A Study Of Pyrolysis Of Charring Materials And Its Application To Fire Safety And Biomass Utilization.

Paperback (Print)
Not Available on BN.com
 

More About This Textbook

Overview

A theoretical and experimental study of pyrolysis of charring material applicable to fire safety and biomass utilization is presented in this thesis. This work is divided into three parts. In the first part, thermal decomposition and pressure generation in charring solids undergoing opposed-flow flame spread is numerically studied with a detailed physics-based model. The result indicates that the char density and product yields are functions of depth due to an insulating char layer. The characteristics of various simplifying model assumptions such as global reaction, infinite rate kinetics and no convective gas transport were examined. In the second part, a method of determining the pyrolysis temperature by enforcing mass and energy balance is proposed and validated by comparison with the decomposition kinetics model and the experiments. This pyrolysis temperature has the form of pyrolysis rate weighted average temperature for the entire charring process. Heat flux, sample size, heat of pyrolysis and kinetic parameters are the most important for determining an appropriate pyrolysis temperature. A non-dimensional correlation to determine an appropriate Tp was proposed. Excellent agreement between the pyrolysis front model using the correlation and experimental data of wood cylinder pyrolysis was achieved. Finally, pyrolysis of wood sphere is studied both experimentally and theoretically. Weight loss and temperatures of the sample were measured during the experiments. Center temperature showed two distinct thermal behaviors with endothermic and exothermic reactions. The numerical study revealed the following findings: (i) Contribution of secondary tar decomposition and lignin decomposition to the temperature peak are small. (ii) Exothermic intermediate solid decomposition is responsible for the temperature peak. (iii) The temperature plateau is caused by endothermic cellulose decomposition. Based on the experimental and numerical results, a novel wood pyrolysis model is proposed. The model consists of three endothermic parallel reactions producing tar, gas and intermediate solid, followed by exothermic intermediate solid conversion to char and exothermic tar decomposition to char and gas. A three-dimensional pyrolysis model for arbitrary geometry charring material was developed using front tracking method. The model was applied for wood sphere pyrolysis analysis and validated by comparison with the one-dimensional model.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243528476
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/3/2011
  • Pages: 162
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.35 (d)

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)