Student Solutions Manual for A Survey of Mathematics with Applications / Edition 9

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Overview

Students of Western civilization need more than facts. They need to understand the cross-cultural, global exchanges that shaped Western history; to be able to draw connections between the social, cultural, political, economic, and intellectual happenings in a given era; and to see the West not as a fixed region, but a living, evolving construct. These needs have long been central to The Making of the West. The book’s chronological narrative emphasizes the wide variety of peoples and cultures that created Western civilization and places them together in a common context, enabling students to witness the unfolding of Western history, understand change over time, and recognize fundamental relationships. Read the preface.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321639318
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 2/9/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 140,777
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

LYNN HUNT (Ph.D., Stanford University) is Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at University of California, Los Angeles. She is the author or editor of several books, including most recently  The First Global Vision of Religion, The Book that Changed Europe, Measuring Time, Making History, and Inventing Human Rights.

 

THOMAS R. MARTIN (Ph.D., Harvard University) is Jeremiah O’Connor Professor in Classics at the College of the Holy Cross. He is the author of Ancient Greece, Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece and is one of the originators of Perseus: Interactive Sources and Studies on Ancient Greece (www.perseus.tufts.edu). He is currently conducting research on the career of Pericles as a political leader in classical Athens as well as on the text of Josephus' Jewish War.

 

BARBARA H. ROSENWEIN (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is professor of history at Loyola University Chicago. She is the author or editor of several books including A Short History of the Middle Ages and Emotional Communities in the Early Middle Ages. She is currently working on a general history of the emotions in the West.

 

BONNIE G. SMITH (Ph.D., University of Rochester) is Board of Governors Professor of History at Rutgers University. She is author or editor of several books including The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History; The Gender of History: Men, Women and Historical Practice; and Ladies of the Leisure Class. Currently she is studying the globalization of European culture and society since the seventeenth century.

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Table of Contents

Prologue: The Beginnings of Human Society, to c. 4000 B.C.E.

The Paleolithic Age, 200,000-10,000 B.C.E.

The Neolithic Age, 10,000-4000 B.C.E.

 

Chapter 1: Early Western Civilization, 4000-1000 B.C.E.

The Concept of Western Civilization

Mesopotamia, Home of the First Civilization, 4000-1000 B.C.E.

Egypt, the First Unified Country, 3050-1000 B.C.E.

The Hittites, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans, 2200-1000 B.C.E.

Terms of History: Civilization

Document: Hammurabi’s Laws for Physicians

Document: Declaring Innocence on Judgment Day in Ancient Egypt

 

Chapter 2: Near East Empires and the Reemergence of Civilization in Greece, 1000-500 B.C.E.

From Dark Age to Empire in the Near East, 1000-500 B.C.E.

The Reemergence of Greek Civilization, 1000-750 B.C.E.

The Creation of the Greek City-State, 750-500 B.C.E.

New Directions for the Greek City-State, 750-500 B.C.E.

Document: Excerpt from a Gatha

Seeing History: The Shift in Sculptural Style from Egypt to Greece

Document: Zaleucus’s Law Code for a Greek City-State in Seventh-Century B.C.E. Italy

Taking Measure: Greek Family Size and Agricultural Labor in the Archaic Age

Contrasting Views: Persians Debate Democracy, Oligarchy, and Monarchy

 

Chapter 3: The Greek Golden Age, c. 500-c. 400 B.C.E.

Wars between Persia and Greece, 499-479 B.C.E.

Athenian Confidence in the Golden Age, 478-431 B.C.E.

Tradition and Innovation in Athens’s Golden Age

The End of Athens’s Golden Age, 431-403 B.C.E.

Contrasting Views: The Nature of Women and Marriage

Document: Athenian Regulations for a Rebellious Ally

Document: Sophists Argue Both Sides of a Case

Taking Measure: Military Forces of Athens and Sparta at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War(431 B.C.E.)

 

Chapter 4: From the Classical to the Hellenistic World, 400-30 B.C.E.

Classical Greece after the Peloponnesian War, 400-350 B.C.E.

The Rise of Macedonia, 359-323 B.C.E.

The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323-30 B.C.E.

Hellenistic Culture

Document: Aristotle on the Nature of the Greek Polis

Document: Epigrams by Women Poets

New Sources, New Perspectives: Papyrus Discoveries and Menander’s Comedies

 

Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome and Its Republic, 753-44 B.C.E.

Roman Social and Religious Traditions

From Monarchy to Republic

Roman Imperialism and Its Consequences

Civil War and the Destruction of the Republic

Document: The Rape and Suicide of Lucretia

Taking Measure: Census Records during the First and Second Punic Wars

Document: Polybius on Roman Military Discipline

Contrasting Views: What Was Julius Caesar Like?

 

Chapter 6: The Creation of the Roman Empire, 44 B.C.E.-284 C.E.

From Republic to Empire, 44 B.C.E.-14 C.E.

Politics and Society in the Early Roman Empire

The Emergence of Christianity in the Early Roman Empire

From Stability to Crisis in the Third Century C.E.

Document: Augustus, Res Gestae (My Accomplishments)

Document: The Scene at a Roman Bath

Contrasting Views: Christians in the Empire: Conspirators or Faithful Subjects?

Document: A Roman Stoic Philosopher on the Capabilities of Women

Taking Measure: The Value of Roman Imperial Coinage, 27 B.C.E.-300 C.E.

 

Chapter 7: The Transformation of the Roman Empire, 284-600 C.E.

From Principate to Dominate in the Late Roman Empire, 284-395

The Official Christianization of the Empire, 312-c. 540

Non-Roman Kingdoms in the Western Roman Empire, c. 370-550s

The Roman Empire in the East, c. 500-565

Document: Diocletian’s Edict on Maximum Prices and Wages

Taking Measure: Peasants’ Use of Farm Produce in the Roman Empire

Document: The Edict of Milan on Religious Freedom

Seeing History: Changing Religious Beliefs: Pagan and Christian Sarcophagi

Contrasting Views: Debate: Did Romans or Huns Better Protect Life, Law, and Freedom?

 

Chapter 8: The Heirs of Rome: Islam, Byzantium, and Europe, 600-750

Islam: A New Religion and a New Empire

Byzantium Besieged

Western Europe: A Medley of Kingdoms

Terms of History: Medieval

Document: The Fatihah of the Qur’an

Document: The Pact of Umar

Seeing History: Who Conquered Whom? A Persian and an Arabic Coin Compared

Document: On Holy Images

Taking Measure: Papal Letters Sent from Rome to Northern Europe, c. 600-c. 700

New Sources, New Perspectives: Anthropology, Archaeology, and Changing Notions of Ethnicity

 

Chapter 9: From Centralization to Fragmentation, 750-1050

The Byzantine Emperor and Local Elites

The Rise and Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate

The Carolingian Empire

After the Carolingians: The Emergence of Local Rule

Document: The Book of the Prefect

Document: When She Approached

Contrasting Views: Charlemagne: Roman Emperor, Father of Europe, or the Chief Bishop?

Terms of History: Feudalism

Taking Measure: Sellers, Buyers, and Donors, 800-1000

 

Chapter 10: Commercial Quickening and Religious Reform, 1050-1150

The Commercial Revolution

Church Reform

The Crusades

The Revival of Monarchies

Document: Peppercorns as Money

Contrasting Views: Henry IV

New Sources, New Perspectives: The Cairo Geniza

Document: Penances for the Invaders (1070)

Taking Measure: English Livestock in 1086

 

Chapter 11: The Flowering of the Middle Ages, 1150-1215

New Schools and Churches

Governments as Institutions

The Growth of a Vernacular High Culture

Religious Fervor and Crusade

Seeing History: Romanesque versus Gothic: The View Down the Nave

Contrasting Views: Magna Carta

Document: Frederick I’s Reply to the Romans

Document: Bertran de Born, "I love the joyful time of Easter"

Document: The Children’s Crusade (1212)

 

Chapter 12: The Medieval Synthesis—and Its Cracks, 1215-1340

The Church’s Mission

Reconciling This World and the Next

The Politics of Control

New Sources, New Perspectives: The Peasants of Montaillou

Document: Thomas Aquinas Writes about Sex

Document: The Debate between Reason and the Lover

Taking Measure: Grain Prices during the Great Famine

 

Chapter 13: Crisis and Renaissance, 1340-1492

Crisis: Disease, War, and Schism

The Renaissance: New Forms of Thought and Expression

Consolidating Power

Taking Measure: Population Losses and the Black Death

Contrasting Views: Joan of Arc: Who Was "the Maid"?

Document: Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (1381)

Terms of History: Renaissance

Document: The Ducal Entry into Ghent (1458)

 

Chapter 14: Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492-1560

The Discovery of New Worlds

The Protestant Reformation

Reshaping Society through Religion

Striving for Mastery

Seeing History: Expanding Geographic Knowledge: World Maps in an Age of Exploration

Document: Columbus Describes His First Voyage (1493)

Contrasting Views: Martin Luther: Holy Man or Heretic?

Document: Ordinances for Calvinist Churches (1547)

 

Chapter 15: Wars of Religion and the Clash of Worldviews, 1560-1648

Religious Conflicts Threaten State Power, 1560-1618

The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648

Economic Crisis and Realignment

The Rise of Science and a Scientific Worldview

Document: The Horrors of the Thirty Years’ War, 1626

Taking Measure: Precious Metals and the Spanish Colonies, 1550-1800

New Sources, New Perspectives: Tree Rings and the Little Ice Age

Document: Sentence Pronounced against Galileo (1633)

Seeing History: Religious Differences in Painting of the Baroque Period: Rubens and Rembrandt

 

Chapter 16: Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640-1700

Louis XIV: Absolutism and Its Limits

Constitutionalism in England

Outposts of Constitutionalism

Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe

The Search for Order in Elite and Popular Culture

Document: Marie de Sévigné, Letter Describing the French Court (1675)

Contrasting Views: The English Civil War

Taking Measure: The Seventeenth-Century Army

Document: John Milton, Defense of Freedom of the Press (1644)

 

Chapter 17: The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700-1750

The Atlantic System and the World Economy

New Social and Cultural Patterns

Consolidation of the European State System

The Birthplace of the Enlightenment

New Sources, New Perspectives: Oral History and the Life of Slaves

Document: The Social Effects of Growing Consumption (1728)

Taking Measure: Relationship of Crop Harvested to Seed Used, 1400-1800

Terms of History: Progress

Document: Montesquieu, Persian Letters: Letter 37 (1721)

 

Chapter 18: The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750-1789

The Enlightenment at Its Height

Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment

State Power in an Era of Reform

Rebellions against State Power

Document: Denis Diderot, "Encyclopedia" (1755)

Contrasting Views: Women and the Enlightenment

Terms of History: Enlightenment

Taking Measure: European Urbanization, 1750-1800

Document: Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)

 

Chapter 19: The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789-1799

The Revolutionary Wave, 1787-1789

From Monarchy to Republic, 1789-1793

Terror and Resistance

Revolution on the March

Terms of History: Revolution

Document: The Rights of Minorities (1789)

Document: Address on Abolishing the Slave Trade (February 5, 1790)

Contrasting Views: Perspectives on the French Revolution

 

Chapter 20: Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800-1830

The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte

"Europe Was at My Feet": Napoleon’s Conquests

The "Restoration" of Europe

Challenges to the Conservative Order

Seeing History: The Clothing Revolution: The Social Meaning of Change in Postrevolutionary Fashion

Document: An Ordinary Soldier on Campaign with Napoleon (1812)

Contrasting Views: Napoleon: For and Against

Document: Wordsworth’s Poetry (1798)

 

Chapter 21: Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830-1850

The Industrial Revolution

Reforming the Social Order

Ideologies and Political Movements

The Revolutions of 1848

Taking Measure: Railroad Lines, 1830-1850

New Sources, New Perspectives: Statistics and the Standard of Living of the Working Class

Document: Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)

Document: Alexis de Tocqueville Describes the June Days in Paris (1848)

 

Chapter 22: Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850-1870

The End of the Concert of Europe

War and Nation Building

Nation Building through Social Order

The Culture of Social Order

Document: Mrs. Seacole: The Other Florence Nightingale

Document: Education of a Mathematical Genius in Russia

Terms of History: Nationalism

Document: Bismarck Tricks the Public to Get His War

Seeing History: Photographing the Nation: Domesticity and War

 

Chapter 23: Empire, Industry, and Everyday Life, 1870-1890

The New Imperialism

The Industry of Empire

Imperial Society and Culture

The Birth of Mass Politics

Document: An African King Describes His Government

Taking Measure: European Emigration, 1870-1890

Contrasting Views: Experiences of Migration

Document: Henrik Ibsen, From A Doll’s House

 

Chapter 24: Modernity and the Road to War, 1890-1914

Public Debate over Private Life

Modernity and the Revolt in Ideas

Growing Tensions in Mass Politics

European Imperialism Challenged

Roads to War

Terms of History: Modern

New Sources, New Perspectives: Psychohistory and Its Lessons

Document: Leon Pinsker Calls for a Jewish State

Document: Turkish Nationalism

Document: Vietnamese Resistance and the Importance of Becoming Modern

Taking Measure: The Growth in Armaments, 1890-1914

 

Chapter 25: World War I and Its Aftermath, 1914-1929

The Great War, 1914-1918

Protest, Revolution, and War’s End, 1917-1918

The Search for Peace in an Era of Revolution

A Decade of Recovery: Europe in the 1920s

Mass Culture and the Rise of Modern Dictators

Seeing History: Portraying Soldiers in World War I

Document: Outbreak of the Russian Revolution

Taking Measure: The Victims of Influenza, 1918-1919

Contrasting Views: The Middle East at the End of World War I: Freedom or Subjugation?

Document: Memory and Battlefield Tourism

 

Chapter 26: The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945

The Great Depression

Totalitarian Triumph

Democracies on the Defensive

The Road to Global War

World War II, 1939-1945

Document: A Family Copes with Unemployment

Terms of History: Fascism

Contrasting Views: Nazism and Hitler: For and Against

Document: The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

New Sources, New Perspectives: Museums and Memory

 

Chapter 27: The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945-1960s

World Politics Transformed

Political and Economic Recovery in Europe

Decolonization in a Cold War Climate

Daily Life and Culture in the Shadow of Nuclear War

New Sources, New Perspectives: Government Archives and the Truth about the Cold War

Document: The Schuman Plan on European Unity (1950)

Document: Torture in Algeria

Document: Popular Culture, Youth Consumerism, and the Birth of the Generation Gap

 

Chapter 28: Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960s-1989

The Revolution in Technology

Postindustrial Society and Culture

Protesting Cold War Conditions

The Testing of Superpower Domination and the End of the Cold War

Taking Measure: Postindustrial Occupational Structure, 1984

Seeing History: Critiquing the Soviet System: Dissident Art in the 1960s and 1970s

Contrasting Views: Feminist Debates

Document: Margaret Thatcher’s Economic Vision

Document: Criticizing Gorbachev

 

Chapter 29: A New Globalism, 1989 to the Present

Collapse of the Soviet Union and Its Aftermath

The Nation-State in a Global Age

An Interconnected World’s New Challenges

Global Culture and Society in the Twenty-first Century

Terms of History: Globalization

Document: Václav Havel, "Czechoslovakia Is Returning to Europe"

Document: The Green Parties Unite Transnationally and Announce Common Goals (2006)

Taking Measure: World Population Growth, 1950-2010

Contrasting Views: The Dutch Debate Globalization, Muslim Immigrants, and Turkey’s Admission to the EU 

 

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