Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8.0 Study Guide (Exam 310-011 & 310-012)

Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8.0 Study Guide (Exam 310-011 & 310-012)

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by Inc. Syngress Media, Stephen Potter, James Dennis, Inc Syngress Media

With this guide, the only one that covers this newly updated certification, candidates can skip expensive three-week training program and study at their own pace for exams 310-009 and 310-010.  See more details below


With this guide, the only one that covers this newly updated certification, candidates can skip expensive three-week training program and study at their own pace for exams 310-009 and 310-010.

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Chapter 3: Installing the Solaris 8 Operating Environment

Some of the most fundamental skills a systems administrator needs are related to installing and maintaining the system and associated software. Systems that are improperly installed and improperly patched will suffer from instability, which will result in long downtimes. Systems without the necessary software or with improperly configured software will not be useful to the user community.

The deeper the system administrator's understanding of these topics, the more effective that administrator can be. A system installation can be a confusing nightmare of installation options and configurations. An administrator with a solid understanding of the installation process can quickly and effectively get a system up and running. Installing software can be a very tedious and time-consuming process, especially if the software must be installed on multiple machines throughout the enterprise. An administrator who understands how software is handled in the Solaris 8 operating environment will be able to make the process completely automatic, saving time and reducing mistakes.

This chapter deals with the three main areas of installing and maintaining a system: the initial operating system installation, additional software installation, and operating system patches. Since hands-on experience with the Solaris 8 operating environment is essential to passing the Solaris certification exam, this chapter is one of the most important in this book.

Certification Objective 3.01

Installing the Solaris 8 Operating Environment
Software on a Networked Standalone System

This section deals with the information and processes necessary to install the Solaris 8 operating environment. It covers the various versions of Solaris 8, the options for installing Solaris 8, and the hardware requirements. It also covers the function of software packages, clusters, and groups. Finally, it details preinstallation planning and the Solaris 8 operating environment installation.

Versions of Solaris 8

Solaris 8 comes in several different versions. These versions are based on the platform on which you intend to install, your geographic location, and the age of the hardware you need to support. All versions of Solaris 8 contain the following disks:
  • Solaris 8 Installation CD
  • Solaris 8 Software CD 1 of 2
  • Solaris 8 Software CD 2 of 2
  • Solaris 8 Documentation CD
Platform Editions
Solaris 8 supports two platforms, the Scalable Processor Architecture (SPARC) platform and the Intel/X86 platform. Both editions are available from Sun, generally for the cost of the media and shipping. This chapter deals almost exclusively with the SPARC platform. Both editions are built from the same source tree, so knowledge of one should impart knowledge of the other. Many people preparing for the Solaris certification exam find it useful to be able to load the Intel version on commodity hardware that they already have at home.

International Edition
Solaris 8 is available in two "regional" versions: the English Edition and the International Edition. The International Edition contains a multilingual version of the Solaris 8 Installation CD as well as a Solaris 8 Languages CD, to support languages other than English. The International Edition also contains a two-CD set of Solaris 8 documentation, one for European languages (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Swedish), and one for Asian languages (Simplified and Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean).

Hardware Releases
From time to time, generally about once a quarter, Sun Microsystems comes out with new hardware releases. These hardware releases are labeled "MM/YY," such as Solaris 8 Hardware 01/01 for the hardware release from January 2001. These updated editions provide drivers for newly released hardware as well as generally bundling more patches with the environment. The patches are not integrated into the release; they are separate to make it easier to maintain consistency and keep patching easy between systems running the same environment but different hardware releases.

Installation Options

Solaris 8 provides five installation options. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Some of them provide easy, graphical user interface (GUI) driven installation for a single system. Others provide a way of automating the installation of large numbers of systems for rapid deployment. Some provide a completely automatic, hands-free installation of a single system.

Interactive Installation
The interactive installation is a GUI-driven option. It guides you through all the steps required for the installation of Solaris 8. It does not allow you to install any additional software, only that software that is part of Solaris 8. You can install any other software you want after the interactive installation is completed.

Solaris Web Start 3.0
Solaris Web Start provides the installation process with a Java-powered GUI. It guides you step by step through the installation of Solaris 8, starting with the Solaris 8 installation CD. It also allows you to install other packaged software (see "Software Packages, Clusters, and Groups" later in this chapter), some of which comes bundled with Solaris. The installation can use a local or a remote CD-ROM drive.

Exam Watch
In order to fully prepare for the certification exam, you should make sure that you are comfortable with all installation options. The best way to do this is to install the Solaris 8 operating environment several times using all the different options.

Network Installation
A Solaris network installation allows you to install a large number of systems without using a local CD-ROM. The Solaris 8 software is copied onto a network-accessible installation server and then installed across the network to the local clients. This method allows multiple machines to be built in parallel and removes the need to insert the CD-ROMs into each system.

Default JumpStart
The default JumpStart installation allows a new system (only) to be installed, completely "hands-off." When you boot the system with Software Disk 1 installed, JumpStart starts automatically and installs a default setup. Based on the model and disk size of the system, JumpStart determines the software components that need to be installed.

Custom JumpStart
The custom JumpStart installation is the most powerful installation option. By setting up a JumpStart server, the system administrator can define every aspect of the system installation and configuration: the file system layouts, the software components to be installed, the patches that are installed, other software that will be installed, and all the customization of the environment. You can define profiles based on the type of user that will be using the machine, the type of duty the machine will perform, the location of the machine, or any other criteria....

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Meet the Author

Syngress Media, Inc. (Rockland, MA) is an independent company committed to creating the very best book, software and Internet based exam preparation tools. They have published over 20 certification study guides and over a dozen Personal Testing Centers. All of these products are created by leading content experts, many of whom are also full-time trainers.

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Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8.0 Study Guide (Exam 310-011 & 310-012) 4.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
A good book for Part I. Includes basic system admin stuff for the test. Be careful using the accompanying CD. High scores using the CD do not necessarily correlate to high scores on the actual exam.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I highly recommend anybody who looking forward to be a competent sys admin for solaris to use this book, it really upgraded my UNIX career as both System and Network administrator the book is detailed with hands-on exercise.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book helped me pass both exams. I was not much of a unix person. This was my tool to learn and gain confidence. I learned more than expected. The best thing about the guide is that the Certification Objectives mirror the exam objectives. I gave only 4 stars as there are some areas where more detail is needed, but that is with any book. I continue to use the guide as a reference.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book help me to pass the exam easily because the contents cover the whole exam. I recommend this book to you.