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In this absorbing new collection, Short and Hughes and their distinguished coauthors investigate why and how we study youth gangs. Over the last half-century of research by criminologists, sociologists, and gang experts, investigations of gang behavior have become increasingly specialized and isolated from studies of delinquency and deviance. The authors challenge popular and inaccurate definitions of gangs vs. non-gang youth groups, and show how the amazing diversity of gangs_both domestic and international_demands more rigorous study. This book stimulates thinking about valid methods of defining and interpreting gang behavior, in order to better understand delinquent and criminal behaviors, and their control. It is an ideal text for criminal justice, sociology, and social work courses, and a resource for law enforcement, probation and parole practitioners, and public defenders.
Chapter 1 Preface Chapter 2 Chapter 1: Why Study Gangs? An Intellectual Journey Chapter 3 Chapter 2: Are 'Gang' Studies Dangerous? Youth Violence, Local Context, and the Problem of Reification Chapter 4 Chapter 3: Studying Youth Gangs: The Importance of Context Chapter 5 Chapter 4: The Gang Facilitation Effect and Neighborhood Risk: Do Gangs Have a Stronger Influence on Delinquency in Disadvantaged Areas? Chapter 6 Chapter 5: Neighborhood Effects on Street Gang Behavior Chapter 7 Chapter 6: Youth Gang Social Dynamics and Social Network Analysis: Applying Degree Centrality Measures to Assess the Nature of Gang Boundaries Chapter 8 Chapter 7: Social Network Analysis and Gang Research: Theory and Methods Chapter 9 Chapter 8: A Public Health Model for Studying Youth Gangs Chapter 10 Chapter 9: The Value of Comparisons in Street Gang Research Chapter 11 Chapter 10: Hate Groups or Street Gangs? The Emergence of Racist Skinheads Chapter 12 Chapter 11: Youth Gang Research in Australia Chapter 13 Chapter 12: The Global Impact of Gangs Chapter 14 Chapter 13: Gang Membership and Community Corrections Populations: Characteristics and Recidivism Rates 'Relative' to Other Offenders Chapter 15 Chapter 14: The Comprehensive, Community-wide Gang Program Model: Success and Failure Chapter 16 Chpater 15: Moving Gange Research Forward Chapter 17 References