Substance Use Disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces

Overview

Problems stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol and other drugs are by no means a new phenomenon, although the face of the issues has changed in recent years. National trends indicate substantial increases in the abuse of prescription medications. These increases are particularly prominent within the military, a population that also continues to experience long-standing issues with alcohol abuse. The problem of substance abuse within the military has come under new scrutiny in the context of the two ...
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Overview

Problems stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol and other drugs are by no means a new phenomenon, although the face of the issues has changed in recent years. National trends indicate substantial increases in the abuse of prescription medications. These increases are particularly prominent within the military, a population that also continues to experience long-standing issues with alcohol abuse. The problem of substance abuse within the military has come under new scrutiny in the context of the two concurrent wars in which the United States has been engaged during the past decade--in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn). Increasing rates of alcohol and other drug misuse adversely affect military readiness, family readiness, and safety, thereby posing a significant public health problem for the Department of Defense (DoD).

To better understand this problem, DoD requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) assess the adequacy of current protocols in place across DoD and the different branches of the military pertaining to the prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs). Substance Use Disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces reviews the IOM's task of assessing access to SUD care for service members, members of the National Guard and Reserves, and military dependents, as well as the education and credentialing of SUD care providers, and offers specific recommendations to DoD on where and how improvements in these areas could be made.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Marcos Modiano-Esquenazi, MD (Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This book covers substance use disorders in the military, the effects they have on the troops, and their relationship to high levels of suicide, traumatic brain injury, and PTSD.
Purpose: The main purpose is to address the stress that being in the military poses. The Institute of Medicine wished to evaluate the adequacy and appropriateness of prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders in the military.
Audience: This book is addressed to practitioners interested in substance use disorders in the military population.
Features: After an introduction and background information, the book thoroughly reviews substance use disorders in the military, the military health system, and policies and programs for dealing with substance use disorders. The tables and illustrations are well done.
Assessment: This book addresses a very important topic. At this point, the U.S. is facing the longest war in its history. The exposure of military servicemen and women to different stressors and traumas has contributed to the rise in substance use disorders. This book explains the importance of this public health problem in a thorough and scientific manner.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309260558
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 4/30/2013
  • Pages: 389
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.20 (d)

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