Stoicism and Emotion

Stoicism and Emotion

by Margaret Graver
     
 

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On the surface, stoicism and emotion seem like contradictory terms. Yet the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome were deeply interested in the emotions, which they understood as complex judgments about what we regard as valuable in our surroundings. Stoicism and Emotion shows that they did not simply advocate an across-the-board suppression of

Overview

On the surface, stoicism and emotion seem like contradictory terms. Yet the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome were deeply interested in the emotions, which they understood as complex judgments about what we regard as valuable in our surroundings. Stoicism and Emotion shows that they did not simply advocate an across-the-board suppression of feeling, as stoicism implies in today’s English, but instead conducted a searching examination of these powerful psychological responses, seeking to understand what attitude toward them expresses the deepest respect for human potential.

In this elegant and clearly written work, Margaret Graver gives a compelling new interpretation of the Stoic position. Drawing on a vast range of ancient sources, she argues that the chief demand of Stoic ethics is not that we should suppress or deny our feelings, but that we should perfect the rational mind at the core of every human being. Like all our judgments, the Stoics believed, our affective responses can be either true or false and right or wrong, and we must assume responsibility for them. Without glossing over the difficulties, Graver also shows how the Stoics dealt with those questions that seem to present problems for their theory: the physiological basis of affective responses, the phenomenon of being carried away by one’s emotions, the occurrence of involuntary feelings and the disordered behaviors of mental illness. Ultimately revealing the deeper motivations of Stoic philosophy, Stoicism and Emotion uncovers the sources of its broad appeal in the ancient world and illuminates its surprising relevance to our own.

Editorial Reviews

Nancy Sherman
“With clean and clear prose, Margaret Graver provides a truly wise reading of the Stoics on the emotions. Her book is destined to become the standard on appreciating the deep contribution the Stoics make to our understanding of the role of emotions in our lives. After reading this book, few will dare read the Stoics as proponents of a life devoid of all affect and attachment.”

Tad Brennan
“A first-rate treatment of the Stoic theory of emotions, Stoicism and Emotion is full of extremely careful philological detective work presented in clear and precise prose. It propounds a distinctive positive thesis in urging us to see the Stoics as more favorably disposed to emotions and emotional feelings than they have traditionally been thought to be. Margaret Graver represents this more humanizing reading of Stoicism better than anyone has done it before.”

Bryn Mawr Classical Review - William O. Stephens
"A lucidly written . . . compellingly argued, and carefully researched investigation which should remain an indispensable resource for study of the Stoics on emotions for years to come. As it is pitched to readers well versed in ancient Greek literature with a fair degree of philosophical training, scholars and graduate students in Classical philosophy will benefit the most from this work. . . . A fine, soberly crafted contribution to both our understaning of the Stoics' theory of emotion and to an appreciation of the Stoics' subtle, insightful arguments against non-cognitivism. The patient reader's persistence will be repaid."
Journal of the History of Philosophy - James Warren
"In addition to a beautifully clear and uncluttered style, [the book] offers a careful and balanced account of the Stoic view of the emotions which pays all due attention to the Stoics' accounts of psychology in general . . . education and character development, and moral responsibility. . . . A fine contribution to the increasingly plausible view that the Stoics (and Epicureans too, for that matter), in adopting a broadly intellectualist psychology, can still offer a rich and sophisticated view of human emotional life."
Classical World - Glenn Lesses
"[A] valuable and provocative study. Accessible to general readers and challenging for specialists, [Graver's] investigation of the Stoic theory of emotion succeeds in achieving her aim of sympathetically presenting the intellectual attractions of Stoic moral philosophy."
Bryn Mawr Classical Review
A lucidly written . . . compellingly argued, and carefully researched investigation which should remain an indispensable resource for study of the Stoics on emotions for years to come. As it is pitched to readers well versed in ancient Greek literature with a fair degree of philosophical training, scholars and graduate students in Classical philosophy will benefit the most from this work. . . . A fine, soberly crafted contribution to both our understaning of the Stoics' theory of emotion and to an appreciation of the Stoics' subtle, insightful arguments against non-cognitivism. The patient reader's persistence will be repaid.

— William O. Stephens

Journal of the History of Philosophy
In addition to a beautifully clear and uncluttered style, [the book] offers a careful and balanced account of the Stoic view of the emotions which pays all due attention to the Stoics' accounts of psychology in general . . . education and character development, and moral responsibility. . . . A fine contribution to the increasingly plausible view that the Stoics (and Epicureans too, for that matter), in adopting a broadly intellectualist psychology, can still offer a rich and sophisticated view of human emotional life.

— James Warren

Classical World
[A] valuable and provocative study. Accessible to general readers and challenging for specialists, [Graver's] investigation of the Stoic theory of emotion succeeds in achieving her aim of sympathetically presenting the intellectual attractions of Stoic moral philosophy.

— Glenn Lesses

Library Journal

The Stoics, who flourished in ancient Athens and Rome for about 400 years, valued rational order, which they felt could nourish and shape human feeling and action. It is a canard-long since corrected-that they wanted to suppress emotion; they have much to say about managing one's life and about the world that is still of interest to us. Graver (classics, Dartmouth Coll.) does not propose to settle philosophical questions. She belongs to the sophisticated tribe that has always tried to use ancient thinkers to awaken us to our own predicaments and show us how our thought patterns came into being. She wastes a chapter trying to argue that the Stoics were on the same track as recent English-speaking materialist philosophers but does good work opening up Stoic ideas about love and other emotions and exploring refinements in Stoic ideas of morality. Readers new to the subject will need a simpler map, e.g., Richard Sorabji's Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation, to help them navigate the issues, while those thirsting for facts should turn first to The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics. Academic libraries will welcome Graver's work.
—Leslie Armour

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226305578
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
09/28/2007
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.63(w) x 9.11(h) x 1.04(d)

Meet the Author

Margaret Graver is professor of classics at Dartmouth College.

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