The Structure of Argument / Edition 7

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The Structure of Argument covers critical thinking, reading, writing, and research. It is concise but thorough and presents everything students need in an affordable, compact format. The Structure of Argument includes questions, exercises, and writing assignments, and a full semester’s worth of readings. Now presenting Aristotelian and Rogerian as well as Toulmin argument, it includes many fresh readings and additional support for academic writing to help students stake their claim. Its emphasis on Toulmin argument makes Structure highly teachable, since the approach fits with the goals of the composition course. An electronic edition is available at half the price of the print book.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312650698
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 8/3/2011
  • Edition description: Seventh Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 544
  • Sales rank: 152,653
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Annette T. Rottenberg, formerly assistant director of the writing program at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, has taught composition and literature at Chicago City College, SUNY at Buffalo, Duke University, and schools abroad. 
Donna Haisty Winchell has directed the Freshman Composition program and co-directed Digital Portfolio Institutes at Clemson University, where she is Professor of English.  She has edited several freshman writing anthologies and is a frequent presenter at professional conferences. 

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Table of Contents

Part One: Understanding Argument
1. Approaches To Argument
    *Aristotelian Rhetoric 
   *Sample Essay With Analysis: Aristotelian
      *Juan Williams, Don’t Mourn Brown v. Board Of Education
    *Rogerian Argument
      Joe Sharkey, Airport Screeners Could See X-Rated X-Rays
      Chris Kapper, Freedom to Live Trumps All!
    *Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian
      *Michael Kinsley, Racial Profiling At The Airport: Discrimination We’re Afraid to Be
    The Toulmin Model 
    The Terms of Toulmin Argument
      The Claim 
      The Support 
      The Warrant
    Writer’s Guide: Learning the Key Terms
    Sample Essay with Analysis: Toulmin
      Robert J. Samuelson, The Hard Truth of Immigration
    Assignments for Understanding the Structure of Argument
    Research Readiness: Using Databases
2. Critical Reading
    Research Skill: Examining Author, Subject, and Context
      Charles Krauthammer, Let’s Have No More Monkey Trials
    Strategies for Comprehending Arguments
   Sample Annotated Essay
      Edward Jay Epstein, Sex And The Cinema
    Writer’s Guide: Annotating a Text
    Research Skill: Summarizing
    Sample Annotated Essay
      Alfie Kohn, No-Win Situations
      *Stephanie Fairyington, The Gay Option
    Critical Listening
    Reading a Visual Argument
    Assignments for Critical Reading
    Research Readiness: Skimming and Summarizing
3. Analytical Writing
    Writing the Claim
      *Roger Kaplan, Enabling Ignorance
    Planning the Structure 
    Using Sentence Forms to Construct an Argument
    Providing Support
    Writer’s Guide: Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
    Documenting Your Sources
    Writer’s Guide: Documenting Use of Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
    Avoiding Plagiarism
    Examining Some Models
    Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
      *Eric Jaffe, Reality Check  
    Student Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
      *Deion Moore, Psychoanalyzing Reality TV 
    Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Value
      *Noam Shpancer, The Meaning Of Reality (TV)
    Student Analytical Response: Claim of Value
      *Ashley Wilson, The Meaning Of Shpancer (Really)
    Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian Argument
      Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, Parents Need Help: Restricting Access To Video Games
    Readings for Analysis
      Alan M. Dershowitz, Is There a Torturous Road to Justice?
      Seth Finkelstein, Alan Dershowitz’s Tortuous Torturous Argument
      *Barbara A. Spellman, Could Reality Shows Become Reality Experiments?
   *Debate: Should We all Pledge to End Derogatory Use of the Word “Retard”?
      *Patricia E. Bauer, A Movie, a Word and My Family’s Battle
      *Christopher M. Fairman, The Case Against Banning The Word “Retard”
    Assignments for Analytical Writing
    Research Readiness: Incorporating Quotations

Part Two: Analyzing the Elements
4. Definition
    The Purposes of Definition
    Defining the Terms in Your Argument
   Methods for Defining Terms 
    The Definition Essay
    Writer’s Guide: Writing a Definition Essay
    Sample Annotated Essay
      Brian Whitaker, The Definition of Terrorism
    Readings for Analysis 
      *Stanley Fish, When Is a Cross a Cross?
      *William Deresiewicz, Faux Friendship
      *Guy-Uriel Charles, Stop Calling Quake Victims Looters
    Debate: Is the Definition of Marriage Changing?
      Howard Moody, Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need To Separate Church and State
      Jo Ann Citron, Will It Be Marriage or Civil Union?
    Assignments for Understanding Definition
   Research Readiness: Using Encyclopedias
5. Claims
    Claims of Fact
    Sample Essay: Claim of Fact
      Robert J. Samuelson, Picking Sides for the News
    Claims of Value
    Sample Essay: Claim of Value
      Roger Ebert, Crash
    Claims of Policy
    Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Policy
      Elisha Dov Hack, College Life Versus My Moral Code
    Readings for Analysis
      Richard Hayes, Supersize Your Child?
      Wesley Morris, “Saw” Good at Tying Things in Knots
      *Amy Kamenetz, Take This Internship and Shove It
   *Debate: What Is the Social Responsibility of Business?
      *John Mackey, Putting Customers Ahead of Investors
      *T. J. Rodgers, Put Profits First
    Assignments for Understanding Claims
    Research Readiness: Acknowledging Reliable Authorities
6. Support
   Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Values
    Research Skill: Evaluation of Evidence
    Appeals to Needs and Values
    Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Values
    Writer’s Guide: Using Effective Support
    Sample Annotated Essay
      *Louis Uchitelle, American Dream Is Elusive for New Generation
    Sample Essay with Analysis
      Hal R. Varian, The True Cost Of SUVs
      Bethany Royce, The True Confusion about SUV Costs
    Sample Student Essay
      Kristen Weinacker, Safer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious   Merits Of Organic Foods
    Readings for Analysis
      Bernard Goldberg, Connecting The Dots... To Terrorism
      *Charles Murray, Abolish the SAT
      Theodora Ooms, Marriage-Plus
   Debate: Is Assuming the Role of Citizen Journalist Worth the Risk?
      Lily Yulianti, Praise For Student’s Footage Of Virginia Tech Mass Killing
      Mark Memmott with Alan Levin and Greg Livadas, Disaster Photos: Newsworthy or
    Assignments for Providing Support
    Research Readiness: Using Books for Support
7. Warrants
    What Are Warrants?
      Robert A. Sirico, An Unjust Sacrifice
   Types of Warrants
    Sample Annotated Essay
      Michael Levin, The Case for Torture
    Writer’s Guide: Recognizing Warrants
 Readings for Analysis
      Eric Auchard, We’re All Celebrities in Post-Privacy Age
      *, Don’t Jump [Advertisement]
      *Jeff Jacoby, What’s Wrong With Price Gouging?
      *BackBayalltheWay, Response To Jacoby
    *Debate: Is Recycling Plastic Good Stewardship or Bad Business?
      *John Trotti, Why Let Stewardship Get in the Way of a Quick Buck?
      *Sharon Kneiss, Argument for Recycling is Strong

    Assignments for Analyzing Warrants
    Research Readiness: Identifying Reliable Authorities
8. Logic
    Sample Essay: An Inductive Argument 
      Richard Rothstein, True Or False: Schools Fail Immigrants
    Sample Annotated Essay: A Deductive Argument
      David Von Drehle, It’s All About Him
    Common Fallacies
    Writer’s Guide: Avoiding Logical Fallacies
    Readings for Analysis
      *Adolf Hitler, On Nation And Race 
      *Leon Seltzer and David Niose, Teen Sex: The “Holy”—vs. Humanistic— Approach
      Jennifer Grossman, Food For Thought (and for Credit)
    Debate: Should the Federal Government Fund Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?
      Anna Quindlen, A New Look, an Old Battle
      Mona Charen, The Misleading Debate On Stem-Cell Research

    Assignments for Avoiding Flawed Logic
    Research Readiness: Using Up-to-Date Data
9. Language
    The Power of Words
      Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address To Congress, December 8, 1941
      Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
    Picturesque Language
    Concrete and Abstract Language
    Short Cuts
    Sample Annotated Essay
      George W. Bush, President’s Address to the Nation, September 11, 2006
    Writer’s Guide: Choosing Your Words Carefully
    Readings for Analysis
       *William Faulkner, Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
      *Jacob Neusner, The Speech The Graduates Didn’t Hear
      *R. Cort Kirkwood, Driving Home Their Point 
    Debate: Does the Government Have the Right to Regulate Guns?
      Warren E. Burger, The Right To Bear Arms
      Roger D. McGrath, A God-Given Natural Right

    Assignments for Choosing Fair and Precise Language
    Research Readiness: Following a Research Trail
Part Three: Researching, Writing, and Presenting Arguments
10. The Argumentative Paper: Planning and Research

    Finding an Appropriate Topic
    Initiating Research
    Writer’s Guide: Keeping Your Research on Track
    Mapping Research: A Sample Outline
    Using Sources: Primary Research
    Using Sources: Secondary Research 
    Evaluating Source
    Taking Notes
    Documenting Your Research (MLA System)
    Documenting Your Research (APA System)
    Wrapping Up Research
11. The Argumentative Paper: Writing and Documentation
    Organizing the Material
    The MLA System for Citing Sources 
    Preparing the Manuscript
    Writer’s Guide: Checklist for Argumentative Papers
    Sample Research Paper (MLA Style)
      *Kathleen Hedden, Competitive Foods and the Obesity Epidemic 
    The APA System for Citing Sources
    Sample Research Paper (APA Style)
      Angela Mathers, The Controversy Over Women In Combat
12. Oral Argument
    The Audience
    Presentation Aids
    Sample Persuasive Speech
      C. Renzi Stone, Live Longer And Healthier: Stop Eating Meat!
    Reading for Analysis 
      Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have A Dream
 Index of Subjects
 Index of Authors and Titles 

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