Study Guide to Accompany Psychology / Edition 5

Study Guide to Accompany Psychology / Edition 5

by Don H. Hockenbury, Sandra E. Hockenbury

ISBN-10: 1429230606

ISBN-13: 9781429230605

Pub. Date: 01/23/2009

Publisher: Worth Publishers

This introductory textbook covers the basic issues of psychology, including: research methods; psychobiological processes; learning, memory, language, intelligence, motivation, and emotion; the development of the self; social psychology; and, psychological problems, disorders, and treatments. The authors have taught psychology at Tulsa Community College. Annotation


This introductory textbook covers the basic issues of psychology, including: research methods; psychobiological processes; learning, memory, language, intelligence, motivation, and emotion; the development of the self; social psychology; and, psychological problems, disorders, and treatments. The authors have taught psychology at Tulsa Community College. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

Worth Publishers
Publication date:
Edition description:
Fifth Edition
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction and Research MethodsPrologue: Miracle Magnets?Introduction: The Origins of Psychology Contemporary Psychology Culture and Human Behavior: What Is Cross-Cultural Psychology The Scientific Method Critical Thinking: What Is Critical Thinking? Descriptive Research Methods Science Versus Pseudoscience: What Is a Pseudoscience? The Experimental Method Focus on Neuroscience: Psychological Research Using Brain Imaging Ethics in Psychological Research In Focus: Questions About the Use of Animals in Psychological Research Closing Thoughts Application: Psychology in the Media: Becoming an Informed Consumer

Chapter 2 Neuroscience and Behavior Prologue: Asha’s Story Introduction: Neuroscience and Behavior The Neuron: The Basic Unit of Communication The Nervous System and the Endocrine System: Communication Throughout the Body A Guided Tour of the Brain Focus on Neuroscience: Is Runner’s High an Endorphine Rush? Science Versus Pseudoscience: Phrenology: The Bumpy Road to Scientific Progress Focus on Neuroscience: Juggling and Brain Plasticity In Focus: The Curious Case of Phineas Gage Specialization in the Cerebral Hemispheres Critical Thinking: "His" and "Her" Brains Science Versus Pseudoscience: Brain Myths Closing Thoughts Application: Pumping Neurons: Maximizing Your Brain’s Potential

Chapter 3 Sensation and Perception Prologue: Learning to See Introduction: What Are Sensation and Perception? Science Versus Pseudoscience: Subliminal Perception Vision: From Light to Sight Focus on Neuroscience: Vision, Experience, and the Brain Hearing: From Vibration to Sound The Chemical and Body Senses: Smell, Taste, Touch, and Position In Focus: Do Pheromones Influence Human Behavior? Perception Culture and Human Behavior: Ways of Seeing Critical Thinking: ESP: Can Perception Occur Without Sensation? Perceptual Illusions The Effects of Experience on Perceptual Interpretations Culture and Human Behavior: Culture and the Müller-Lyer Illusion: The Carpentered-WorldHypothesis Closing Thoughts Application: Strategies to Control Pain

Chapter 4 Consciousness and Its Variations Prologue: Even in Good Men Introduction: Consciousness: Experiencing the "Private I" Biological and Environmental "Clocks" That Regulate Consciousness Sleep In Focus: What You Really Want to Know About Sleep Dreams and Mental Activity During Sleep Focus on Neuroscience: The Dreaming Brain: Turning REM On and Off In Focus: What You Really Want to Know About Dreams Sleep Disorders: Troubled Sleep Critical Thinking: Could a Person Commit Murder While Asleep? Hypnosis Critical Thinking: Is Hypnosis a Special State of Consciousness? Meditation Psychoactive Drugs Focus on Neuroscience: The Addicted Brain: Diminishing Rewards Focus on Neuroscience: How Methamphetamines Erode the Brain Closing Thoughts Application: "Can’t Sleep? Read THIS!"

Chapter 5 Learning Prologue: The Killer Attic Introduction: What Is Learning? Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli In Focus: Watson, Classical Conditioning, and Advertising Contemporary Views of Classical Conditioning In Focus: Evolution, Biological Preparedness and Conditioned Fears: What Gives You the Creeps? Operant Conditioning: Associating Behaviors and Consequences In Focus: Changing the Behavior of Others: Alternatives to Punishment Critical Thinking: Is Human Freedom Just an Illusion? Focus on Neuroscience: Virtual Operant Conditioning: Remote-Controlled "Ratbots" Contemporary Views of Operant Conditioning Observational Learning: Imitating the Actions of Others Focus on Neuroscience: Mirror Neurons: Imitation in the Brain? Critical Thinking: Does "Reel" Violence Cause Real Aggressive Behavior? Closing Thoughts Application: Using Learning Principles to Improve Self-Control

Chapter 6 Memory Prologue: The Drowning Introduction: What Is Memory? Culture and Human Behavior: Culture’s Effect on Earliest Memories Retrieval: Getting Information from Long-Term Memory Forgetting: When Retrieval Fails In Focus: Déjà Vu: An Illusion of Memory Imperfect Memories: Errors, Distortions, and False Memories The Search for the Biological Basis of Memory Critical Thinking: The Memory Wars: Recovered or False Memories? Focus on Neuroscience: Assembling Memories: Echoes and Reflections of Perception In Focus: H.M. and Famous People Focus on Neuroscience: Mapping Brain Changes in Alzheimer’s Disease Closing Thoughts Application: Superpower Memory in Minutes per Day!

Chapter 7 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence Prologue: The Movie Moment Introduction: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence Focus on Neuroscience: Seeing Faces and Places in the Mind’s Eye Solving Problems and Making Decisions Critical Thinking: The Persistence of Unwarranted Beliefs Language and Thought Culture and Human Behavior: The Effect of Language on Perception Measuring Intelligence In Focus: Does a High IQ Score Predict Success in Life? The Nature of Intelligence Critical Thinking: Neurodiversity and the Autism Spectrum Disorders Culture and Human Behavior: Stereotype Threat: Performing When There’s a "Threat in the Air" Closing Thoughts Application: A Workshop on Creativity

Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion Prologue: One Step at a Time Introduction: Motivation and Emotion Motivational Concepts and Theories Biological Motivation: Hunger and Eating Critical Thinking: Has Evolution Programmed Us to Overeat? Focus on Neuroscience: Dopamine Receptors and Obesity Psychological Needs as Motivators Emotion In Focus: Detecting Lies Focus on Neuroscience: Emotions and the Brain Critical Thinking: Emotion in Nonhuman Animals: Laughing Rats, Silly Elephants, and Smiling Dolphins? Theories of Emotion: Explaining Emotion Closing Thoughts Application: Turning Your Goals into Reality

Chapter 9 Lifespan Development Prologue: The Cheerleader and the Skydiver Introduction: Your Life Story Genetic Contributions to Your Life Story Prenatal Development Development During Infancy and Childhood Culture and Human Behavior: Where Does the Baby Sleep? Critical Thinking: The Effects of Child Care on Attachment and Development Adolescence Focus on Neuroscience: The Adolescent Brain: A Work in Progress Culture and Human Behavior: Conflict Between Adolescents and Their Parents Adult Development Late Adulthood and Aging The Final Chapter: Dying and Death Closing Thoughts Application: Raising Psychologically Healthy Children

Chapter 10 Gender and Sexuality Prologue: Soaring with AngelsIntroduction: Gender and Sexuality Gender Stereotypes and Gender Roles Critical Thinking: Are Women Really More Emotional Than Men? Gender-Role Development: Blue Bears and Pink Bunnies In Focus: Beyond Male and Female: Variations in Gender Identity Human Sexuality Culture and Human Behavior: Evolution and Mate Preference Sexual Behavior Focus on Neuroscience: Romantic Love and the Brain In Focus: Everything You Wanted to Know About Sexual Fantasies Sexual Disorders and Problems Closing Thoughts Application: Men, Women, and Conflict: Bridging the Gender Gap

Chapter 11 Personality Prologue: The Secret Twin Introduction: What Is Personality? The Psychoanalytic Perspective on Personality The Humanistic Perspective on Personality Critical Thinking: Freud Versus Rogers on Human Nature The Social Cognitive Perspective on Personality Critical Thinking: Freud Versus Bandura on Human Aggression The Trait Perspective on Personality Focus on Neuroscience: Personality Traits and Patterns of Brain Activity In Focus: Explaining Those Amazing Identical-Twin Similarities Assessing Personality: Psychological Tests Science Versus Pseudoscience: Graphology: The "Write" Way to Assess Personality? Closing Thoughts Application: Possible Selves: Imagine the Possibilities

Chapter 12 Social Psychology Prologue: The "Homeless" Man Introduction: What Is Social Psychology? Person Perception: Forming Impressions of Other People Focus on Neuroscience: Brain Reward When Making Eye Contact with Attractive People Attribution: Explaining Behavior Culture and Human Behavior: Explaining Failure and Murder: Culture and Attributional Biases The Social Psychology of Attitudes Understanding Prejudice Conformity: Following the Crowd Obedience: Just Following Orders Critical Thinking: Abuse at Abu Ghraib: Why Do Ordinary People Commit Evil Acts? Helping Behavior: Coming to the Aid of Strangers The Influence of Groups on Individual Behavior Closing Thoughts Application: The Persuasion Game

Chapter 13 Stress, Health, and Coping Prologue: Katie’s Story Introduction: What Is Stress? Culture and Human Behavior: The Stress of Adapting to a New Culture Physical Effects of Stress: The Mind-Body Connection Focus on Neuroscience: The Mysterious Placebo Effect Individual Factors That Influence the Response to Stress Critical Thinking: Do Personality Factors Cause Disease? In Focus: Providing Effective Social Support Coping: How People Deal with Stress In Focus: Gender Differences in Responding to Stress: "Tend and Befriend" or "Fight-or-Flight?" Closing Thoughts Application: Minimizing the Effects of Stress

Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders Prologue: Behind the Steel Door Introduction: Understanding Psychological Disorders Critical Thinking: Are People with a Mental Illness as Violent as the Media Portray Them? Anxiety Disorders: Intense Apprehension and Worry Mood Disorders: Emotions Gone Awry Critical Thinking: Does Smoking Cause Depression and Other Psychological Disorders? Eating Disorders Personality Disorders: Maladaptive Traits The Dissociative Disorders: Fragmentation of the SelfSchizophrenia: A Different Reality Focus on Neuroscience: The Hallucinating Brain Culture and Human Behavior: Travel Advisory: The Jerusalem Syndrome Focus on Neuroscience: Schizophrenia: A Wildfire in the Brain Closing Thoughts Application: Understanding and Helping to Prevent Suicide

Chapter 15 Therapies Prologue: "A Clear Sense of Being Heard…" Introduction: Psychotherapy and Biomedical Therapy Psychoanalytic Therapy Humanistic Therapy Behavior Therapy In Focus: Using Virtual Reality to Conquer Phobias Cognitive Therapies Group and Family Therapy In Focus: Self-Help Groups: Helping Yourself by Helping Others Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy Science Versus Pseudoscience: EMDR: Can You Wave Your Fears Away? Culture and Human Behavior: Cultural Values and Psychotherapy Biomedical Therapies Focus on Neuroscience: Comparing Psychotherapy and Antidepressant Medication Closing Thoughts Application: What to Expect in Psychotherapy

Appendixes Appendix A: Statistics: Understanding Statistics Prologue: The Tables Are Turned: A Psychologist Becomes a Research Subject Descriptive Statistics Inferential Statistics Endnote

Appendix B: Industrial/Organizational Psychology What Is Industrial/Organization Psychology? Work Settings, Type of Training, and Employment Outlook Box B.1: Name, Title, Generation Personnel Psychology Organizational Behavior Box B.2: Servant Leadership: When It’s Not All About You Workplace Trends and Issues

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