STRATEGIC APPRAISAL: UNITED STATES AIR AND SPACE P / Edition 1

STRATEGIC APPRAISAL: UNITED STATES AIR AND SPACE P / Edition 1

by Zalmay M. Khalilzad, Jeremy Shapiro
     
 

This book explores the U.S. Air Force as an instrument of national power and as an institution.See more details below

Overview

This book explores the U.S. Air Force as an instrument of national power and as an institution.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780833029546
Publisher:
RAND Corporation
Publication date:
06/28/2002
Series:
Strategic Appraisal Series, #1314
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
481
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)
Lexile:
1510L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Prefaceiii
Figuresxiii
Tablesxvii
Acknowledgmentsxix
Abbreviationsxxi
Chapter 1Introduction: The Price of Success1
What Has Stayed the Same2
What Has Changed4
Smaller-Scale Contingencies4
The Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction5
Emerging Challenges6
Emerging Opportunities8
Getting Past Success11
Part IThe Geopolitical Context for Aerospace Power13
Chapter 2Forces for What? Geopolitical Context and Air Force Capabilities15
The Geopolitical Context15
Evolution of the International System16
U.S. Goals29
U.S. Requirements for Military Forces32
The Maturation of U.S. Aerospace Power: Capabilities of Today's Forces35
Defeating Enemy Air Attacks35
Destroying Fixed Targets35
Destroying Mechanized Ground Forces37
Information and Its Uses38
Survivability39
Implications for U.S. Joint Operations41
Challenges for the USAF42
Modernization and Recapitalization43
Human Capital44
Conclusion: Creating Options46
References46
Chapter 3The Future of U.S. Coercive Airpower51
The American Way of Coercion54
A Preference for Multilateralism55
An Intolerance for Casualties55
Aversion to Civilian Suffering56
A Preference for and a Belief in Technological Solutions57
A Commitment to International Norms57
Summary58
Adversary Countercoercive Strategies: A Taxonomy58
Create Innocent Suffering60
Shatter Alliances63
Create Counteralliances65
Create Actual or Prospective U.S. or Allied Casualties66
Play Up Nationalism at Home69
Threaten Use of WMD71
The Future of U.S. Coercive Airpower74
References77
Part IIWhere Does the Usaf Need to Go?83
Chapter 4Modernizing the Combat Forces: Near-Term Options85
Missions85
Conditions and Constraints88
Roles of Air and Space Forces91
Modernization--Key Considerations94
An Aging Fleet94
Analytical Approach96
Force Mix Alternatives96
Approach99
Force Mix Recommendations105
Fighter-Bomber Mix105
Trades Among Fighters113
Summary Force Mix Alternatives117
Cost Sensitivities119
Impact of Cost Growth in F-22X and F-22E Programs120
Impact of Cost Growth in JSF Program120
SSCs and Ongoing Deployments123
Force Requirements to Support Deployed Aircraft129
No-Fly and Exclusion Zones131
Force Structure Requirements for Ongoing Deployments and SSCs135
Force Structure Implications of SSCs139
Summary139
References141
Chapter 5Space Challenges143
Current Space Activities143
The Civil Space Sector144
The Commercial Space Sector147
The National Security Space Sector154
World Players160
Motivations for Change162
Bureaucratic and Technological Forcing Functions162
Threat-Driven Considerations165
Future Choices171
Policy171
Enterprise174
Organization175
Ways Ahead177
References178
Chapter 6U.S. Military Opportunities: Information-Warfare Concepts of Operation187
Introduction187
What Do We Mean by "Information Warfare"?188
The Importance of Offensive Information Warfare189
Emerging Asymmetric Strategies191
Increasing Niche Capabilities192
Enemy Strategies That Target Key U.S. Vulnerabilities196
Political Constraints on U.S. Force Deployments198
Developing Operational Concepts for Future Offensive Information Warfare200
Information-Based Deterrence201
Preserving Strategic Reach206
Counterstrike210
Counter-C[superscript 4]ISR215
Comparing the Four CONOPs219
References222
Chapter 7Nuclear Weapons and U.S. National Security Strategy for a New Century225
Why a Reevaluation of U.S. Nuclear Policy Is Needed, and Why People Should Care226
The Historical Context: The Legacy, Lessons, and Constraints229
The Cold War Legacy229
The Sea Change--The End of the Cold War235
Why Nukes?238
And Why Not240
Where Nuclear Weapons Might Fit241
Terror Weapons for Traditional Deterrence242
Counterforce244
Special Targets245
Critical Military Situations246
A Spectrum of Nuclear Options246
Abolition247
Aggressive Reductions and "Dealerting"249
"Business as Usual, Only Smaller"254
A More-Aggressive Nuclear Posture255
Nuclear Emphasis256
Issues Affecting U.S. Choices of a Future Nuclear Strategy257
Political Sustainability257
Maintaining a Robust Nuclear Deterrent257
Preparing for Operational Use of Nuclear Weapons258
Characteristics of Nuclear Weapon Systems261
Exploiting Asymmetries262
Nuclear Proliferation263
Is "Withering Away" of U.S. Nuclear Capability Inevitable?264
So, Where Do We Go from Here?266
Bibliography274
Chapter 8Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction and Ballistic Missiles283
WMD Characteristics and Scenarios284
Background286
Characteristics of WMD Affecting Their Use290
WMD Scenarios295
Implications of These WMD Scenarios302
Responding to the WMD Threat: Potential Air Force Initiatives306
Potential Air Force TMD Initiatives308
TMD Concepts of Operation310
TMD Effectiveness Analyses317
Potential Air Force NMD Initiatives329
Background: The Cold War330
Post-Cold War Issues332
NMD Systems Implications335
Summary339
Bibliography341
Part IIISupporting Future Forces343
Chapter 9Providing Adequate Access for Expeditionary Aerospace Forces345
Overture345
Access Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow347
A Troublesome Track Record347
The Current Context of Military Access350
Access Options: From "Pure" Strategies to a Portfolio358
Five "Pure" Strategies359
Embracing Uncertainty with a Mixed Strategy365
Building the Portfolio: Eight Recommendations366
Retain Existing MOBs367
Build Forward Support Locations367
Plan for Uncertainty368
Build AEFs with Flexible Configurations369
Develop Improved Active and Passive Defenses370
Expand Contacts with Potential Partners371
Adjust the Force Mix371
Explore New Options372
Summary of Recommendations373
Concluding Remarks373
References374
Chapter 10A Vision for an Evolving Agile Combat Support system377
ACS Decisions and Their "Trade Space"378
An Analytic Framework for Strategic ACS Planning381
Key Findings from ACS Modeling Research383
Overview of a Global ACS System389
Strategic and Long-Term Planning for the ACS System392
References393
Chapter 11Strategic Sourcing in the Air Force397
Strategic Sourcing and Supply-Chain Alignment400
Why Is the Air Force Interested in Outsourcing?405
Policy Alternatives Relevant to an Air Force Strategic Sourcing Program408
Outsourcing408
Privatization409
Gain Sharing410
Innovative Contracting411
Reengineering412
Summary412
Pursuing Strategic Sourcing and Supply-Chain Alignment in Competitive Sourcing412
Eligible Inventory414
What Activities to Include417
Best-Value Competition418
Performance-Based Acquisition420
Incentives for Continuous Improvement423
Discussion425
Looking Beyond Competitive Sourcing426
Summary430
References431
Chapter 12Ready for War But Not for Peace: The Apparent Paradox of Military Preparedness437
Introduction: The Current Paradox of Readiness437
Operational Readiness and How It Is Currently Assessed441
Toward a More-Encompassing Notion of Readiness445
The Great Misconception About Readiness449
Estimating Some Current Major Readiness Problems451
Pilot Training and Flying Hours452
Maintainer Production and Training454
Shortages of Parts457
Reasons for Readiness Problems: Planned and Unplanned459
Planned Readiness Shortfalls461
Unplanned Readiness Problems464
Programmers Versus Operators: Who Should Be in Charge?471
Managing Readiness: Requirements, Resources, and Processes474
Conclusion: There Is No Paradox478
References481

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