Studying Language: English in Action / Edition 1

Studying Language: English in Action / Edition 1

by Urzula Clark
     
 

ISBN-10: 1403922071

ISBN-13: 9781403922076

Pub. Date: 03/16/2007

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Studying Language: English in Action provides students with practical guidance on studying 'real' spoken and written language data. It introduces key ideas and current critical debates about how English functions within its social and cultural contexts, and provides examples and guidance on how to approach further work in these areas.

Exploring how language is used

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Overview

Studying Language: English in Action provides students with practical guidance on studying 'real' spoken and written language data. It introduces key ideas and current critical debates about how English functions within its social and cultural contexts, and provides examples and guidance on how to approach further work in these areas.

Exploring how language is used in everyday life, the book introduces core topics of language study; language variation, pragmatics, stylistics and critical discourse analysis. The book is divided into four chapters, each of which provides an overview of the topic under consideration, examining the issues, debates and frameworks that currently affect research undertaken in each area. Every chapter ends with a section which provides students with advice on undertaking their own research into its particular topic, including suggestions for students' own investigation and further reading.

About the Author:
Urszula Clark is Senior Lecturer in English at the University of Aston

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781403922076
Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date:
03/16/2007
Series:
Perspectives on the English Language Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.33(w) x 9.53(h) x 0.69(d)

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables     viii
Series Preface     ix
Acknowledgements     xi
Introduction     1
Variation and Change in English     3
Introduction     3
Language, dialect, accent and variety     4
Language     4
The Ebonics debate     6
Dialect, accent and variety     7
Standards of English     8
What is standard English?     8
A brief history of the standardisation of English in England     10
A brief history of the standardisation of English in the United States     16
Studies in variation and change     22
Linguistic variation     22
Social variation     24
Variation and social networks     27
Studying variation in English     30
Selecting a topic for research     30
Project design and sampling     32
Methods of data collection     34
Sound and video recording equipment     41
Transcribing data     42
Analysing data     44
Writing your report     46
Sample projects     47
Further reading     49
Pragmatics andDiscourse     50
Introduction     50
Language, meaning and communication     51
Language in context     52
Language as action     56
Speech act theory     56
The cooperative principle     59
Discourse analysis     63
The structure of talk     64
Conversation analysis     66
Turn-taking     68
Adjacency pairs     68
Presupposition     73
Politeness     75
Context     77
Language, action and interaction     80
Grammar and interaction     82
Studying speech     86
Selecting a topic for research     86
Choosing and collecting data     88
Conventions of transcription     90
Analysing data     91
Sample projects     92
Further reading     93
Stylistics     94
Introduction     94
What is stylistics?     95
Units of language and grammar     97
Stylistic methods and categories of analysis     101
Cohesion     101
Deixis and fictional worlds     113
Similes and metaphors     116
Narrative     118
Representing speech and thought     123
Dialogue in drama     126
Studying stylistics     129
Selecting a topic for study     129
Choosing and collecting data     131
Analysing data     133
Sample projects     135
Further reading     135
Critical Discourse Analysis     137
Introduction     137
Language, society and ideology     138
Language, linguistics and ideology     139
Words and meaning     140
Language and reality     143
Language as discourse     144
Critical linguistics     145
Transitivity     147
Modality     151
A framework for critical discourse analysis     153
Schema theory and members' resources     157
CDA, written discourse analysis and stylistics     162
Studying CDA     164
Selecting a topic for study     165
Choosing and collecting data     165
Analysing data     166
Sample projects     168
Further reading     168
Bibliography      169
Index     177

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