Stereotypes During the Decline and Fall of Communism

Overview

Unique among the satellites of the Soviet Union, Hungary has data from a series of fourteen substantial surveys from the mid-1960s through to 1994. How do Hungarians think about themselves, their history, their society and other countries and their peoples? Hunyady provides an excellent summary of investigations examining these questions, analysing them against the background of the social psychology literature of stereotypes.

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Overview

Unique among the satellites of the Soviet Union, Hungary has data from a series of fourteen substantial surveys from the mid-1960s through to 1994. How do Hungarians think about themselves, their history, their society and other countries and their peoples? Hunyady provides an excellent summary of investigations examining these questions, analysing them against the background of the social psychology literature of stereotypes.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
1 Stereotype systems research 1
Stereotype research on this and that side of the information processing paradigm 1
The historical context: Hungary as an experimental field 21
Subject, strategy, and method of research 33
2 The cognitive domain of nations: I - National categories and attitudes 41
Premises and rationale 41
National attitudes and stereotypes 41
Concepts of 'nation' and 'our nation': historical motifs for the evaluation of ingroups 52
The interpretation of patriotism and international expectations: social attitudes in the 1970s 69
Comparison of countries, 1973-94 78
Countries forming and representing Europe 89
3 The cognitive domain of nations: II - National stereotypes 94
Hungarian autostereotype 94
National characterizations, 1981 and 1991 101
Continental and regional perspectives in the 1990s 124
Romanian-Hungarian interrelationships 134
Marginal groups in double bind and the national-ethnic categorization 144
Summary 157
4 The domain of societal categories: perception of occupational groups and class relations 169
Premises and rationale 169
The concept of social class and views of the division of society 177
Characterization of occupational groups, 1981 and 1991 184
Copying social hierarchy in the evaluative judgements, 1981 and 1991 198
Evaluative characterization of traditional and modern occupational categories, 1994 206
Summary 216
5 The domain of historical periods: beliefs about 20th-century history 219
Premises and rationale 219
The concept of social development and the segmentation of the past 227
Developmental trends implied by historical judgements, 1971: social and family points of view 236
Characterization of periods and implied trends of development, 1981 and 1991 252
Changes in the political system: reflection and effect on historical judgements, 1994 262
Summary 271
6 Stability of and changes in stereotypes: results 276
The novelty of the results 276
The organization of stereotype characterizations 279
Changes in the content of stereotypes and their social varieties 283
The changes continue: in society and in stereotype research 292
Appendix 298
Bibliography 305
Name index 321
Subject index 324
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