Today’s weather forecasting is a marvel of digital electronics; it is more accurate, more objective, and more useful than ever. It is the product of advanced meteorological science, employing some of the most powerful and sophisticated computers on the planet. But before all this modern technology was the work of a few determined, brilliant individuals. These men persevered without the benefit of such devices as satellites and automated weather stations to discover how the atmosphere works and how to foretell its future.
Storm Watchers tells the remarkable, little-known stories of these pioneering scientists. John Cox presents their epic quest to determine how to predict the weather accurately, tracing the development of meteorology from the time of Aristotle up to the recent breakthroughs in weather prediction.
Before science explained the ways of the winds and the causes of storms, the study of weather was an act of courage. Cox reveals how the early weathermen struggled to have their voices heard even as naysayers outnumbered them. He also explains how, in later years, conflicts raged on both sides of the Atlantic, with "practical" weather forecasters on one end of the debate and "pure" scientific researchers on the othereach suppressing promising developments.
Cox highlights the groundbreaking work of these storm watchers, from the invention of the thermometer by Galileo to the investigation of the character of storms to the advent of the digital electronic computer, a tool so powerful it fundamentally changed how weather forecasters and atmospheric researchers worked. Along the way, you’ll meet such fascinating individuals as:
- Matthew F. Maury, the U. S. Navy lieutenant whose idea inspired the first systematic information about the best routes for vessels to take across the ocean and what conditions to expect at different times of the year
- Robert FitzRoy, the first official national weather forecaster whose ability to predict advancing storms was ridiculed and criticized
- Lewis Fry Richardson, the first to attempt to forecast weather by solving the equations that describe the physics of the atmosphere
- Jerome Namias, the man who pioneered the modern science of long-range weather prediction
This lively narrative account also includes fascinating stories of many devastating storms, floods, shipwrecks, climate changes, and weather controversies in history. It takes a fresh, behind-the-scenes look at the "American Storm Controversy" and the conflicting forecasts that delayed D-Day. It also tells how early meteorology was considered one step removed from sorcery and about the "discovery" of El Niño.
The efforts of the weathermen profiled in this book have saved and continue to save many lives. Storm Watchers is as much a tribute to their persistence and genius as it is a testament to the remarkable achievement of weather predictionpowerful, everyday science that is too often taken for granted today.