Studies in Outdoor Recreation: Search and Research for Satisfaction / Edition 3

Studies in Outdoor Recreation: Search and Research for Satisfaction / Edition 3

by Robert E. Manning
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0870715909

ISBN-13: 9780870715907

Pub. Date: 12/01/2010

Publisher: Oregon State University Press

For twenty-five years, Studies in Outdoor Recreation has been a standard text in courses on parks and outdoor recreation and serves as an invaluable reference for park and recreation managers.

The first book to integrate the social science literature on outdoor recreation, it reviews studies from this broad, interdisciplinary field and synthesizes them

Overview

For twenty-five years, Studies in Outdoor Recreation has been a standard text in courses on parks and outdoor recreation and serves as an invaluable reference for park and recreation managers.

The first book to integrate the social science literature on outdoor recreation, it reviews studies from this broad, interdisciplinary field and synthesizes them into a body of knowledge, providing an historical perspective on outdoor recreation research and developing its practical management implications.

This third edition is completely revised to reflect current research and new concerns in the field. A new chapter examines the emerging issue of sense of place and its relationship to outdoor recreation. The book concludes with twenty principles to guide outdoor recreation management and research. An extensive bibliography and A Guide to the Social Science Literature in Outdoor Recreation lead readers to valuable primary source material.

An essential resource for students, scholars, and professionals, Studies in Outdoor Recreation explores the theoretical and methodological issues in outdoor recreation and describes the management implications of outdoor recreation research.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780870715907
Publisher:
Oregon State University Press
Publication date:
12/01/2010
Edition description:
Revised
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition xi

1 Search and Research for Satisfaction: An Introduction to Outdoor Recreation Research

Objectives of the Book 1

Research in Outdoor Recreation 4

Search and Research for Satisfaction 11

Diversity in Outdoor Recreation 16

Quality in Outdoor Recreation 18

Summary and Conclusions 19

2 Social Aspects of Outdoor Recreation: Use and Users

Recreation Use and Users 22

Outdoor Recreation Activity 23

Use Distribution and Dynamics 30

Social Correlates of Outdoor Recreation 33

Cultural Influences on Outdoor Recreation 39

Summary and Conclusions 56

3 Descriptive Aspects of Outdoor Recreation: Attitudes, Preferences, Perceptions

Visitor Attitudes and Preferences 59

Developed Areas 60

Backcountry and Wilderness Areas 63

Trade-offs Among Recreation Conditions 71

Perceptions of Environmental Impacts 74

Visitor Versus Manager Perceptions 76

Summary and Conclusions 79

4 Carrying Capacity: Protecting Recreation Resources and the Visitor Experience

Origins of Carrying Capacity 81

Carrying Capacity and Recreation 82

Limits of Acceptable Change 84

Management Objectives and Indicators and Standards of Quality 86

Carrying Capacity Frameworks 87

The Status of Carrying Capacity 93

Summary and Conclusions 95

5 Crowding in Outdoor Recreation: Use Level, Perceived Crowding, and Visitor Satisfaction

Concern with Crowding 98

Empirical Studies of Crowding 99

The Satisfaction Model 101

Testing the Satisfaction Model 102

Expanding the Satisfaction Model 105

Normative Definitions of Crowding 116

Methodological Issues 129

An Expanded Crowding Model 134

Summary and Conclusions 135

6 Indicators and Standards of Quality: A Normative Approach

A Normative Approach 137

Norm Theory and Methods 138

Indicators of Quality 139

Standards of Quality 146

Theoretical and Methodological Issues 150

Summary and Conclusions 163

7 Motivations and Benefits in Outdoor Recreation: A Behavioral Approach

Early Explorations 166

A Behavioral Approach to Recreation 167

Empirical Tests of the Behavioral Approach 169

Benefits-Based Management 181

Conceptual and Methodological Issues 186

Summary and Conclusions 188

8 The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum: Designs for Diversity

Designs for Diversity 190

The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum 192

Linking Activities, Settings, Motivations, and Benefits 196

Extending the Opportunity Spectrum 201

Summary and Conclusions 204

9 Recreation Conflict: Goal Interference and Social Values

Conflict in Outdoor Recreation 206

Theoretical Models 208

Empirical Studies of Conflict 211

Measuring Conflict 215

An Expanded Conflict Model 216

Managing Conflict 217

Summary and Conclusions 218

10 Substitutability: Alternative Recreation Opportunities

The Concept of Substitutability 220

Activity Types 221

Direct Measures of Substitutability 224

Theory and Methods of Substitutability 231

Summary and Conclusions 235

11 Specialization in Recreation: Experience and Related Concepts

Recreation Experience 237

Measures of Recreation Experience 238

From Experience to Specialization 242

Theory and Methods of Specialization 248

Summary and Conclusions 253

12 Outdoor Recreation Places: Emotional and Symbolic Meanings

An Alternative Approach 256

Measures of Place Attachment and Bonding 257

Theoretical Considerations 262

Summary and Conclusions 271

13 Managing Outdoor Recreation: Alternative Management Practices

Outdoor Recreation Management 273

Alternative Management Practices 279

Evaluating Management Practices 279

Information and Education 279

Use Rationing and Allocation 292

Other Recreation Management Practices 306

Status and Trends in Recreation Management 315

Summary and Conclusions 319

14 Principles and Practices of Outdoor Recreation: Knowledge into Action

Knowledge into Action 322

Principles of Outdoor Recreation 322

A Recreation Management Framework 328

Observations on Recreation Management 335

Relating Research and Management 337

Evolution of Research 341

Summary and Conclusions 342

Appendix A Tables 6-1 and 6-2 345

Appendix B Notes on Sources: A Guide to the Social Science Literature in Outdoor Recreation 382

Bibliography 393

Index 464

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