Style: Language Variation and Identity

Style: Language Variation and Identity

by Nikolas Coupland
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521853036

ISBN-13: 9780521853033

Pub. Date: 07/31/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Style refers to ways of speaking - how speakers use the resource of language variation to make meaning in social encounters. This book develops a coherent theoretical approach to style in sociolinguistics, illustrated with copious examples. It explains how speakers project different social identities and create different social relationships through their style…  See more details below

Overview

Style refers to ways of speaking - how speakers use the resource of language variation to make meaning in social encounters. This book develops a coherent theoretical approach to style in sociolinguistics, illustrated with copious examples. It explains how speakers project different social identities and create different social relationships through their style choices, and how speech-style and social context inter-relate. Style therefore refers to the wide range of strategic actions and performances that speakers engage in, to construct themselves and their social lives. Coupland draws on and integrates a wide variety of contemporary sociolinguistic research as well as his own extensive research in this field. The emphasis is on how social meanings are made locally, in specific relationships, genres, groups and cultures, and on studying language variation as part of the analysis of spoken discourse.

About the Author:
Nikolas Coupland is Professor and Research Director of the Cardiff University Centre for Language and Communication Research

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521853033
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
07/31/2007
Series:
Key Topics in Sociolinguistics Series
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
5.43(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents


List of figures and tables     vii
Preface and acknowledgements     ix
Transcription conventions     xiii
Introduction     1
Locating 'style'     1
Variationism in sociolinguistics     4
Style in sociolinguistics and in stylistics     9
Social meaning     18
Methods and data for researching sociolinguistic style     24
Style in late-modernity     29
Later chapters     31
Style and meaning in sociolinguistic structure     32
Stylistic stratification     32
Limits of the stratification model for style     37
'Standard' and 'non-standard'     42
'Non-standard' speech as 'deviation'     45
Social structure and social practice     47
Style for audiences     54
Talking heads versus social interaction     54
Audience design     58
Communication accommodation theory     62
Some studies of audience design and speech accommodation     64
Limits of audience-focused perspectives     74
Sociolinguistic resources for styling     82
Speech repertoires     82
The ideological basis of variation     85
Habitus and semantic style     89
Language attitudes and meanings for variation     93
Metalanguage, critical distance and performativity     99
Sociolinguistic resources?     103
Styling social identities     106
Social identity, culture and discourse     106
Acts of identity     108
Identity contextualisation processes     111
Framing social class in the travel agency     115
Styling place     121
Voicing ethnicities     126
Indexing gender and sexuality     132
Crossing     137
Omissions     145
High performance and identity stylisation     146
Theorising high performance     146
Stylisation     149
Decontextualisation     155
Voicing political antagonism - Nye     156
Drag and cross-dressing performances     163
Exposed dialects     171
Coda: Style and social reality     177
Change within change     177
The authentic speaker     180
The media(tisa)tion of style     184
References     189
Index     206

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