Struggle for Kenya: The Loss and Reassertion of Imperial Initiative, 1912-1923

Struggle for Kenya: The Loss and Reassertion of Imperial Initiative, 1912-1923

by Robert M. Maxon
     
 

ISBN-10: 0838634869

ISBN-13: 9780838634868

Pub. Date: 01/28/1993

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press

Struggle for Kenya details the evolution of British policy toward Kenya for the period 1912 to 1923. This was a particularly important time, for during the First World War, London lost the initiative in imperial affairs to Kenya's colonial state and European settlers. The postwar era dawned with the possibility that a settler state might take root in Kenya. However,…  See more details below

Overview

Struggle for Kenya details the evolution of British policy toward Kenya for the period 1912 to 1923. This was a particularly important time, for during the First World War, London lost the initiative in imperial affairs to Kenya's colonial state and European settlers. The postwar era dawned with the possibility that a settler state might take root in Kenya. However, this possibility touched off an intense struggle over imperial policy toward Kenya, and the direction in which the colony seemed to be heading. Protest and pressure from diverse groups helped push the imperial government to reassert control over Kenya. In this work, author Robert M. Maxon describes that process, and demonstrates what was most responsible for the Colonial Office regaining the initiative in the colony. In 1912, the British government, through the Colonial Office, was clearly in control in its relations with the East African Protectorate (which, after 1920, became Kenya). With the start of World War I, the Colonial Office rapidly lost the initiative to Kenya's colonial state and the European settlers resident there. Most responsible for this were the Colonial Office's rapid loss of control over military operations in East Africa, a general lack of interest in Kenya by the Secretaries of State for the Colonies during the war, and the economic gains made by settler agriculture during the conflict. These gains, the postwar stance taken by the Kenya government in support of settler economic and political demands, and the settler's desire for minority self-government provoked a period of intense struggle over the direction of imperial policy toward Kenya that exposed the imperial government's loss of control. As a result of that struggle, which involved protests from Kenya, India, and Great Britain, the Colonial Office finally intervened to regain the initiative in Kenya policy in 1922 and 1923 through the replacing of governor Sir Edward Northey, the development of a new policy agenda for

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780838634868
Publisher:
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press
Publication date:
01/28/1993
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
351
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.36(h) x 1.08(d)

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations9
List of Maps and Tables11
Preface13
1The Colonial Office and Kenya19
The CO19
Struggle for Kenya: The CO and External Pressure Groups in Britain25
The CO and the EAP29
The CO and Sir Percy Girouard36
2Belfield and the CO Before the War, 1912-1443
Belfield Takes Over43
Belfield and Settler Political Demands46
The Indian Question52
In Search of a Land Policy for the EAP54
Befield's Implementation of CO Land Policy58
The CO's Favorable Assessment of Belfield63
Labor65
African Reserves71
Economic Development73
The CO in Control78
3The CO Loses Control, 1914-1679
The CO and the War in East Africa79
Land82
Registration85
Changes at the CO86
The Settlers, Belfield, and the War88
The Settlement of Ex-Soldiers94
The War and Economic Changes98
4The Continued Lack of CO Direction, 1917-18103
The War and Its Impact on African and European Production103
Changes in Command109
Settlers and Political Representation112
Indian Protest118
Other Issues Deferred120
The Appointment of a New Governor124
5General Northey on the Offensive, 1919-20128
Changes at the CO128
Economic Realities130
The Soldier Settlement Scheme140
Labor Shortage and the Colonial State's Response145
The CO and Northey's Labor Circular150
Settler Political Gains158
The Indian Question Emerges160
Continued Indian Dissatisfaction and the CO Response165
The Uasin Gishu Railway Project174
The EAP Becomes a Colony179
Currency and Exchange181
6The CO Regains the Initiative, 1921-22190
Changes at the CO191
The Continuing Labor Controversy193
Currency and Exchange199
The Failure of the Shilling Swindle204
African Protest209
The Continued Problem of Indian Demands213
Seeking a New Policy219
The CO Tries Again224
Kenya's Continuing Economic Difficulties230
Questioning Settler Paramountcy232
Northey's Last Battle240
The Exit of a Governor243
7The CO Takes Control, 1922-23247
Kenya's New Governor247
Seeking a Solution to the Indian Question248
New Leadership at the CO253
Wood-Winterton Once More254
The Threat of a Settler Rebellion256
Support for African Production267
Settlement of the Indian Question270
8Conclusion280
Notes286
Bibliography338
Index345

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