Stoicism and Emotion

Stoicism and Emotion

by Margaret Graver
     
 

ISBN-10: 0226305589

ISBN-13: 9780226305585

Pub. Date: 11/15/2009

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

On the surface, stoicism and emotion seem like contradictory terms. Yet the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome were deeply interested in the emotions, which they understood as complex judgments about what we regard as valuable in our surroundings, Stoicism and Emotion shows that they did not simply advocate a suppression of feeling, as "stoicism" implies

Overview

On the surface, stoicism and emotion seem like contradictory terms. Yet the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome were deeply interested in the emotions, which they understood as complex judgments about what we regard as valuable in our surroundings, Stoicism and Emotion shows that they did not simply advocate a suppression of feeling, as "stoicism" implies in today's English, but instead conducted a searching examination of these powerful psychological responses, seeking to understand what attitude toward them expresses the deepest respect for human potential.

In this work, Margaret Graver gives a compelling new interpretation of the Stoic position. Drawing on a vast range of ancient sources, she argues that the chief demand of Stoic ethics is not that we should suppress or deny our feelings, but that we should perfect the rational mind at the core of every human being.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226305585
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
11/15/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: Emotion and Norms for Emotion 1

1 A Science of the Mind 15

The Psychic Material

The Central Directive Faculty

Thought, Belief, and Action

Affective Events

2 The Pathetic Syllogism 35

Emotions and Ascriptions of Value

Appropriateness

Evaluations and Their Objects

The Stoic Ethical Stance

Eupathic Responses

Classification by Genus

Classification by Species

Some Remaining Questions

3 Vigor and Responsibility 61

Rollability

Overriding Impulses

Medea and Odysseus

Plato and Platonists

The Posidonian Objections

Freedom

4 Feelings without Assent 85

Beginnings and "Bitings" at Athens

The Senecan Account

"A Requirement of the Human Condition"

Alexandrian Propatheiai

A Stoic Essential

5 Brutishness and Insanity 109

Orestes and the Phantastikon

Melancholic Loss of Virtue

Fluttery Ignorance

Emotions as Causes

Brutishness

Seneca's Three Movements

6 Traits of Character 133

Scalar Conditions of Mind

Fondnesses and Aversions

Proclivities

Habitudes of the Wise

7 The Development of Character 149

Empiricism and Corruption

The Twofold Cause

Cicero's Hall of Mirrors

The Establishment of Traits

Autonomy and Luck

8 City of Friends and Lovers 173

Concern for Others

Proper Friendship and the Wise Community

Friendship and Self-Sufficiency

Optimistic Love

Ordinary Affections

9 The Tears of Alcibiades 191

Wisdom and Remorse

Strategies for Consolation

The Status of Premise 2

Progressor-Pain and Moral Shame

Apatheia Revisited

Appendix: The Status of Confidence in Stoic Classifications 213

List of Abbreviations 222

Notes 223

Bibliography 257

Index Locorum269

General Index 279

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