Street Gang Patterns and Policies / Edition 1

Street Gang Patterns and Policies / Edition 1

by Malcolm W. Klein, Cheryl L. Maxson
     
 

The problem of street gangs in America is not a new one. But even as the national crime rate has decreased, membership in street gangs has risen to new levels. In the past two decades, numerous prevention and suppression programs have been initiated, on the national and local level, in an attempt to combat this growing social problem. But what do we really know

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Overview

The problem of street gangs in America is not a new one. But even as the national crime rate has decreased, membership in street gangs has risen to new levels. In the past two decades, numerous prevention and suppression programs have been initiated, on the national and local level, in an attempt to combat this growing social problem. But what do we really know about street gangs? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies provides a crucial update and critical examination of knowledge about gangs and major gang control programs across the nation. Often perceived as solely an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural social problem. Malcolm Klein and Cheryl Maxson here focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths joining gangs and to gang formation within communities. Dispelling long-standing assumptions that the public—and the media and law enforcement—have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation, and argue that existing prevention, intervention and suppression methods, targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective, when evaluated. Klein and Maxson close by offering policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book will be a must read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners. Features Authors offer a critical and comprehensive review of the major gang control programs across the United States and provide a thorough update of their own gang-related research. Offers specific policy guidelines to help communities improve their gang prevention, suppression, and intervention methods. Se

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195163445
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
07/27/2006
Series:
Studies in Crime and Public Policy Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.30(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

1Gang prevalence, proliferation, and migration19
2Gang crime patterns68
3Six major gang control programs88
4Individual-level context : risk factors for joining gangs139
5Gang structures and group processes162
6Community contexts209
7Multiple goals for gang control programs and policies231
8A model for policy choices246

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