Studies in Archaism of the Egyptian Twenty-Sixth Dynasty

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Living in the past is the phenomenon that underlies this study, which focuses on the causes of the Egyptian archaizing spirit that reached its climax under the Saite Twenty-Sixth Dynasty (664-525 B.C.), resurrecting elements from earlier stages of Egyptian civilization. These elements, which had long since fallen out of use (hence the term 'archaism,' rather than 'tradition' or 'continuity'), include everything from earlier stages of the language to artistic styles and motifs, and to funerary practices. Both royal and private documents are analyzed, as the book attempts to answer the 'why' of the archaizing movement in general by concentrating on the 'how,' that is, the mechanism of the written historical and biographical sources. The study is divided into three parts. Part I covers general questions concerning Salte archaism as a whole, such as the wide variety of epigraphic and orthographic features of the texts of this period, and the question of Saite 'copies,' gathering examples of both scenes and texts which seem to hark back to specific earlier monuments for inspiration. The second part provides a grammatical analysis of both the royal and private texts in the corpus, including a morphological attempt to organize the verbal system of Saite secular Egyptian. The third part allows a detailed look at the royal historical stelae of Dynasty 26. Eight royal historical inscriptions are gathered for the first time with exhaustive critical apparatus including new photographs, facsimile drawings, computer-generated hieroglyphic copies for textbook use, transliteration, translation and commentary. A royal text hieroglyphic index of all words occurring in these stelae is also included.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780710304612
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Publication date: 10/6/1994
  • Series: Studies in Egyptology
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Pt. I Epigraphy, Orthography and the "Copy" Question in Dynasty 26
Ch. 1 Saite "Copies" 1
Ch. 2 Epigraphy and Orthography of Saite Secular Egyptian 61
Pt. II The Secular Verbal System in Dynasty 26: Royal and Private Text Grammatical Studies
Ch. 3 Participles and Relative Forms 109
Ch. 4 The Old Perfective 141
Ch. 5 The [actual symbol not reproducible] Form 151
Ch. 6 The [actual symbol not reproducible] Form 187
Ch. 7 The Infinitive 243
Ch. 8 Negation 259
Ch. 9 Auxiliary Verbs, Compound Forms and Miscellaneous Additional Constructions 267
Pt. III Translations of Royal Historical Stelae of Dynasty 26
Ch. 10 Adoption Stela of Nitocris from Karnak (Document 1) 297
Ch. 11 Stela VII of Psametik I from Saqqara (Document 2) 323
Ch. 12 Stela Lunette of Psametik II from Shellal (Document 3) 333
Ch. 13 Stela of Psametik II from Shellal (Document 4) 337
Ch. 14 Stela of Psametik II from Karnak (Document 5) 351
Ch. 15 Excursus: Comparison of the Shellal and Karnak Stelae of Psametik II (Documents 4 and 5) 357
Ch. 16 Stela of Psametik II from Tanis (Document 6) 365
Ch. 17 Stela of Apries from Memphis (Document 7) 373
Ch. 18 Stela of Amasis from Memphis (Document 8) 381
Ch. 19 Summary and Conclusions 387
Bibliography 411
Royal Hieroglyphic Index 431
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