The Structure and Function of Plastids / Edition 1by Robert R. Wise
Pub. Date: 10/05/2006
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
This volume provides a comprehensive look at the biology of plastids, the multifunctional biosynthetic factories that are unique to plants and algae. Fifty-six international experts have contributed 28 chapters that cover all aspects of this large and diverse family of plant and algal organelles. The book is divided into five sections: (I): Plastid Origin
This volume provides a comprehensive look at the biology of plastids, the multifunctional biosynthetic factories that are unique to plants and algae. Fifty-six international experts have contributed 28 chapters that cover all aspects of this large and diverse family of plant and algal organelles. The book is divided into five sections: (I): Plastid Origin and Development; (II): The Plastid Genome and Its Interaction with the Nuclear Genome; (III): Photosynthetic Metabolism in Plastids; (IV): Non-Photosynthetic Metabolism in Plastids; (V): Plastid Differentiation and Response to Environmental Factors. Each chapter includes an integrated view of plant biology from the standpoint of the plastid. The book is intended for a wide audience, but is specifically designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and scientists in the fields of photosynthesis, biochemistry, molecular biology, physiology, and plant biology.
Table of Contents
Preface.- A Dedication to Pioneers of Research on Chloroplast Structure.- Colour Section.- Plastid Origin and Development: The Diversity of Plastid Form and Function.-Chloroplast Development.- Protein Import into Plastids: Who, When and How?.- Origin and Evolution of Plastids: Genomic View on the Unification and Diversity of Plastids .- The Mechanism of Plastid Division: The Structure and Origin of The Plastid Division Apparatus.- The Plastid Genome and its Interaction with the Nuclear Genome: Expression, Prediction and Function of the Thylakoid Proteome in Higher Plants and Green Algae.- The Role of Nucleus- and Chloroplast-Encoded Factors in the Synthesis of the Photosynthetic Apparatus.- Plastid Transcription: Competition, Regulation, and Promotion by Plastid- and Nuclear-Encoded Polymerases.- Plastid-to-Nucleus Signaling.-Trace Metal Utilization in Chloroplasts.- Photosynthetic Metabolism in Plastids: Light/Dark Regulation of Chloroplast Metabolism.- Chlororespiratory Pathways and their Physiological Significance.- CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms.- Synthesis, Export, and Partitioning of the End Products of Photosynthesis .-Non-Photosynthetic Metabolism in Platids: Chlorophyll Synthesis.- Carotenoids.- Lipid Synthesis, Metabolism and Transport.- Amino Acid Synthesis in Plastids.-Sulfur Metabolism in Plastids.-Regulation and Role of Ca+ Fluxes in Chloroplasts.- Plastid Differentiation and Response to Environmental Factors: The Role of Plastids in Ripening Fruits.- Fate and Activities of Plastids During Leaf Senescence.- The Kleptoplast.- The Apicoplast.-The Role of Plastids in Gravitropism.- Plastid Movements in Response to Environmental Signals.- Oxygen Metabolism and Stress Physiology.- Subject Index.- Species Index.- Author Index.
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