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This Norton Critical Edition of Stevenson's enduringly popular and chilling tale is based on the 1886 First British Edition, the only edition set directly from Stevenson's manuscript and for which he read proofs. The text has been rigorously annotated for student readers and is accompanied by a textual appendix.
"Backgrounds and Contexts" includes a wealth of materials on the tale's publication history as well as its relevance to Victorian culture. Twelve of Stevenson's letters from the years 1885-87 are excerpted, along with his essay "A Chapter on Dreams," in which he comments on the plot's origin. Ten contemporary responses—including those by Julia Wedgwood, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Henry James—illustrate Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde's initial reception. Stevenson's 1885 tale "Markheim," a precursor to Jekyll and Hyde and a window onto the Victorian sensation market, is reprinted in its entirety in this Norton Critical Edition. Karl Miller, Jenni Calder, and Judith Halberstam discuss literary genres central to Jekyll and Hyde. Four scientific essays—including one by Stephen Jay Gould—elucidate Victorian conceptions of atavism, multiple-personality disorder, narcotics addiction, and sexual aberration. Judith R. Walkowitz and Walter Houghton consider the implications of Victorian moral conformity and political disunity for society at large.
"Performance Adaptations" addresses—in writings by C. Alex Pinkston, Jr., Charles King, and Scott Allen Nollen—the many ways in which Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde has been dramatized over more than a century and explores its status as a perpetually effective vehicle for changing psychological and social concerns. A checklist of major performance adaptions is provided, along with a sampler of publicity photos.
"Criticism" includes essays by G. K. Chesterton, Vladimir Nabokov, Peter K. Garrett, Patrick Brantlinger, and Katherine Linehan that center on the tale's major themes of morality, allegory, and self-alienation.
A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.
|List of Illustrations|
|The Text of Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||1|
|Backgrounds and Contexts||75|
|Composition and Production|
|[Summary of Composition and Early Reception]||77|
|To Sidney Colvin, Late September/early October 1885||80|
|To his Wife, c. October 20, 1885||81|
|To Andrew Lang, Early December 1885||81|
|To Katharine de Mattos, January 1, 1886||81|
|To Will H. Low, January 2, 1886||82|
|To F. W. H. Myers, c. February 23, 1886||82|
|To J. R. Vernon, February 25, 1886||83|
|To Edward Purcell, February 27, 1886||83|
|To F. W. H. Myers, March 1, 1886||84|
|To John Addington Symonds, Early March 1886||85|
|To Thomas Russell Sullivan, c. January 27, 1887||85|
|To John Paul Bocock, c. Mid-November 1887||86|
|The Dream Origin of the Tale||87|
|Mr. Stevenson's Originality of Treatment||93|
|A Mere Bit of Catch-Penny Sensationalism||94|
|The Place of Honour||95|
|Not Merely Strange, but Impossible||95|
|His Very Original Genius||96|
|Letter to Robert Louis Stevenson, March 3, 1886||98|
|The Individualizing Influence of Modern Democracy||100|
|Letter to Robert Bridges, October 28, 1886||101|
|The Art of the Presentation||101|
|The Rev Dr. Nicholson on "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"||102|
|"Markheim" and the Victorian Market for Sensation Fiction||105|
|How I Came to Be Such a Student of Our Penny Press||122|
|Literary Contexts: Doubles, Devils, and Monsters||124|
|The Modern Double||124|
|Stevenson's Scottish Devil Tales||126|
|An Introduction to Gothic Monstrosity||128|
|Scientific Contexts: Conception of the Divided Self||132|
|Post-Darwinist Theories of the Ape Within||132|
|Abject Slaves to the Narcotic||136|
|This Aberrant Inclination in Myself||138|
|Sociohistorical Contexts: Political Disunity and Moral Conformity||141|
|London in the 1880s||141|
|The Stage Premiere of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||152|
|Themes and Variations||156|
|Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Paramount, 1931)||163|
|A Checklist of Major Performance Adaptations||170|
|The Real Stab of the Story||183|
|A Phenomenon of Style||184|
|Instabilities of Meaning, Morality, and Narration||189|
|An Unconscious Allegory about the Masses and Mass Literacy||197|
|Sex, Secrecy and Self-Alienation in Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||204|
|Robert Louis Stevenson: A Chronology||215|
Posted January 2, 2012
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson is a novella written by the Scottish born author. The 1886 work is considered a classic of British literature.
Prosecutor Gabriel John Utterson has taken certain interest in Mr. Edward Hyde even since he trampled a little girl. The crowd gathered forced Mr. Hyde to make retribution, however the check he gave the girl was signed by Dr. Henry Jekyll.
Mr. Utterson also discovers that Mr. Hyde is the sole beneficiary of all of Dr. Jekyll¿s wealth. Utterson tries to discuss the matter of Mr. Hyde with the good doctor which, as one might guess, doesn¿t yield any results.
A year later a member of the British Parliament is murdered and the maid identifies Mr. Hyde. Utterson confronts Dr. Jekyll who shows the lawyer a letter in which Mr. Hyde states that he is will disappear forever.
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson is a well known novella which deals with split personality.
I found it interesting that the book has only two settings, letters and laboratory. Not the clean, sterile laboratory we imagine, but a disgusting, dirty and bloody one which implores the reader to feel the Gothic horror which the author wishes to convey. In this environment is where Mister Hyde is created, a troubled figure, mean and unabated.
Mister Hyde is what Dr. Jekyll wants to be but suppresses within himself. Hyde yearns for violence and sexuality, he is full of strength, uncaring and out of control ¿ or is he actually in full control?
Mr. Hyde celebrates the nature of men unhindered by social norms, rules or laws while Dr. Jekyll self censors himself as a proper gentleman should in Victorian England.
As time goes on, this novella could be read in several ways. There is the most known one, that of split personality, but also could be a pathological angle of investigating the nature of mental illness. In these days, where science, technology and medicine is much more advanced, the story could also be read as a warning on the extreme use of mind altering chemicals, drugs or alcohol and the self destructive properties of such actions.
But Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde could also be read as a philosophy book which deals with the knowledge that we are all on death¿s door. Death, in this case, is represented as a man of flesh and blood. A psychoanalyst could also, somewhat justifiably, could read the story as the psychotic and narcissist fantasy of Dr. Jekyll.
I found the book¿s subject disturbing, not because of the murder or Goth involved, but more on a psychological level. The possibility of every individ&
2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted November 22, 2013
This is a great book. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are easily two of few characters on whom much debates are made. This story of the two characters does just that. It brings up many ideas that can be formulated into something quite out of the ordinary. Great book overall.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted July 29, 2010
Stevenson was an interesting intellectual of his time and cleverly depicting his ideas in this extraordinary story, inspiring a long line of thrillers to come.I really enjoyed reading the old English and crave to read more like it. But I can't help thinking how much more I would have enjoyed this book, had I not known the punch line.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted October 29, 2008
No text was provided for this review.