Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia, 1550-1835 / Edition 1by Stuart B. Schwartz
Pub. Date: 02/28/2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This study examines the history of the sugar economy and the peculiar development of plantation society over a three hundred year period in Bahia, a major sugar plantation zone and an important terminus of the Atlantic slave trade. Drawing on little-used archival sources, plantations accounts, and notarial records, Professor Schwartz has examined through both
This study examines the history of the sugar economy and the peculiar development of plantation society over a three hundred year period in Bahia, a major sugar plantation zone and an important terminus of the Atlantic slave trade. Drawing on little-used archival sources, plantations accounts, and notarial records, Professor Schwartz has examined through both quantitative and qualitative methods the various groups that made up plantation society. While he devotes much attention to masters and slaves, he views slavery ultimately as part of a larger structure of social and economic relations. The peculiarities of sugar-making and the nature of plantation labour are used throughout the book as keys to an understanding of roles and relationships in plantation society. A comparative perspective is also employed, so that studies of slavery elsewhere in the Americas inform the analysis, while at many points direct comparisons of the Bahian case with other plantation societies are also made.
Table of Contents
List of figures, maps, and tables; Preface; Abbreviations and special terms; Weights and measures; Part I. Formations, 1500–1600: 1. The sugar plantation: from the Old World to the New; 2. A wasted generation: commercial agriculture and Indian laborers; 3. First slavery: from Indian to African; Part II. The Bahian Engenhos and their World: 4. The Recôncavo; 5. Safra: the ways of sugar making; 6. Workers in the cane, workers at the mill; 7. The Bahian sugar trade to 1750; 8. A noble business: profits and costs; Part III. Sugar Society: 9. A colonial slave society; 10. The planters: masters of men and cane; 11. The cane farmers; 12. Wage workers in a slave economy; 13. The Bahian slave population; 14. The slave family and the limitations of slavery; Part IV. Reorientation and Persistence, 1750–1835: 15. Resurgence; 16. The structure of Bahian slaveholding; 17. Important occasions: the war to end Bahian slavery; Appendixes; Notes; Glossary; Sources and selected bibliography; Sources of figures; Index.
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