The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids / Edition 1

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Overview


Defying the classical definitions of solids and liquids, complex fluids include polymers, colloids, emulsions, foams, gels, liquid crystals, surfactants, and other materials that form flowable microstructures. They are vital to industries that produce polymers (e.g., plastic packaging), colloids (paint), foods (ketchup), and consumer products (toothpaste and shampoo), and are also used in countless other products manufactured by the petroleum, microelectronics, and pharmaceutical industries.
The first advanced textbook on this subject, The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids provides a multidisciplinary and comprehensive introduction to these fascinating and important substances. It offers an up-to-date synopsis of the relationship between the microstructure of complex fluids and their mechanical and flow properties, and also emphasizes the similarities and differences among the various types of complex fluids. Easy to read, it includes over 350 illustrations, extensive literature citations, and many interesting problems, worked examples, and practical applications. Featuring coverage of both foundational material and special topics, this text is highly adaptable for use in a one- or two-semester graduate-level course in chemical engineering, materials science, or physics. It also serves as a valuable monograph for academic and industrial researchers and as a reference book for researchers and educators.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195121971
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 11/26/1998
  • Series: Topics in Chemical Engineering Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 688
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 7.70 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Table of Contents

PART I: FUNDAMENTALS
1. Introduction to Complex Fluids
1.1. Complex Fluids vs. Classical Solids and Liquids
1.2. Examples of Complex Fluids
1.3. Rheological Measurements and Properties
1.4. Kinematics and Stress
1.5. Flow, Slip, and Yield
1.6. Structural Probes of Complex Fluids
1.7. Computational Methods
1.8. The Stress Tensor
1.9. Summary
2. Basic Forces
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Excluded-Volume Interactions
2.3.
2.4. Electrostatic Interactions
2.5. Hydrogen-Bodning, Hydrophobic, and Other Interactions
2.6. Summary
PART II: POLYMERS, GLASSY LIQUIDS, AND POLYMER GELS
3. Polymers
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Equilibrium Properties
3.3. Intrinsic Velocity and Overlap Concentration
3.4. Elementary Molecular Theories
3.5. Linear Viscoelasticity and Time-Temperature Superposition
3.6. The Rheology of Dilute Polymer Solutions
3.7. The Rheology of Entangled Polymers
3.8. Summary
4. Glassy Liquids
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Phenomenology of the Glass Transition
4.3. Free-Volume Theories
4.4. Entropy Theories
4.5. Nonlinear Relaxation and Aging
4.6. Mode-Coupling Theory and Colloidal Hard-Sphere Glasses
4.7. Simulations of Analog Models
4.8. Rheology of Glassy Liquids
4.9. Summary
5. Polymer Gels
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Gelation Theories
5.3. Rheology of Chemical Gels and Near-Gels
5.4. Rheology of Physical Gels
5.5. Summary
PART III: SUSPENSIONS
6. Particulate Suspensions
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Hard, and Slightly Deformable, Spheres
6.3. Nonspherical Particles
6.4. Electrically Charged Particles
6.5. Particles in Viscoelastic Liquids: "Filled Melts"
6.6. Summary
7. Particulate Gels
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Particle Interactions in Suspensions
7.3. Rheology of Particulate Gels
7.4. Summary
8. Electro-and Magnetoresponsive Suspensions
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Electrorheological Fluids
8.3. Magnetorheological Fluids
8.4. Ferrofluids
8.5. Summary
9. Foams, Emulsions, and Blends
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Emulsion Preparation
9.3. Rheology of Emulsions and Immiscible Blends
9.4. Structure and Coarsening of Foams
9.5. Rheology of Foams
9.6. Summary
PART IV: LIQUID CRYSTALS AND SELF-ASSEMBLING FLUIDS
10. Liquid Crystals
10,1. Introduction
10.2. Nematics
10.3. Cholesterics: Chiral Nematics
10.4. Smectics
10.5. Summary
11. Liquid-Crystalline Polymers
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Molecular Characteristics of Liquid-Crystalline Polymers
11.3. Flow Properties of Nematic LCPs
11.4. Molecular Dynamics of Polymeric Nematics
11.5. Moleuclar Theory for the Rheology of Polymeric Nematics
11.6. Summary
12. Surfactant Solutions
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Methods of Predicting Microstructures
12.3. Disordered Micellar Solutions
12.4. Surfactant Liquid Crystals
12.5. Summary
13. Block Copolymers
13.1. Introduction
13.2. Thermodynamics of Block Copolymers
13.3. Rheology and Shear-Aligning of Block Copolymers
13.4. Summary
Each chapter is followed by References
Chapters 1-3, 6-7, and 10 are followed by Problems and Worked Examples
Appendix:. Momentum-Balance Equations in the Absence of Inertia
Common Notation
Author Index
Subject Index

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