Strangers to These Shores / Edition 10

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Overview

Sociohistorical coverage of racial, ethnic, religious and other groups

This top-selling comprehensive text examines racial and ethnic relations in the U.S. from a sociohistorical perspective.

The book integrates the three main theoretical perspectives and the experiences of more than 50 racial, ethnic, religious, and other groups.

The Census Update program incorporates 2010 Census data into a course—simply and easily. The components of the Census Update Program include an updated census edition with all charts and graphs—to reflect the results of the 2010 Census. In addition, A Short Introduction to the U.S. Census is available and an updated MySocLab.

Teaching & Learning Experience

  • Personalize Learning —MySocLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • Improve Critical Thinking — The book challenges students to think about socioeconomic indicators of minority groups and how they influence culture.
  • Engage Students — First-hand immigrant accounts and comparative examples help students experience diverse relations on a global scale.
  • Explore Theory — Covers all major theoretical perspectives.
  • Support Instructors — MySocLab enables instructors to assess student progress and adapt course material to meet the specific needs of the class.

Note: MySocLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySocLab, please visit: www.mysoclab.com or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySocLab (at no additional cost). ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205172253 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205172252

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“Provides not only an excellent survey and analysis of prominent issues…but also offers sharp and empirically sound studies of the ethnoracial, gender, and other minority groups in the United States. One of the best texts in race and ethnic relations.”

Stanford M. Lyman, Florida Atlantic University

“A common word used in the assessment of this book by several sociologists is comprehensive….We are invited to read in the pages that follow the story of a resilient society that is struggling to achieve unity out of diversity and, at the same time, guarantee the right to be different….Of special value in this book are the sociological concepts and theories in Part I that are helpful in interpreting and understanding how and why strangers to these shores have adapted to the customs of this country they way they have….Professor Parrillo has made a major contribution to the study of intergroup relations.

Charles V. Willie, Harvard University

“Strangers to These Shores is…a comprehensive examination of the sharpest edges and more nuanced qualities of American pluralism. In its 15 chapters, Professor Parrillo provides students/readers—and those for whom it is not assigned!—with a well conceived, carefully constructed, and highly readable introduction to a very complex subject.”

Peter I. Rose, Smith College

“Parrillo effectively captures the creative energy and tension of the multiracial, multiethnic reality that is American reality—historically, theoretically, and empirically.”

Walda Katz-Fishman, Howard University

“A theoretically informed and historically rich account…with a comprehensive, up-to-date treatment [that] makes it an indispensable guide to the evolution and current state of minority-majority relations. I recommend it highly for classroom use.”

Richard D. Alba, CUNY Graduate Center

“How wonderful to find between the covers of a single volume the experiences of more than a hundred ethnic groups in America presented in concise fashion against a backdrop of major sociological themes.”

Betty Lee Sung, CUNY

“From its opening reflections on the stranger as a social phenomenon to its thoughtful conclusion on the nature and future of the American mosaic, Strangers to These Shores remains one of the best textbooks ever published on race and ethnic relations in the United States. Freshly updated with an eye for detail, engagingly written and a pleasure to read, this new edition practices what it preaches: Parrillo takes diversity in America seriously and seeks to understand it through historically-grounded analyses of the variety of patterns of majority-minority relations and with richly drawn portraits of scores of groups who have made this the world’s most ethnically diverse society. An excellent introduction to a challenging, complex, and ever-changing field of study.”

Ruben G. Rumbaut, University of California, Irvine

Booknews
A text for undergraduates, seeking to understand diversity in America through historically grounded comparative analyses of the variety and evolution of patterns of majority-minority relations in the US. Material is organized in sections on the sociological framework, European Americans, people of color, other minorities, and trends and possibilities. Includes b&w modern and historical photos, key terms, discussion questions, and boxes giving first-hand accounts of the immigrant experience. This new edition examines hate groups and hate crimes, Santer<'i>ans and Hindu Americans, and social indicators of minority progress for all minorities, and includes critical thinking questions in boxes on the international scene. Parrillo is affiliated with William Paterson University. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205260232
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/4/2011
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 528
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Born and raised in Paterson, New Jersey, Vincent N. Parrillo experienced multiculturalism early as the son of a second-generation Italian American father and Irish/German American mother. He grew up in an ethnically diverse neighborhood, developing friendships and teenage romances with second- and third-generation Dutch, German, Italian, and Polish Americans. As he grew older, he developed other friendships that frequently crossed racial and religious lines.

Professor Parrillo came to the field of sociology after first completing a bachelor’s degree in business management and a master’s degree in English. After teaching high school English and then serving as a college administrator, he took his first sociology course when he began doctoral studies at Rutgers University. Inspired by a discipline that scientifically investigates social issues, he changed his major and completed his degree in sociology.

Leaving his administrative post but staying at William Paterson University, Prof. Parrillo has since taught sociology for more than 30 years. He has lectured throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe and has regularly conducted diversity leadership programs for the military and large corporations. His keynote address at a bilingual educators’ conference was published in Vital Speeches of the Day, which normally contains only speeches by national political leaders and heads of corporations and organizations.

Prof. Parrillo was a Fulbright Scholar in the Czech Republic and Scholar-in-Residence at the University of Pisa. He was the keynote speaker at international conferences in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Poland, and Sweden. He has met with government leaders, nongovernment agency leaders, law enforcement officials, and educators in more than a dozen countries as a consultant on immigration policy, hate crimes, and multicultural education. He has done on-air interviews with Radio Free Europe and Voice of America, appeared on national Canadian television, and been interviewed by numerous Canadian and European reporters.

Prof. Parrillo’s ventures into U.S. media include writing, narrating, and producing two PBS award-winning documentaries, Ellis Island: Gateway to America and Smokestacks and Steeples: A Portrait of Paterson. Contacted by reporters across the nation for his views on race and ethnic relations, he has been quoted in dozens of newspapers, including the Chicago Sun-Times, Cincinnati Inquirer, Houston Chronicle, Hartford Courant, Omaha World-Herald, Orlando Sentinel, and Virginian Pilot. He has appeared on numerous U.S. radio and television programs.

Prof. Parrillo is also the author of Understanding Race and Ethnic Relations, third edition (Allyn & Bacon), Contemporary Social Problems, sixth edition (Allyn & Bacon), Cities and Urban Life, fourth edition (with John Macionis), Diversity in America, second edition, and Rethinking Today’s Minorities. His articles and book reviews have appeared in journals such as The Social Science Journal, Sociological Forum, Social Forces, Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Journal of American Ethnic History, and the Encyclopedia of American Immigration. He is General Editor of the Encyclopedia of Sociology for Sage Publications. Several of his books and articles have been translated into other languages, including Chinese, Czech, Danish, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, and Swedish.

An active participant in various capacities throughout the years in the American Sociological Association and Eastern Sociological Society, Prof. Parrillo has been listed in Who’s Who in International Education, Outstanding Educators of America, American Men and Women of Science, and Who’s Who in the East. In 2004, he received the Award for Excellence in Scholarship from William Paterson University. In March 2005, the Eastern Sociological Society named him its Robin M. Williams, Jr. Distinguished Lecturer for 2005—2006, and elected him as its vice president for 2008—2009.

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Table of Contents

IN THIS SECTION:
1.) BRIEF
2.) COMPREHENSIVE


BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Part I: The Sociological Framework
Chapter 1: The Study of Minorities Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure Chapter 3: Prejudice and Discrimination Chapter 4: Intergroup Relations

Part II: European Americans
Chapter 5: Northern and Western Europeans Chapter 6: Southern, Central, and East European Americans

Part III: Visible Minorities
Chapter 7: Native Americans Chapter 8: Asian Americans Chapter 9: Middle Eastern and North African Americans Chapter 10: Black Americans Chapter 11: Hispanic Americans

Part IV: Other Minorities
Chapter 12: Religious Minorities Chapter 13: Women as a Minority Group Chapter 14: Gays, People with Disabilities, and the Elderly

Part V: Contemporary Patterns and Issues
Chapter 15: The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic


COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Part I: Sociological Framework

Chapter 1: The Study of Minorities
The Stranger as a Social Phenomenon Similarity and Attraction Social Distance Perceptions Interactions Minority Groups Minority-Group Characteristics Racial and Ethnic Groups Ethnocentrism In the United States In Other Times and Lands Eurocentrism and Afrocentrism Objectivity The Dillingham Flaw Personal Troubles and Public Issues The Dynamics of Intergroup Relations Sociological Perspectives Functionalist Theory Conflict Theory Interactionist Theory Retrospect

Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure
The Concept of Culture The Reality Construct Language and Other Symbols Cultural Change Cultural Diffusion Borrowed Elements Subcultures Convergent Subcultures Persistent Subcultures Structural Conditions Stratification Social Class Class Consciousness Ethnicity and Social Class Blaming the Poor or Society?
Family Disintegration Perpetuation of Poverty Criticism Intergroup Conflict Cultural Differentiation Structural Differentiation Ethnic Stratification The Power-Differential Theory The Internal-Colonialism Theory Challenges to the Status Quo Is There a White Culture?
Retrospect

Chapter 3: Prejudice and Discrimination
Prejudice The Psychology of Prejudice Levels of Prejudice Self-Justification Personality Frustration The Sociology of Prejudice Socialization Economic Competition Social Norms Stereotyping Ethnophaulisms Ethnic Humor The Influence of Television Perpetuation of Stereotypes Influencing of Attitudes The Influence of Advertising and Music Advertising Music Can Prejudice Be Reduced?
Interaction Education Diversity Training Discrimination Levels of Discrimination Relationships between Prejudice and Discrimination The Unprejudiced Nondiscriminator The Unprejudiced Discriminator The Prejudiced Nondiscriminator The Prejudiced Discriminator Social and Institutional Discrimination The Affirmative-Action Controversy The Concepts of Justice, Liberty, and Equality Affirmative Action Begins Court Challenges and Rulings Has Affirmative Action Worked?
Public Opinion Racial Profiling Retrospect

Chapter 4: Intergroup Relations
Minority-Group Responses Ethnic- and Racial-Group Identity Avoidance Deviance Defiance Acceptance Consequences of Minority-Group Status Negative Self-Image The Vicious-Circle Phenomenon Marginality Middleman Minorities Dominant-Group Responses Legislative Controls Segregation Expulsion Xenophobia Annihilation Hate Groups Hate Crimes Exploitation Minority-Minority Relations Theories of Minority Integration Assimilation (Anglo-Conformity) Theory Anglo-Conformity Types of Assimilation Amalgamation (Melting-Pot) Theory Advocates Did We Melt?
Accommodation (Pluralistic) Theory Early Analysis Pluralistic Reality Dual Realities Retrospect

Part II: European Americans

Chapter 5: North and West European Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective The Colonial Period Cultural Diversity Religious Intolerance The Early National Period The 1790 Census Early Signs of Nativist Reactions Xenophobia Legislative Action The Pre–Civil War Period Structural Conditions Xenophobia English Americans The Departure Culture Shock Resisting Assimilation English Influence Dutch Americans Structural Conditions Pluralism French Americans Marginality and Assimilation Francophobia Pluralism Louisiana French French Canadians German Americans Early Reactions The Second Wave: Segregation and Pluralism Societal Responses Cultural Impact Irish Americans Cultural Differentiation Societal Reaction and Finding Jobs Minority Response Actions and Reactions Labor Conflict Upward Mobility The New Irish Scandinavian Americans Ingroup Solidarity Ethnic Identity Social Realities for Women Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 6: South, Central, and East European Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective The Push–Pull Factors Structural Conditions Societal Reaction Racism Americanization Xenophobia Legislative Action Slavic Americans Earlier Immigrants Recent Immigrants Polish Americans Culture Shock Community Organization Polish Americans Today Russian Americans Life in the United States Xenophobia Recent Immigrants Ukrainian Americans Earlier Immigrants Recent Immigrants Hungarian Americans Labor Conditions Recent Immigrants Italian Americans The Great Migration Societal Hostility Social Patterns Marginality Social Mobility Italian Americans Today Greek Americans Occupational Distribution Social Patterns Societal Reaction Greek Americans Today Romani Americans Cultural Differentiation Evasive Pluralism Immigrant Women and Work Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Part III: Visible Minorities

Chapter 7: Native Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective Early Encounters Cultural Strains Differing Values Values and Social Structure Stereotyping Changes in Government Policies Indian Removal Act Expulsion The Cherokee Reservations and Dependence Indian Reorganization Act The Relocation Program The Termination Act Present-Day Native American Life Population Education Improvement Tribal Colleges and Universities Employment Tribal Enterprise The “New Buffalo”
Health Concerns Suicide and Violence Alcohol Abuse Housing Natural Resources Environmental Issues Blackfeet Navajo Southern Ute Council of Energy Resource Tribes Environmental Racism Water Rights Red Power Pan-Indianism Militancy The Courts Bureau of Indian Affairs Urban Native Americans Cultural Impact Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 8: Asian Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective Cultural Attributes The Chinese Structural Conditions Societal Reaction Legislative Action Avoidance and Segregation Social Factors Recent Immigrants Socioeconomic Characteristics The Japanese Economic Competition National Policy Expulsion and Imprisonment Recent Immigrants The Filipinos Early Immigrants The Scarcity of Filipino Women Recent Immigrants The Koreans Early Immigrants Recent Immigrants The Role of the Church Occupational Adaptation The Asian Indians Early Immigrants Societal Reaction Minority Response Recent Immigrants The Pakistanis The Vietnamese Cultural Differentiation Acculturation Other Southeast Asians Ethnoviolence The Model-Minority Stereotype Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 9: Middle Eastern and North African Americans Sociohistorical Perspective The Push–Pull Factors Structural Conditions Societal Reaction Arab Americans Social Organization Residential Patterning Social Indicators Fighting Stereotypes and Group Blame Lebanese and Syrian Americans Ethnic Identity Migration and Settlement Culture Conflicts Early Patterns Upward Mobility The Contemporary Scene Egyptian Americans A Growing Wave of Immigration Settlement and Acculturation Iraqi Americans Homeland Influence The Contemporary Scene Palestinian Americans Homeland Influence The American Federation of Ramallah Community Life Iranian Americans Israeli Americans Push–Pull Factors Settlement Patterns Adjustment and Identity Turkish Americans Factors Against Immigration Societal Attitudes Settlement Patterns Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 10: Black Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective The Years of Slavery Racism and Its Legacy Institutionalized Racism Immigration and Jim Crow Effects of Jim Crow The South The North The Ku Klux Klan The Winds of Change Desegregation: The First Phase Desegregation: The Second Phase Urban Unrest The 1960s Riots The 1980s Miami Riots The 1992 Los Angeles Riot The Bell Curve Debate Early IQ Tests IQ Test Performance by Other Groups Language as Prejudice Social Indicators of Black Progress Education Income Occupation Housing Redlining Residential Segregation Race or Class?
The Black Middle Class The Black Poor The Racial Divide African and Afro-Caribbean Immigrants Afro-Caribbean Americans The Haitians The Jamaicans African-born Americans Cape Verdean Americans Nigerian Americans Assimilation Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 11: Hispanic Americans
Sociohistorical Perspective Structural Conditions Cultural Differentiation The Cosmic Race Machismo Dignidad Racial Attitudes Other Cultural Attributes Current Patterns Social Indicators of Hispanic Progress Education Income Occupation Mexican Americans Recruiting Mexicans Expulsion Violence Urban Life Stereotyping Chicano Power Current Patterns Puerto Rican Americans Early Relations The Push–Pull Factors The Family Religion Puerto Rican Communities Socioeconomic Characteristics Cuban Americans Migration Ethnic Communities The Contemporary Scene Cultural Values Caribbean, Central, and South Americans Dominican Americans Salvadoran Americans Nicaraguan Americans Colombian Americans Assimilation Education Family Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Part IV: Other Minorities

Chapter 12: Religious Minorities
Sociohistorical Perspective Catholic Americans Societal Hostility Values and Practices Religion Education The Contemporary Scene Jewish Americans Immigration Before 1880
Newcomers and Tension Anti-Semitism Upward Mobility Social Interaction Jewish Identity Mormon Americans The Early Years Values and Practices Family Education Religion Economics The Contemporary Scene Muslim Americans Values and Practices Confronting Prejudice and Discrimination Amish Americans Values, Symbols, and Practices Conflicts with Society Rastafarian Americans The Early Years in Jamaica From Outcasts to Social Acceptance Values, Symbols, and Practices The Contemporary Scene Santerían Americans Values, Symbols, and Practices Santería in the United States Hindu Americans Values, Symbols, and Practices Hinduism in the United States Religion and U.S. Society Civil Religion Current Controversies Assimilation Sociological analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 13: Women as a Minority Group
Sociohistorical Perspective Restrictions on Women The Suffrage Movement The Women’s Liberation Movement The Reality of Gender Differences Biological Explanations Socialization and Gender Roles Childhood Socialization Advertising Immigrant and Minority Women Vestiges of White Ethnic Orientations Today’s Minority Women Commonalities Social Indicators of Women’s Status Education Employment Income Sexual Harassment Complaints and Actions Sexism and the Law Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Chapter 14: Gays, People with Disabilities, and the Elderly
Sexual Orientation Sociohistorical Perspective Gay Genetics Homosexuality in the United States Stigma and Sanctions Tolerance and Backlash How Many Gays Are There?
Public Attitudes About Homosexuality Current Issues Hate Crimes Same-Sex Marriages Gay Parenting People with Disabilities Sociohistorical Perspective Americans with Disabilities Legislative Actions Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Myths and Stereotypes Current Issues Old Age Sociohistorical Perspective The Graying of America Growing Diversity of the Older Population Demographic Factors Values About Age Myths and Stereotypes Mental Capacities Sexuality Current Issues Age Discrimination Economic Security Health Care Immigrant Elderly Sociological Analysis The Functionalist View Activity Theory Disengagement Theory The Conflict View The Interactionist View Retrospect

Part V: Contemporary Patterns and Issues

Chapter 15: The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic
Ethnic Consciousness Country of Origin as a Factor The Three-Generation Hypothesis The Changing Face of Ethnicity Transnationalism Social Capital Segmented Assimilation Naturalization Ethnicity as a Social Process Migration Patterns Symbolic Ethnicity Current Ethnic Issues Immigration Fears Jobs Wages Costs and Contributions Public-Opinion Polls Unauthorized Immigrants Language Retention Bilingual Education The Official English Movement Multiculturalism Diversity in the Future Social Indicators of Change Interethnic Marriages Interracial Marriages Racial Identity Religion and Migration Beyond Tomorrow

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