Storming The Heavens / Edition 1

Storming The Heavens / Edition 1

by Antonio Santosuosso
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813341604

ISBN-13: 9780813341606

Pub. Date: 08/01/2003

Publisher: Westview Press


In the closing years of the second century B.C., the ancient world watched as the Roman armies maintained clear superiority over all they surveyed. But, social turmoil prevailed at the heart of her territories, led by an increasing number of dispossessed farmers, too little manpower for the army, and an inevitable conflict with the allies who had fought side by

Overview


In the closing years of the second century B.C., the ancient world watched as the Roman armies maintained clear superiority over all they surveyed. But, social turmoil prevailed at the heart of her territories, led by an increasing number of dispossessed farmers, too little manpower for the army, and an inevitable conflict with the allies who had fought side by side with the Romans to establish Roman dominion. Storming the Heavens looks at this dramatic history from a variety of angles. What changed most radically, Santosuosso argues, was the behavior of soldiers in the Roman armies. The troops became the enemies within, their pillage and slaughter of fellow citizens indiscriminate, their loyalty not to the Republic but to their leaders, as long as they were ample providers of booty. By opening the military ranks to all, the new army abandoned its role as depository of the values of the upper classes and the propertied. Instead, it became an institution of the poor and drain on the power of the Empire. Santosuosso also investigates other topics, such as the monopoly of military power in the hands of a few, the connection between the armed forces and the cherished values of the state, the manipulation of the lower classes so that they would accept the view of life, control, and power dictated by the oligarchy, and the subjugation and dehumanization of subject peoples, whether they be Gauls, Britons, Germans, Africans, or even the Romans themselves.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813341606
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
08/01/2003
Series:
History and Warfare Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
288
Sales rank:
831,506
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figuresix
Acknowledgmentsxi
Introduction1
1All--Rich and Poor, Well-Born and Commoners--Must Defend the State5
Recruiting All Citizens10
Soldiers' Pay14
The Equipment of the Roman Soldier16
The Making of the Roman Man22
2Armies of Pillagers29
The Social Wars30
The Face of the New Soldier34
Spartacus and the Slave Revolt43
Caesar's Soldiers46
Typology of Warfare in the Last Days of the Republic50
3Julius Caesar: Thoughts and Actions of a Commander57
The Conquest of Gaul58
War According to Caesar: Psychological, Strategic, and Tactical Concepts64
The Matter of Logistics76
4Of Gods, Military Leaders, and Politicians81
Murder as a Religious Sacrifice81
The Symbols of Political Power84
How to Deify a Leader85
5"My Soldiers, My Army, My Fleet"91
The Emperor's Men92
Commanders and the Rank and File98
Recruitment and Social Status99
Discipline, Pay, and Rewards102
The New Army106
The Reluctant God109
A Physician for a Disease-Ridden Body111
6How to Manage an Empire: Strengths and Pitfalls119
The Limits of Roman Imperialism120
The Emperor as Manager of War130
The Verdict of the Battlefield132
Boudicca's Rebellion136
The Germans139
The Stand at Masada148
How to Make Your Subjects Roman153
7Enemies on the Borders, Violence at Home: Soldiers as the Makers of Emperors167
Blood on the Pretorians' Swords169
The Emperor from Africa172
The Field Army and the Cavalry180
8Rome Is No more: The End of the Empire191
The Late Roman Army192
The Invaders197
Defeat at Adrianople200
The Battles of Ad Salices and Strasburg211
The Illnesses of the Empire218
Epilogue225
Glossary231
Appendix ITime Line, 218 B.C.--A.D. 476235
Appendix IIRoman Emperors, 27 B.C.--A.D. 476241
Selected Bibliography245

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