Study of Orchestration (Study Guide) / Edition 3

Study of Orchestration (Study Guide) / Edition 3

4.7 4
by Samuel Adler
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0393977005

ISBN-13: 9780393977004

Pub. Date: 06/01/2002

Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.

The workbook reviews and reinforces the techniques discussed in each chapter of the text. It includes graded self-tests about each choir of the orchestra, as well as worksheets on special topics. The new edition features a broader array of "Listen and Score" exercises as well as opportunities for students to practice reducing orchestral scores to piano scores.

Overview

The workbook reviews and reinforces the techniques discussed in each chapter of the text. It includes graded self-tests about each choir of the orchestra, as well as worksheets on special topics. The new edition features a broader array of "Listen and Score" exercises as well as opportunities for students to practice reducing orchestral scores to piano scores.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780393977004
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date:
06/01/2002
Edition description:
3RD
Pages:
256
Sales rank:
1,238,136
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Part 1Instrumentation
1The Orchestra--Yesterday and Today3
2Bowed String Instruments7
Construction8
Tuning9
Fingering10
Double, Triple, and Quadruple Stops11
Divided Strings12
Vibrato14
Glissando and Portamento15
The Bow16
Bowing17
Non legato17
Legato18
Special On-the-String Bowings21
Special Off-the-String Bowings26
Trills and Other Coloristic Effects Using the Bow28
Coloristic Effects without the Bow33
Mutes39
Scordatura40
Harmonics41
Contemporary String Techniques49
3Individual Bowed String Instruments51
Violin51
Viola65
Violoncello or Cello75
Double Bass83
4Plucked String Instruments89
Harp89
Guitar101
Mandolin103
Banjo106
Zither108
5Scoring for Strings111
Individuality within the Ensemble111
Foreground--Middleground--Background118
Contrapuntal Writing for Strings133
Homophonic Writing for Strings143
Using the String Choir to Accompany a Soloist152
Transcribing from Piano to Strings159
6The Woodwind Choir (Reed Aerophones)164
Construction164
Classifying Woodwind Instruments165
The Principle of Transposition167
Playing Techniques170
The Woodwind Section of a Symphony Orchestra177
Scoring for Woodwind Instruments178
7Individual Woodwinds180
Flute180
Piccolo189
Alto Flute191
Bass Flute193
Oboe193
English Horn199
Other Members of the Oboe Family201
Clarinet205
"Piccolo" Clarinet: Clarinet in D or E[flat]211
Bass Clarinet212
Other Members of the Clarinet Family215
Saxophone217
Bassoon221
Contrabassoon225
8Scoring for Woodwinds and Woodwind-String Combinations229
The Role of Winds in the Symphony Orchestra229
The Variety of Orchestral Treatments238
Homophonic Writing for Winds252
Contrapuntal Writing for Winds261
Using the Wind Choir to Provide a Contrasting Color270
Using the Wind Choir to Double Other Instruments of the Orchestra276
New Types of Articulations for Woodwinds283
Special Effects288
Transcribing from Piano to Winds and Strings291
9Introduction to Brass Instruments295
Composition of the Brass Section296
Brass Instruments and the Written Orchestral Score297
Overblowing and the Principle of the Harmonic Series298
Crooks, Valves, and Slides301
Range303
Tone Production, Articulation, and Tonguing303
Common Characteristics and Effects on All Brass Instruments304
Mutes307
Muting Devices Other Than Mutes310
10Individual Brass Instruments312
Horn312
Trumpet325
Cornet337
Other Members of the Trumpet Family339
Trombone340
Other Members of the Trombone Family349
Tuba349
Other Members of the Tuba Family354
11Scoring for Brass, and Brass Combined with Strings and Winds357
Early Uses of the Brass Choir357
Doubling of Brass Instruments within the Modern Orchestra363
Homophonic Writing for the Brass Choir364
Using the Brass Choir to Present the Melody375
Contrapuntal Writing for the Brass Choir392
Climactic Uses of the Brass Choir413
Using the Brass Choir to Provide a Coloristic Effect424
12The Percussion Ensemble431
Historical Uses of Percussion Instruments within the Orchestra431
Number and Distribution of Percussion Players433
Notation of Percussion Instruments433
Mallets, Beaters, and Sticks434
Categories of Percussion Instruments435
Instruments of Definite Pitch437
Idiophones: Mallet Instruments
Xylophone437
Marimba438
Vibraphone439
Glockenspiel440
Chimes441
Crotales442
Steel Drums443
Idiophones: Shaken or Stroked Instruments
Musical Saw443
Flexatone444
Crystal Glasses444
Membranophones
Timpani445
Roto Toms448
Chordophones
Cimbalom449
Aerophones
Whistles451
Instruments of Indefinite Pitch452
Idiophones: Metal
Cymbals: Crash, Suspended, Hi-Hat, Sizzle, Chinese, Finger452
Triangle454
Anvil455
Cowbells455
Tam-Tam and Other Gongs456
Wind Chimes456
Sleigh Bells457
Bell Tree457
Brake Drum457
Thunder Sheet457
Idiophones: Wooden
Wood Blocks457
Temple Blocks458
Claves458
Castanets458
Sand Block or Sandpaper Block459
Maracas459
Jawbone; Vibraslap459
Guiro460
Ratchet460
Slapstick or Whip460
Log Drum and Slit Drum460
Hammer461
Membranophones
Snare Drum461
Tenor Drum462
Field Drum462
Bass Drum463
Tom-Toms463
Timbales464
Bongos464
Conga Drum465
Tambourine465
Quica; String Drum or Lion's Roar466
Aerophones
Sirens466
Motor Horns467
Wind Machine467
13Keyboard Instruments468
Piano468
Celesta475
Harpsichord478
Organ480
Harmonium483
14Scoring for Percussion with Keyboard Alone or in Combination486
Percussion Layout in the Full Score486
Percussion Section Setup494
Uses of the Percussion Section497
Part 2Orchestration
15Scoring for Orchestra547
The Unison-Octave Tutti548
The Distribution of Foreground--Middleground--Background Elements within the Orchestra558
Orchestrating a Melody or Primary Gesture599
Using the Orchestra to Create Special Effects601
16The Orchestra as Accompanist611
The concerto611
Accompanying the Vocal Soloist, Ensemble, or Chorus639
17Transcribing for Orchestra666
Transcribing from Keyboard or Small Chamber Combinations to Orchestra668
Transcribing from Band or Wind Ensemble to Orchestra715
Transcribing to Various Available Instrumental Combinations741
18The Preparation of Score and Parts757
The Orchestral Score Setup757
The Reduced Score762
The Condensed Score764
Preparing Individual Parts766
19Scoring for Band or Wind Ensemble772
Scoring for Band772
Band Versus Wind Ensemble773
The Percussion Section within the Band or Wind Ensemble773
The Band and Wind Ensemble Score Setup774
Condensed Scores778
Transcribing from Orchestra to Band or Wind Ensemble782
Appendices
AQuick Reference Guides785
Ranges of the Most Frequently Used Orchestral Instruments786
Names of Instruments in Four Languages and Their English Abbreviations793
Frequently Used Orchestral Terms in Four Languages795
BSelect Bibliography797
Orchestration797
Individual Instrumental Technique799
The History of the Orchestra and of Orchestral Instruments802
Band and Wind Ensemble Scoring, Film Scoring, and Commercial Arranging803
Computer and Electronic Music804
Acknowledgments807
Index815

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