Summa Contra Gentiles, 4: Book Four: Salvation / Edition 1

Summa Contra Gentiles, 4: Book Four: Salvation / Edition 1

by St. Thomas Aquinas
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0268016844

ISBN-13: 9780268016845

Pub. Date: 01/01/1975

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press


The Summa Contra Gentiles is not merely the only complete summary of Christian doctrine that St. Thomas has written, but also a creative and even revolutionary work of Christian apologetics composed at the precise moment when Christian thought needed to be intellectually creative in order to master and assimilate the intelligence and wisdom of the Greeks

Overview


The Summa Contra Gentiles is not merely the only complete summary of Christian doctrine that St. Thomas has written, but also a creative and even revolutionary work of Christian apologetics composed at the precise moment when Christian thought needed to be intellectually creative in order to master and assimilate the intelligence and wisdom of the Greeks and the Arabs. In the Summa, Aquinas works to save and purify the thought of the Greeks and the Arabs in the higher light of Christian Revelation, confident that all that had been rational in the ancient philosophers and their followers would become more rational within Christianity.
 
This exposition and defense of divine truth has two main parts: the consideration of that truth that faith professes and reason investigates, and the consideration of the truth that faith professes and reason is not competent to investigate. The exposition of truths accessible to natural reason occupies Aquinas in the first three books of the Summa. His method is to bring forward demonstrative and probable arguments, some of which are drawn from the philosophers, to convince the skeptic. In the fourth book of the Summa St. Thomas appeals to the authority of the Sacred Scripture for those divine truths that surpass the capacity of reason.
 
The present volume is a study of what God has revealed through scripture, specifically the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the end of the world. Book 1 of the Summa deals with God; Book 2, Creation; and Book 3, Providence.
 

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780268016845
Publisher:
University of Notre Dame Press
Publication date:
01/01/1975
Edition description:
1
Pages:
360
Sales rank:
1,279,224
Product dimensions:
5.40(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 11(18)
Bibliography 29(6)
1. Foreword
35(5)
2. That there is generation, paternity, and sonship in the Divinity
40(2)
3. That the Son of God is God
42(1)
4. The opinion of Photinus on the Son of God, and its refutation
43(5)
5. The opinion of Sabellius on the Son of God, and its refutation
48(3)
6. The opinion of Arius about the Son of God
51(4)
7. Refutation of the opinion of Arius on the Son of God
55(7)
8. Solution of the authorities which Arius proposed for himself
62(11)
9. Solution of the authorities of Photinus and of Sabellius
73(2)
10. Arguments against divine generation and procession
75(4)
11. How generation is to be understood in divinity, and what is said of the Son of God in Scripture
79(11)
12. How the Son of God may be called the wisdom of God
90(2)
13. That there is but one Son in the Divinity
92(5)
14. Solution of the arguments against divine generation previously introduced
97(7)
15. On the Holy Spirit, that He is in divinity
104(1)
16. Arguments which made some think the Holy Spirit a Creature
104(3)
17. That the Holy Spirit is true God
107(6)
18. That the Holy Spirit is a subsistent Person
113(3)
19. How one must understand what is said about the Holy Spirit
116(3)
20. On the effects attributed to the Holy Spirit in Scripture regarding the whole creation
119(2)
21. On the effects attributed to the Holy Spirit in Scripture regarding the rational creature, so far as God's gifts to us are concerned
121(4)
22. On the effects attributed to the Holy Spirit in that He moves the creature to God
125(2)
23. An answer to the arguments given above against the divinity of the Holy Spirit
127(6)
24. That the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son
133(8)
25. Arguments of those who want to show that the Holy Spirit does not proceed from the Son and the answers
141(2)
26. That there are but three Persons in divinity: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
143(4)
27. On the Incarnation of the Word according to the tradition of Scripture
147(1)
28. On the error of Photinus about the Incarnation
148(1)
29. On the error of the Manicheans about the Incarnation
149(5)
30. On the error of Valentine about the Incarnation
154(2)
31. On the error of Apollinaris about the body of Christ
156(2)
32. On the error of Arius and Apollinaris about the soul of Christ
158(3)
33. On the error of Apollinaris, who says there was no rational soul in Christ; and the error of Origen, who says the soul of Christ was created before the world
161(2)
34. On the error of Theodore of Mopsueste and Nestorius on the union of the Word to man
163(11)
35. Against the error of Eutyches
174(6)
36. On the error of Macarius of Antioch, who holds there is but one will in Christ
180(2)
37. Against those who said that the soul and body do not constitute a unity in Christ
182(3)
38. Against those who put two supposits or hypostases in the one Person of Christ
185(4)
39. What the Catholic faith holds about the Incarnation of Christ
189(1)
40. Objections against faith in the Incarnation
190(3)
41. How one should understand the Incarnation of the Son of God
193(5)
42. That the assumption of human nature was most suited to the Word of God
198(1)
43. That the human nature assumed by the Word did not pre-exist its assumption, but was assumed in the conception itself
199(2)
44. That the human nature assumed by the Word in the conception itself was perfect in soul and body
201(1)
45. That it became Christ to be born of a virgin
202(3)
46. That Christ was born of the Holy Spirit
205(1)
47. That Christ was not the son of the Holy Spirit in the flesh
206(1)
48. That Christ must not be called a creature
207(1)
49. Solution of the arguments against the Incarnation given above
208(4)
50. That original sin is transmitted from the first parent to his descendants
212(3)
51. Objections against original sin
215(2)
52. Solution of the objections proposed
217(6)
53. Arguments which seem to prove that God's Incarnation was not suitable
223(5)
54. That it was suitable for God to be made flesh
228(5)
55. Answer to the arguments previously set down against the suitability of the Incarnation
233(13)
56. On the necessity of the sacraments
246(2)
57. The distinction of the sacraments of the Old and the New Law
248(1)
58. On the number of the sacraments of the New Law
249(1)
59. On baptism
250(1)
60. On confirmation
251(1)
61. On the Eucharist
252(1)
62. On the error of the infidels about the sacrament of the Eucharist
253(4)
63. Solution of the difficulties set down: first, about the conversion of the bread into the body of Christ
257(4)
64. Solution of the objections made regarding place
261(1)
65. Solution of the objections regarding accidents
262(2)
66. Solution of the objections regarding action and passion
264(3)
67. Solution of the objections regarding fraction
267(1)
68. Solution of the authority introduced
268(1)
69. On the kind of bread and wine that are to be used in this sacrament
269(3)
70. On the sacrament of penance, and, first, that men after receiving sacramental grace are able to sin
272(3)
71. That a man sinning after the grace of the sacraments can be converted by grace
275(2)
72. On the necessity of penance and of its parts
277(5)
73. On the sacrament of extreme unction
282(3)
74. On the sacrament of orders
285(3)
75. On the distinction of orders
288(2)
76. On the episcopal power and that therein one is the highest
290(3)
77. That the sacraments can be dispensed by evil ministers
293(2)
78. On the sacrament of matrimony
295(2)
79. That through Christ the resurrection of bodies is to come
297(3)
80. Objections against the resurrection
300(2)
81. Solution of the objections mentioned
302(6)
82. That men will rise immortal
308(3)
83. That among the risen there will be no use of food or sexual love
311(10)
84. That the bodies of those who rise will be the same in nature
320(3)
85. That the bodies of the risen will have another disposition
323(2)
86. On the quality of glorified bodies
325(2)
87. On the place of the glorified bodies
327(1)
88. On the sex and age of the risen
328(2)
89. On the quality of the riseu bodies among the damned
330(2)
90. How incorporeal substances may suffer from bodily fire
332(2)
91. That immediately after their separation from the body the souls will receive punishment or reward
334(4)
92. That the souls of the saints have after death an unchangeable will in the good
338(3)
93. That after death the souls of the wicked have a will unchangeable in evil
341(1)
94. On the immutability of will in souls detained in purgatory
342(1)
95. On the immutability of wills commonly in all souls after their separation from the body
343(2)
96. On the last judgment
345(1)
97. On the state of the world after the judgment
346(5)
Subject Index 351(6)
Index of Proper Names 357

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