Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System / Edition 2

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Overview

Written by James Watkins, an authority on functional anatomy, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition, integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This unique reference thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. Following a systematic approach, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System describes

-the basic composition and function of the musculoskeletal system;

-mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement;

-functional anatomy of the skeletal, connective tissue, articular, and neuromuscular systems;

-mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components;

-structural adaptation of musculoskeletal components; and

-the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.

Also available as an e-book, the second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System features nearly 700 detailed, full-color illustrations showing key structures and biomechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system. Elementary biomechanical concepts are incorporated throughout the text, offering readers a more integrated understanding of how forces are created and relayed by the components of the musculoskeletal system.

The second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System also includes new information on the effects of aging on muscle function as well as a new appendix with illustrations of each muscle group and tables detailing the origin, insertion, and action of individual muscles. In addition, several new case studies illustrate the response and adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to exercise at various ages and in various situations. These case studies present current research and how the findings can be put to practical use in physical activity, competitive sport, rehabilitation, and activities of daily living.

Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, an extensive subject index, and a glossary that runs parallel to the text. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter identify the key topics, and interesting facts and key points are set off within highlight boxes throughout the text. Highlighted introductory figures assist readers in understanding content as they refer to a sequence of subsequent figures while reading the text. Plus, nearly all the images from the text are included in an image bank that is free to instructors who adopt the text.

Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition, offers readers a clear conception of how the components of the musculoskeletal system coordinate to produce movement and continuously adapt their structure to the strain of everyday physical activity as well as the effects of aging. Illustrated with full-color detail, this unique resource will assist both future and current professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by enhancing their understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system.

The book contains two-color illustrations.

AUDIENCES Course text for undergraduate students of kinesiology, exercise science, sport science, athletic training, and physical education, and a resource for those studying physical therapy, occupational therapy, and podiatric medicine. DESCRIPTION With Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, respected functional anatomy authority James Watkins delivers the first book that integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between structure and function. Drawing from his 23 years of international teaching and research experience, Dr. Watkins creates a unique text that thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. In Part I, Dr. Watkins develops the concept of the musculoskeletal system as a machine capable of generating and transmitting forces. Part II examines the functional anatomy of the muscular and skeletal systems, while Part III addresses musculoskeletal response and adaptation to loading. Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System presents: (mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement and the basic structure and function of the musculoskeletal system; * functional anatomy of the musculoskeletal system featuring chapters on the skeleton, connective tissues, the articular system, joints of the axial skeleton, joints of the appendicular skeleton, the neuromuscular system, and forces in muscles and joints; * mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components; * structural adaptation of the musculoskeletal system; and * etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. The information contained in this book is essential for students and practitioners interested in understanding the workings of a healthy musculoskeletal system. This book uses an open learning model, featuring chapter overviews, key terms, and learning objectives. The book is also packed with excellent illustrations, diagrams, and conceptual models. Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring an instructive glossary that runs parallel to the text and its use of applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, and an extensive subject index.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jonathan Dugas, PhD (UIC College of Applied Health Sciences)
Description: This is an excellent book on the relationship between the structure and the function of the musculoskeletal system for undergraduate students in kinesiology and the movement sciences.
Purpose: In anatomy, structure and function always follow each other, and it is important to have a book for movement science students that addresses both of these concepts. This book does an excellent job of communicating these relationships across the musculoskeletal system.
Audience: Undergraduate students are the audience and the book is appropriately organized and written for this population. Dr. Watkins is an accomplished author who has written or contributed to several books in this area.
Features: Covering the musculoskeletal system from both an anatomical perspective and a functional perspective, this book first addresses basic anatomy in a concise manner before moving on to the applied topics of how movement affects the two systems. A nice touch is the in-text citations, which allow readers to easily seek further information. In addition, the illustrations and figures are excellent with plenty of labels and annotations to make them more meaningful to readers.
Assessment: This is an excellent addition to any undergraduate course in the movement sciences. Students in this discipline require foundational knowledge about anatomy, but often lack the insight into how movement applies to the musculoskeletal system. This book does a fine job addressing this.
Jan A. Ryberg
This excellent introductory text reviews the principles of biomechanics, kinesiology, and functional anatomy as they relate to the movement of the human body. The stated purpose is to develop the student's understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This objective is met through a well structured and clearly written text. The author has published over 70 journal articles and four books in this area. He is also an advisory board member for two prestigious physical education journals. He has written this text primarily for undergraduate students in kinesiology, exercise science, sports science, and physical education. Students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, and podiatry will also find it useful. It is my opinion that the author has written an excellent introductory text. It is legibly written with extensive use of illustrations, conceptual models, and review questions to provide clarity. This text would be an excellent addition to the library of any health professional interested in exercise science or injury prevention. It is a nice adjunct to Enoka's Neuromechanical Basis of Kinesiology, 2nd Edition (Human Kinetics, Inc., 1994) and Norkin's Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis (FA Davis, 1992).
Booknews
A textbook for undergraduate students of kinesiology, exercise science, sport science, and physical education. The text is divided into sections titled the human machine, functional anatomy of the muscular and skeletal systems, and musculoskeletal response and adaptation to loading. Coverage includes elementary mechanics, connective tissues, the articular system, joints of the axial skeleton, the neuromuscular system, and the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. The text is loaded with diagrams and anatomical drawings. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736078900
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/3/2009
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 399
  • Sales rank: 1,115,049
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 11.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow.

Watkins' main teaching and research specializations are musculoskeletal anatomy and the biomechanics of sport and exercise. He has authored over 80 publications, including three well-known textbooks (An Introduction to the Mechanics of Human Movement, 1983; this text, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System; and An Introduction to Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, 2007).

Watkins is a fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), a fellow of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom (PEAUK), and an honorary member of the Association for Physical Education (afPE). He is an advisory board member of the Journal of Sports Sciences and a former chair of the Biomechanics Section of BASES.

In 1975 Watkins received his PhD in biomechanics from the University of Leeds in England. He resides in Swansea, where he enjoys walking, playing golf, and reading about the history of science.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Functional Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System

Chapter 1. The Musculoskeletal System
Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms
Cellular Organization in Multicellular Organisms
Composition and Function of the Musculoskeletal System Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 2. The Skeleton
Terminology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 3. Connective Tissues
Functions of Connective Tissues
Ordinary Connective Tissues
Cartilage
Bone
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 4. The Articular System
Structural Classification of Joints
Joint Movements
Stability-Flexibility Classification of Joints
Synovial Joint Classification
Flexibility, Stability, and Laxity in Synovial Joints
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 5. Joints of the Axial Skeleton
Joints Between the Vertebrae
Degeneration and Damage in the Vertebral Column
Normal Shape of the Vertebral Column
Abnormal Curvature of the Vertebral Column
Joints of the Pelvis
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 6. Joints of the Appendicular Skeleton
Joints and Joint Complexes
Shoulder Complex
Elbow Complex
Wrist Complex
Hip Joint
Knee Complex
Rearfoot Complex
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 7. The Neuromuscular System
Nervous System
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Muscle Fiber Structure and Function
Kinesthetic Sense and Proprioception
Mechanical Characteristics of Musculotendinous Units
Muscle Architecture and Function
Stretch-Shorten Cycle
Summary
Review Questions

Part II. Musculoskeletal Response and Adaptation to Loading

Chapter 8. Elementary Biomechanics
Mechanics and Biomechanics
Center of Gravity
Stability
Center of Pressure
Vector and Scalar Quantities
Moment of a Force
Levers
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 9. Forces in Muscles and Joints
Selective Recruitment of Motor Units to Match Functional Requirements
Forces Acting on the Head in Upright Postures
Moment of External Forces Versus the Magnitude of Internal Forces
Forces About the Hip Joint in One-Leg Stance
Effect of Squat and Stoop Postures on Forces in the Lumbar Region
Swing and Stabilization Components of Muscle Force
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 10. Mechanical Characteristics of Musculoskeletal Components
Stress - Strain Relationships in Solids
Work, Strain Energy, and Kinetic Energy
Viscosity and Viscoelasticity
Active and Passive Loading
Impact and Shock
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 11. Structural Adaptation of the Musculoskeletal System
Adaptation
Biopositive and Bionegative Effects of Loading
Response and Adaptation of Musculoskeletal Components to Loading
Summary
Review Questions

Chapter 12. Etiology of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Injuries
Kinetic Chain
Compensatory Movements
Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Summary
Review Questions

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