remarkable Book" (1896) 135

William Morton Payne "Recent Fiction" (1896) 143

Unsigned "Comment on New Books" (1896) 144

Unsigned "The Rambler" (1896) 144

A.C. McClurg "The Red Badge of Hysteria" (1896) 146

D. Appleton & Company "The Red Badge of Courage: A Correction" (1896) 148

J.L. Onderdonk "A Red Badge of Bad English" (1896) 150

Charles Dudley Warner "Editor's Study" (1896) 151

Unsigned "The Red Badge of Courage" (1896) 153

Unsigned [G.H. Putnam] "Stephen Crane: The English as So-Called Discoverers of His Talent" (1897) 155

John W. DeForest "Authors at Home: J. W. DeForest in New Haven" (1898) 158

Unsigned "Stephen Crane's Master Work" (1900) 158

George's Mother 160

Frank Rinder (1896) 160

Harry T. Peck (1896) 160

John D. Barry "A Reassessment" (1896) 161

The Little Regiment 163

George Parsons Lathrop (1896) 163

Unsigned (1897) 164

Unsigned "Stories of America, by Young Americans" (1897) 166

The Third Violet 168

Unsigned "New American Fiction: Characteristic Books by W.D. Howells, Stephen Crane, Frank R. Stockton, and Others" (1897) 168

Unsigned (1897) 169

Unsigned (1897) 170

Harrison S. Morris "With the New Books" (1897) 171

The Open Boat and Other Tales of Adventure 171

Joseph Conrad (1897) 171

Joseph Conrad (1897) 171

Harold Frederic "London on the War" (1898) 172

Unsigned "Review of Books" (1898) 173

William L. Alden "London Literary Letter" (1898) 174

Unsigned "Recent Short Stories" (1898) 175

War Is Kind 177

Unsigned [Ashley A. Smith] "Spring Verse: Three Handfulls [sic] of Volumes-Eighteen in All-From Poets Mostly Young" (1899) 177

John Curtis Underwood (1899) 178

Unsigned [T.W. Higginson] (1899) 179

Active Service 180

Unsigned "New Fiction: Works by Egerton Castle, Stephen Crane, Sienkiewicz, Andrew Lang, and Others" (1899) 180

William L. Alden "London Literary Letter" (1899) 181

Unsigned (1899) 183

Rupert Hughes (1900) 183

The Monster and Other Stories 185

Robert Bridges (1898) 185

Julian Hawthorne "The Monster and Other Stories" (1900) 186

Unsigned (1901) 188

Whilomville Stories 189

Unsigned (1900) 189

Unsigned "Books and Authors: Stories by Stephen Crane" (1900) 191

Unsigned (1900) 193

Arthur Stanley "Stephen Crane's Childhood Stories" (1904) 194

A.A. McG. (1904) 195

Wounds in the Rain 195

Unsigned (1900) 196

Carolyn Shipman (1900) 197

Unsigned (1901) 197

Chronology 199

Index 201

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  • Posted September 4, 2009

    Table of Contents Incorrect

    The table of contents given for this book is incorrect. It belongs to the book in the Modern Critical series, not this book, which includes criticism of Crane and his work during and shortly after his lifetime. The other book includes contemporary criticism.

    Since the Barnes & Noble system will not allow a review without a rating, as the editor of this volume, I obviously give it five stars!

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
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