Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of David Pingree

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This collection of essays reflects the wide range of David Pingree's expertise in the scientific texts (above all, concerning astronomy and astrology) of Ancient Mesopotamia, Greece, India, Persia, and the medieval Arabic, Hebrew and Latin traditions. Both theoretical aspects and the practical applications of the exact sciences-in time keeping, prediction of the future, and the operation of magic-are dealt with.
The book includes several critical editions and translations of hitherto unknown or understudied texts, and a particular emphasis is on the diffusion of scientific learning from one culture to another, and through time.
Above all, the essays show the variety and sophistication of the exact sciences in non-Western societies in pre-modern times.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
« Les articles publiés sont vraiment d’un intérêt remarquable tout en contribuant à l’histoire des mathématiques, de l’astronomie et de l’astrologie. La parution de ce tome n’est pas seulement une manifestation d’honneur à une personne dédiée à la recherche et à la science, comme l’était David Pingree (1933-2005), mais aussi une contribution exceptionnelle à l’étude de l’histoire des sciences du monde antique et médiéval. »
Alexandra Ath. Photopoulou, JOAS 2010
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Charles Burnett, Ph.D. (Cantab.), Professor in the History of Arabic/Islamic Influence in Europe, at the Warburg Institute, University of London, specialises in the translations of Arabic texts into Latin in the Middle Ages, and has collaborated with David Pingree in editing a 12th-century Latin translation of an Arabic astrological text.
Michio Yano, D.Litt. (Kyoto), Professor of the History of Science and Indian Culture, at Kyoto Sangyo University, Japan, specialises in astronomy and astrology in Indian, Islamic and Chinese culture. He is a founding editor of Sciamvs, and has edited the Arabic and Chinese versions of Kushyar ibn Labban's Introduction to Astrology.
Jan P. Hogendijk, Ph.D. (Utrecht), Associate Professor of Mathematics at Utrecht University, Netherlands, has published extensively on the history of mathematical sciences in medieval Islamic civilization.
Kim Plofker, Ph.D. (Brown University), Visiting Scholar in the Department of the History of Mathematics, Brown University, specialises in Indian and Islamic mathematics and astronomy, and in humanities computing areas related to the study of non-Western texts and manuscripts.
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Table of Contents

Constellation into Planet 3
Stars, Cities, and Predictions 16
An Early Observation Text for Mars: HSM 1899.2.112 (= HSM 1490) 33
A Babylonian Rising Times Scheme in Non-Tabular Astronomical Texts 56
Babylonian Mathemagics: Two Mathematical Astronomical-Astrological Texts 95
An 'Almagest' Before Ptolemy's? 129
Ptolemy's Harmonics and the 'Tones of the Universe' in the Canobic Inscription 137
Neither Observation nor Astronomical Tables: An Alternative Way of Computing the Planetary Longitudes in the Early Western Middle Ages 181
Les Tables Faciles de Ptolemee: une edition critique 223
Arabic and Latin Astrology Compared in the Twelfth Century: Firmicus, Adelard of Bath and 'Doctor Elmirethi' ('Aristoteles Milesius') 247
On the Dimension of the Astral Bodies in Zoroastrian Literature: Between Tradition and Scientific Astronomy 267
Jambudvipa: Apples or Plums? 287
Setting Up the Water Clock for Telling the Time of Marriage 302
Planet Worship in Ancient India 331
Competing Cosmologies in Early Modern Indian Astronomy 349
Two Benares Manuscripts of Narayana Pandita's Bijaganitavatamsa 386
Indian Rules for the Decomposition of Fractions 497
Area of a Bow-Figure in India 517
A Survey of Rules for Computing the True Daily Motion of the Planets in India 533
The Problem of the Sun's Corner Altitude and Convergence of Fixed-Point Iterations in Medieval Indian Astronomy 552
Sanskrit Scientific Texts in Indo-Persian Sources, with Special Emphasis on Siddhantas and Karanas 587
The Fragments of Abu Sahl al-Kuhi's Lost Geometrical Works in the Writings of al-Sijzi 609
A Hellenistic Astrological Table Deemed Worthy of Being Penned in Gold Ink: the Arabic Tradition of Vettius Valens' Auxiliary Function for Finding the Length of Life 666
Magic Squares for Daily Life 715
A Prognostication Based on the Conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter in 1166 (561 A.H.) 735
Astrology and Prophecy: The Ikhwan al-Safa and the Legend of the Seven Sleepers 758
Ibn al-Haytham and Eudoxus: The Revival of Homocentric Modeling in Islam 786
Reform of Ptolematic Astronomy at the Court of Ulugh Beg 810
The Zij-i Nasiri by Mahmud ibn Umar: the Earliest Indian Zij and Its Relation to the Ala i Zij 825
Current Bibliography of David Pingree 863
Index of names of ancient and medieval authors 883
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